August 22, 1918|
Roslindale, Boston, Massachusetts
|Died||April 20, 2004(aged 85)|
|Education||Boston Latin Academy|
|Alma mater||Emmanuel College|
|Occupation||Journalist • columnist|
|Awards||Pulitzer Prize for Commentary,
Four Freedom Award
Mary McGrory (August 22, 1918 – April 20, 2004) was an American journalist and columnist. She specialized in American politics, and was noted for her detailed coverage of political maneuverings. She wrote over 8,000 columns, but no books, and made very few media or lecture appearances. She was a fierce opponent of the Vietnam War and was on Richard Nixon's enemies list. One reviewer said:
- McGrory is what you get when proximity to power, keen observation skills, painstaking reporting, a judgmental streak and passionate liberalism coalesce in a singularly talented writer — one whose abilities are matched by the times.
She was born in Roslindale, Boston, Massachusetts to Edward and Mary McGrory, a tight-knit Irish Catholic family. Her father was a postal clerk and she shared his love of Latin and writing. She graduated from the Girls' Latin School and Emmanuel College and began her career as a book reviewer at The Boston Herald.
She was hired in 1947 by The Washington Star and began her career as a journalist, a path she was inspired to take by reading Jane Arden comic strips. She rose to prominence as their reporter covering the McCarthy hearings in 1954, portraying McCarthy as a typical neighborhood Irish bully. McGrory won the Pulitzer Prize for Commentary in 1975, for her articles about the Watergate scandal.
The day after the Star went out of business in 1981, she went to work for The Washington Post.
She died in Washington at the age of 85.
Friendship with the Kennedy Family
McGrory wrote extensively about the Kennedy presidency. She and JFK were close in age, both of Irish descent and from Boston. McGrory's exchange with Daniel Patrick Moynihan after the president's assassination was quoted widely: "We will never laugh again," said McGrory. Moynihan, who worked for President Kennedy responded, "Mary, we will laugh again. But we will never be young again."
In a 1983 paperback, Wayne Coffey's 303 of the World's Worst Predictions, McGrory was falsely described as having "predicted" in her Washington Star column that George McGovern would win the 1972 presidential campaign "by a landslide". As it turned out, the book's author, rather than McGrory, had written ineptly. McGrory's October 22, 1972, Star column had been about McGovern's showing in the state of Michigan, which she felt might be one of the few states McGovern could win. The column began, "Here in Michigan, they have failed to get the word about the Nixon landslide." Nevertheless, readers of Coffey's book were given the impression that the liberal McGrory had made the most erroneous "prediction" in political history.
Awards and Honors
1995: The Four Freedom Award for Freedom of Speech
- Mary McGrory; Phil Gailey (1 October 2006). The Best of Mary McGrory: A Half-Century of Washington Commentary. Andrews McMeel Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7407-6071-6.
- John Norris, Mary McGrory (2015)
- Carlos Lozada, "Mary McGrory, the revolutionary insider of Washington journalism," Washington Post Oct 8, 2015
- "Appreciation: Mary McGrory, Post columnist, dies". www.natcath.org. Retrieved 2016-01-13.
- Toner, Robin (2004-04-23). "Mary McGrory, 85, Longtime Washington Columnist, Dies". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-01-13.
- Rourke, Mary (2004-04-23). "Mary McGrory, 85; Washington Post Columnist Covered Scandal and War". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2016-01-13.
-  Article, Que Hacer – Michael Shifter (October 8, 2001) and  1968 In America: Music, Politics, Chaos, Counterculture and the Shaping of a Generation
- McGrory, Mary (October 23, 1972). "Victory for McGovern". Modesto Bee. p. 8.
- "Pulitzer Prize Winners for Commentary". Pulitzer Prizes for Commentary. Pulitizer Prize. Retrieved 4/2/16. Check date values in:
- Staff, N. P. R. "Don't Call Her 'Doll': How Mary McGrory Became 'The First Queen Of Journalism'". NPR.org. Retrieved 2016-04-03.
- Allen, Henry. "Mary, Mary, Quite Contrary: Mary McGrory would conscript senators to mix drinks for copyboys and media stars to pass hors d’oeuvres," Wall Street Journal Oct. 9, 2015
- John Norris (22 September 2015). Mary McGrory: The First Queen of Journalism. Penguin Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-698-40782-4., a scholarly biography review; Washington Post review
- Columns from the Washington Post
- David Von Drehle (April 23, 2004). "The Pointed Pen of Mary McGrory; For Half a Century, the Acclaimed Columnist Wrote Her Heart Out". The Washington Post.
- Appearances on C-SPAN