Mosaic Art of Mary Tourtel in Canterbury
28 January 1874
|Died||15 March 1948 (aged 74)|
Tourtel was born Mary Caldwell, the youngest child of Samuel Caldwell, a stained-glass artist and stonemason, and his wife Sarah. Mary studied art under Thomas Sidney Cooper at the Sidney Cooper School of Art in Canterbury (now the University for the Creative Arts), and became a children's book illustrator. In 1900 she married an assistant editor of The Daily Express, Herbert Bird Tourtel, at Eton.
Rupert Bear was created in 1920, at a time when the Express was in competition with The Daily Mail and its then popular comic strip Teddy Tail, as well as the strip Pip, Squeak and Wilfred in The Daily Mirror. The then news editor of the Express, Herbert Tourtel, was approached with the task of producing a new comic strip to rival those of the Mail and Mirror and immediately thought of his wife Mary, already an established author and artist. Rupert Bear was the result and was first published as a nameless character in a strip titled Little Lost Bear on 8 November 1920. The early strips were illustrated by Mary and captioned by her husband, and were published as two cartoons a day with a short story underneath. Rupert was originally a brown bear until the Express cut inking expenses giving him his iconic and characteristic white colour.
In 1931 Herbert Tourtel died in a German sanatorium, and Mary retired four years later in 1935 after her eyesight and general health deteriorated. The Rupert Bear strips were continued by a Punch illustrator, Alfred Bestall.
Mary Tourtel died on 15 March 1948, aged 74, at the Kent and Canterbury Hospital and was buried with her husband at St Martin's Church, Canterbury; they had no children. In 2003, the Canterbury Heritage Museum, which closed in 2018, opened a special wing dedicated to Rupert Bear.
The complete listing may be found at Rupert Little Bear Library.
- A Horse Book, Grant Richards, London, 1901 and F.A. Stokes Co., New York, 1901
- The Humpty Dumpty Book: Nursery Rhymes told in Pictures, Treherne, London, 1902
- The Three Little Foxes, Grant Richards, London, 1903
- Matchless A B C, Treherne, London, 1903
- The Strange Adventures of Billy Rabbit, M.A. Donohue & Co., 1908
- The Rabbit Book, by Bruce Rogers, M.A. Donohue & Co., Chicago, 1900
- "Rupert the Bear turns 80". 8 November 2000. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
- The Life and Works of Alfred Bestall: Illustrator of Rupert Bear, 2010, Caroline Bott
- BBC News (8 November 2000). "Rupert the Bear turns 80". Retrieved 6 January 2010.
- The Independent (6 November 2006). "Rupert Bear gets 21st Century makeover".