Mary G. Meeker
|Born||September 1959 (age 62)|
|Alma mater||Cornell University |
Mary Meeker (born September 1959) is an American venture capitalist and former Wall Street securities analyst. Her primary work is on Internet and new technologies. She is the founder and general partner at the venture capital firm Bond Capital. She previously served as partner at Kleiner Perkins. In 2014, she was listed as the 77th most powerful woman in the world by Forbes.
Early life and education
In 1982, Meeker joined Merrill Lynch as a stockbroker. After graduate school, she began as an analyst covering the technology sector at Salomon Brothers in 1986. She worked for Cowen from 1990-1991 before moving to Morgan Stanley to specialize in covering the personal computer and consumer software industries.
In August 1995, Morgan Stanley served as lead manager for the initial public offering of Netscape. Later that year, Meeker and Chris DePuy at Morgan Stanley, published The Internet Report, a landmark Morgan Stanley industry report which became known as "the bible" for investors in the Dot com boom and went into popular circulation — as a book, and on the web. Over the years, Morgan Stanley published similar landmark reports led by Meeker on online advertising, e-commerce, evolution of search, the Internet in China, and the mobile Internet.
Meeker was vilified in the press as one of a number of star analysts who were questioned in fraud investigations after the bursting of the dotcom bubble in 2000 to 2002. Meeker was not charged with any wrongdoing. Morgan Stanley and nine other investment firms were compelled to participate in a global legal settlement.
In August 2004, Morgan Stanley (with Meeker as research analyst) served as lead manager for the initial public offering of Google. Meeker was characterized by Andrew Serwer in Fortune magazine in 2006 as "absolutely first rate when it comes to spotting big-picture trends before they come into focus. She gathers massive amounts of data and assembles it into voluminous reports that, while sometimes rambling and overambitious, are stuffed with a million jumping-off points." Meeker is often credited for her comprehensive, rapid fire, annual Internet industry overviews at the Web 2.0 conferences in San Francisco each autumn.
During Morgan Stanley's tumultuous period in April 2005 when CEO Phil Purcell's management decisions were being intensely scrutinized, Meeker, along with colleagues Steve Roach, Byron Wien, and Henry McVey, wrote a letter to then co-presidents Zoe Cruz and Steve Crawford that expressed their concerns about the damage to the culture of the firm. The letter served as an important catalyst in increasing the focus of the board of directors on the depth of challenges facing Morgan Stanley at the time. In June 2005, John J. Mack was named CEO of Morgan Stanley, replacing Phil Purcell. A copy of the letter is included in Patricia Beard's book Blue Blood and Mutiny: The Fight for the Soul of Morgan Stanley published by HarperCollins, 2007. Meeker was named "one of the ten smartest people in tech" by Fortune magazine in 2010.
In December 2010 Meeker left her position as a managing director at Morgan Stanley and head of the bank's global technology research team to become a partner at the venture capital firm of Kleiner Perkins, where she has participated in over 20 different deals. Meeker serves on the boards of electronic signature provider DocuSign, mobile payments company Square, Inc., and Peer-to-peer lending company Lending Club.
In February 2011, Meeker created and compiled 'USA Inc.,' a non-partisan report that looked at the U.S. government (and its financials) from a business perspective. Successful stocks Meeker championed early on included Dell, Microsoft, Intuit, Netscape, AOL, Amazon.com, Yahoo!, eBay and Google. Failed picks included AOL after its takeover of Time Warner, Excite@Home, and drugstore.com.
At the end of 2018, Meeker left Kleiner and started her own fund, Bond Capital. She raised $1.2 billion for her debut fund. In May 2019, Bond Capital announced its first investment out of the fund, a $70 million round in online portfolio platform Canva.
Mary Meeker's Internet Trends Report
Meeker's Internet Trends Report is one of the most highly anticipated annual reports for tech investors. She has published it every year since 1995 when she was a tech analyst at Morgan Stanley.
The Report includes data and analysis on the major trends shaping the Internet, consumer behavior and cultural shifts. In recent years, Meeker has delivered the report as part of a conference presentation, most recently in 2019 at Vox/Recode's Code Conference.
- Mary Meeker Starts $1.25 Billion VC Fund After Leaving Kleiner Perkins
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- "Square Board of Directors". Retrieved 18 June 2017.
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- Kulwin, Noah (2015-03-23). "A who's who of the Kleiner Perkins-Ellen Pao trial". Recode. Retrieved 2015-10-02.
- Griffith, Erin (2018-09-14). "Mary Meeker, 'Queen of the Internet,' Is Leaving Kleiner Perkins to Start a New Fund". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2020-09-24.
- "Mary Meeker raises $1.25B for Bond, her debut growth fund". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2020-09-24.
- "Mary Meeker Makes First Investment Out of Bond Capital". Fortune. Retrieved 2020-09-24.
- Rooney, Kate (2019-06-11). "Mary Meeker just published her highly anticipated internet trends report — read it here". CNBC. Retrieved 2020-09-24.
- Murphy, Mike. "Mary Meeker's 2019 Internet Trends report: All the slides and highlights". Quartz. Retrieved 2020-09-24.
- D'Onfro, Jillian. "More Than 25% Of U.S. Adults Almost Always Online: Mary Meeker's 2019 Internet Trends Report". Forbes. Retrieved 2020-09-24.
- Levy, Steven (2012-09-21). "The Indomitable Mary Meeker". Wired. 20 (10). ISSN 1059-1028. Retrieved 2020-09-24.
- "Here's Mary Meeker's 2019 Internet Trends report". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2020-09-24.
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