Mary Mendenhall Hobbs
Mary Mendenhall Hobbs (August 30, 1852 – July 20, 1930), was an American Quaker advocate for women's education, temperance, and suffrage, based in North Carolina. Her campaigning to improve women's education supported the founding of the University of North Carolina at Greensboro in 1891.
Early life and education
Mary Mendenhall was born near Jamestown, North Carolina, one of the five daughters of Nereus and Oriana Wilson Mendenhall. Her family had a long history as Quaker educators; her father was a physician who was principal at New Garden Friends School in Greensboro, North Carolina. Mary completed her formal education at Miss Howland's School on Lake Cayuga in Union Springs, New York.
Mary Mendenhall taught for a few years between school and marriage. She married a childhood friend, Quaker educator Lewis Lyndon Hobbs (1849–1932), in 1880. They had five children together. While raising her children, she remained active in the Quaker community, raising money and advocating for girls' education. Her husband became president of Guilford College in 1888, and she was busy as the president's wife and hostess of campus events, until his retirement from that position in 1915.
Mary Mendenhall Hobbs was active in the Women's Christian Temperance Union. She assisted in editing the state chapter's newsletter, The Anchor, and was state superintendent of the organization's "Department of Hygiene and Heredity." She also lectured and wrote in favor of women's suffrage.
In 1921, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill recognized Hobbs' service with an honorary Doctor of Letters degree, "in recognition of her attainments as a scholar and a writer." She was the second woman to be so honored, the first being Cornelia Phillips Spencer.
Death and legacy
She died in 1930, aged 77 years. Her papers are archived as part of the Friends Historical Collection at Guilford College, with further family papers in the Southern Historical Collection in Chapel Hill. There is a Mary Mendenhall Hobbs Residence Hall at Guilford College. Her first-hand descriptions of a girlhood in the South during and after the American Civil War, originally published in 1923 as Civil War and Reconstruction through the Eyes of Mary Mendenhall Hobbs, were reissued in 2012 by the North Carolina Friends Historical Society.
- Carol Brooks, "Mendenhalls Led the Area in Education" Jamestown News (October 5, 2011).
- "Grand Gathering at New Garden" Greensboro North State (August 30, 1883): 3. via Newspapers.com
- Treva W. Mathis, "Mary Mendenhall Hobbs" in William S. Powell, ed., Dictionary of North Carolina Biography (University of North Carolina Press 1996).
- Joan Marie Johnson, Southern Women at the Seven Sisters Colleges: Feminist Values and Social Activism, 1875-1915 (University of Georgia Press 2010): 46. ISBN 9780820334684
- "Quakers and Education" Charlotte Observer (August 9, 1896): 1. via Newspapers.com
- Anastatia Sims, The Power of Femininity in the New South: Women's Organizations and Politics in North Carolina, 1880-1930 (University of South Carolina Press 1997): 23. ISBN 9781570031786
- Untitled news item, Charlotte Observer (April 11, 1885): 1. via Newspapers.com
- "Hygienic Normal" News and Observer (April 12, 1885): 1. via Newspapers.com
- "Mrs. L. L. Hobbs Gives Her Views on Suffrage" Greensboro Daily News (August 22, 1920): 32. via Newspapers.com
- "Doctor of Literature is Conferred on Mrs. Hobbs" Greensboro Daily News (June 19, 1921): 33. via Newspapers.com
- Mary Mendenhall Hobbs Papers, Guilford College.
- Hobbs and Mendenhall Family Papers, 1787-1949, Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
- Mary Mendenhall Hobbs Hall, Guilford College.
- Mary Browning, "You Can Help Hobbs Hall Shine Again" Greensboro News & Record (August 2, 2013).
- Mary Mendenhall Hobbs, Civil War and Reconstruction through the Eyes of Mary Mendenhall Hobbs (1923).