Mary Stewart, Duchess of Richmond

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Her Grace
The Duchess of Richmond and Lennox
John Michael Wright Mary Villiers and her children.jpg
Mary, Duchess of Richmond, with her children, Esmé and Mary, by John Michael Wright.
Personal details
Born 1622
Died 1685 (aged 62–63)
Spouse(s) Charles Herbert, Lord Herbert
James Stewart, 1st Duke of Richmond
Colonel Thomas Howard
Children Esmé Stewart, 2nd Duke of Richmond
Mary Butler, Countess of Arran
Parents George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham
Katherine Manners, 19th Baroness de Ros

Mary Stewart, Duchess of Richmond and Duchess of Lennox (1622–1685), formerly Lady Mary Villiers, was the daughter of the George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Katherine Manners, 19th Baroness de Ros.

On 8 January 1634, at the age of 12, she married the 15-year-old Charles, Lord Herbert, eldest son of the 4th Earl of Pembroke and 1st Earl of Montgomery, but was widowed in 1635 when her young husband died of smallpox.[1]

On 3 August 1637, she married the 4th Duke of Lennox, who was created Duke of Richmond in 1641. They had two children:

Sometime before 1664, Mary married Colonel Thomas Howard (d. 1678): he was a younger brother of Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Carlisle, and is chiefly remembered for his duel in 1662 with Henry Jermyn, 1st Baron Dover.

Maureen E. Mulvihill has built a case for Mary Villiers as the author of the poems published under the pseudonym Ephelia, including Female Ephelia (1679).

Depiction in art[edit]

A Poem as it was presented to His Sacred Majesty, on the discovery of the plott. Written by a lady of quality, by Ephelia, 1679

Mary is the subject of several paintings by Anthony van Dyck as well as a portrait with her children by John Michael Wright.


  1. ^ "Portrait of Mary Villiers Lady Herbert of Shurland (1622-1685) 1636". Philip Mould Historical Portraits.

External links[edit]