Osborne in Rochester, New York, 1977
|Birth name||Mary Orsborn|
|Born||July 17, 1921|
Minot, North Dakota, U.S.
|Died||March 4, 1992 (aged 70)|
Mary Osborne (July 17, 1921 – March 4, 1992) was an American jazz guitarist and guitar manufacturer. She began performing at a young age and featured on a radio program in North Dakota, where she grew up. She came to prominence in New York City in the 1940s and played with other jazz musicians such as Dizzy Gillespie, Art Tatum, Coleman Hawkins, and Thelonious Monk. After moving to California in 1968, she and her husband founded the Osborne Guitar Company
Osborne was born in Minot, North Dakota, the tenth of eleven children. Her family was musically inclined; her mother played guitar and her father, in addition to constructing violins, allowed his barbershop to be the meeting place for the town's musicians.:260 As early as 3 years of age, she showed an interest in music. Osborne's earliest instruments included piano, ukulele, violin, and banjo. At age nine, she first played the guitar. At ten, she started playing banjo in her father's ragtime band. She also came to be featured on her own radio program, which she would continue to perform on twice weekly until she was fifteen. At twelve she started her own trio of girls to perform in Bismarck, North Dakota. The music she was playing during this time period was largely "hillbilly", or country music, in which the guitar was simply used to accompany her own vocals.
At the age of fifteen, Osborne joined a trio led by pianist Winifred McDonnell, for which she played guitar, double bass, and sang. During this time, she heard Charlie Christian play electric guitar in Al Trent's band at a stop in Bismarck. She was enthralled by his sound, at first mistaking the electric guitar for a saxophone. She said of it, "What impressed everyone most of all was his sense of time. He had a relaxed, even beat that would sound modern even today." Osborne immediately bought her own electric guitar and had a friend build an amplifier. She sat in with Christian, learning his style of guitar. Later, McDonnell's trio got absorbed into Buddy Rogers's band, after Rogers heard them play in St. Louis. But within a year of the band moving to New York in 1940, the trio broke up and left Rogers's band, having found husbands. Osborne married trumpeter Ralph Scaffidi, who encouraged her musical career.
In the 1940s, Osborne sat in on jam sessions on 52nd Street, where she played with some of the biggest names in jazz and quickly made a name for herself. In 1941 she went on the road with jazz violinist Joe Venuti. In 1942 she was working freelance in Chicago when she made a recording with Stuff Smith. In 1945 Osborne headlined a performance with Dizzy Gillespie, Art Tatum, Coleman Hawkins, and Thelonious Monk in Philadelphia, to reviews and audiences that praised her specifically. Osborne, Tatum, and Hawkins went on to record in concert in New Orleans. In 1945 Osborne moved back to New York. There she recorded with Mary Lou Williams in 1945, Coleman Hawkins, Mercer Ellington, and Beryl Booker in 1946, and led her own swing trio. Her trio lasted from 1945–1948 and played in clubs on 52nd street, had a year-long engagement at Kelly's Stables, and made several recordings. Throughout the 1950s, she played with Elliot Lawrence's Quartet on The Jack Sterling Show, a daily morning CBS radio program, and appeared on the television show Arthur Godfrey's Talent Scouts. The last few years of the decade she spent recording, both with Tyree Glenn and as a leader. Shortly after, Osborne felt that she had been doing the same thing musically for too long and wanted a change. In 1962 she started learning Spanish classical guitar under Alberto Valdez-Blaine. She used classical techniques, such as pick-less playing, in her jazz playing.:264
In 1968, Osborne moved and settled into Bakersfield, California, where she lived the rest of her life. With her husband, she started the Osborne Guitar Company. She taught music and continued to play jazz locally and in Los Angeles. She played in the Newport and Concord festivals in the early 1970s, and in the Kool Jazz Festival in New York in 1981. In 1989 and 1990, she played at the Los Angeles Classic Jazz Festival, and in 1990 also played at the Playboy Jazz Marathon. In 1991, in what would be her final performances, Osborne returned to The Village Vanguard in New York for a week-long engagement.
- A Girl and Her Guitar (Warwick, 1959)
- Now's the Time (Halcyon, 1977)
- Now and Then (Stash, 1981)
- Esquire's All-American Hot Jazz Sessions (RCA, 1988) with the 52nd Street All-Stars, RCA Studio 2, New York City, February 27, 1946. Produced by Leonard Feather
- The Mighty Two (Roulette, 1963)
- Dahl, Linda (1984). Stormy Weather: The Music and Lives of a Century of Jazzwomen. New York: Pantheon Books. ISBN 0-87910-128-8.
- Schoemer, Karen (August 30, 1991). "Pop/Jazz; Mary Osborne Makes a Return After 10 Years". The New York Times. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
- Feather, Leonard (1977). Inside Jazz. New York: J.J. Robbins. ISBN 0-306-80076-4.
- Wilson, John S. (March 6, 1992). "Mary Osborne, Electric Guitarist Lauded in Jazz World, Dies at 70". The New York Times. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
- Vail, Ken (2003). Dizzy Gillespie: The Bebop Years. Scarecrow Press. p. 35. ISBN 0-8108-4880-5.
- Brewer, Carolyn Glenn (2017). Changing the Tune: The Kansas City Women's Jazz Festival, 1978-1985. University of North Texas Press. p. 41. ISBN 978-1-57441-666-4.
- Kernfeld, Barry (2001). "Mary Osborne". In Root, Deane L. (ed.). The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Oxford University Press.
- "Mary Osborne | Album Discography". AllMusic. Retrieved 1 October 2016.