Mary Voytek

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Mary Voytek
Mary Voytek, from USGS.gov.jpg
2004
Director of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Astrobiology Program
Assumed office
September 15, 2008
PresidentBarack Obama

Dr. Mary A. Voytek is the director of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Astrobiology Program at NASA Headquarters in Washington, D.C.[1][2] In 2015, Dr. Voytek formed Nexus for Exoplanet System Science (NExSS), a systems science initiative by NASA, to search for life on exoplanets.[3][4] Dr. Voytek came to NASA from the U.S. Geological Survey in Reston, VA, where she headed the USGS Microbiology and Molecular Ecology Laboratory from 1998 to 2009.[5][6]

Education[edit]

B.A. in Biology, Johns Hopkins University, 1980

M.S. in Biological Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, 1984

Ph.D. in Biology/Ocean Sciences, University of California, 1995

Postdoctoral Fellow, Rutgers University Institute for Marine and Coastal Sciences, 1995–1997

Research and Professional Activities[edit]

Dr. Voytek's primary scientific interests are biogeochemistry and aquatic microbial ecology; more particularly, environmental controls on microbial transformations of nutrients, xenobiotics, and metals in freshwater and marine systems. She has worked in several extreme environments, including Antarctica, hypersaline lakes, deep-sea hydrothermal vents, and terrestrial deep-subsurface sites. Dr. Voytek has conducted deep-biosphere studies at the Chesapeake Bay Impact Structure.[2]

Dr. Voytek was a staff scientist at the Environmental Defense Fund (1987–1990) prior to completing her PhD at the University of Rhode Island. After her postdoc at Rutgers University she was a visiting research fellow at the Max Planck Institute for Limnology in Plön, Germany from 1997–1998.[6] Dr. Voytek joined the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Research Program in 1998 where she led the Microbiology and Molecular Ecology team until 2009.[2] She was an invited scholar for the German-American Frontiers of Science (1997 and 2001), and she received a USGS Superior Service Award in 2005. She took charge of the NASA Astrobiology Program on September 15, 2008, as Interim Senior Scientist for Astrobiology in the Science Mission Directorate at NASA Headquarters.[2]

Dr. Voytek has been a member of the American Geophysical Union since 1990,[7] and she served as the secretary of the AGU Biogeosciences section from 2004–2006 and was the Biogeosciences section meeting chair from 2003–2006.[6] She is currently a board member of the American Geophysical Union. Dr. Voytek is also a member of the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO) (1984 to present) and the American Society of Microbiology (1991 to present).

She has served on several advisory groups to Department of the Interior, Department of Energy, the National Science Foundation, and NASA, including the Planetary Protection Subcommittee. She has also supported NASA’s Astrobiology Program serving as a NASA representative to a number of COSPAR convened studies exploring the potential for life in the universe. She has held positions in several science societies.

In December 2010, she defended a news release of NASA on the possibility there might be a principally wider basis of life than so far assumed, following conclusions of a study by Felisa Wolfe-Simon on the arsenic-eating bacterium GFAJ-1, as presenting a "phenomenal finding".[8]

Publications[edit]

Dr. Voytek has been an author or co-author on over 70 peer-reviewed publications in interdisciplinary journals.

Her top 5 most cited publications are:

  1. Groffman PM, Altabet MA, Böhlke JK, Butterbach-Bahl K, David MB, Firestone MK,Giblin AE, Kana TM, Nielsen LP, Voytek MA. (2006) Methods for measuring denitrification: diverse approaches to a difficult problem. Ecological Applications, (6): 2091-122, PubMed PMID 17205891.
  2. Priscu, J.C., Adams, E.E., Lyons, W.B., Voytek, M.A., Mogk, D.W., Brown, R.L., McKay, C.P., Takacs, C.D., Welch, K.A., Wolf, C.F. and Kirshtein, J.D. (1999) Geomicrobiology of subglacial ice above Lake Vostok, Antarctica. Science, 286(5447): 2141-2144, DOI: 10.1126/science.286.5447.2141.
  3. Wallenstein MD, Myrold DD, Firestone M, Voytek M. (2006) Environmental controls on denitrifying communities and denitrification rates: insights from molecular methods. Ecological Applications, (6): 2143-52. Review. PubMed PMID 17205893.
  4. Voytek MA, Ward BB. (1995) Detection of ammonium-oxidizing bacteria of the beta-subclass of the class Proteobacteria in aquatic samples with the PCR. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 61(7): 1444–1450 (http://aem.asm.org/content/61/4/1444.long).
  5. Reysenbach, A.L., Liu, Y., Banta, A.B., Beveridge, T.J., Kirshtein, J.D., Schouten, S., Tivey, M.K., Von Damm, K.L. and Voytek, M.A. (2006) A ubiquitous thermoacidophilic archaeon from deep-sea hydrothermal vents. Nature, 442(7101): 444–447 (https://www.nature.com/articles/nature04921).

Additional publications include:

  • A Synopsis of Chesapeake Bay research. With Ian Morris, Sarah E. Libourel Houde, and Wayne Harrell Bell. Center for Environmental and Estuarine Studies, University of Maryland System, 1988
  • Ominous future under the ozone hole: assessing biological impacts in Antarctica. Environmental Defense Fund, Wildlife Program, 1989
  • Relative abundance and species diversity of autotrophic ammonia-oxidizing bacteria in aquatic systems. University of California, Santa Cruz 1996
  • Molecular ecology of aquatic communities. With J. P. Zehr, 1999
  • Preliminary assessment of microbial communities and biodegradation of chlorinated volatile organic compounds in wetlands at Cluster 13, Lauderick Creek area, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland. With Michelle M. Lorah and Tracey A. Spencer. U.S. Dept. of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, 2003

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kennedy News. National Aeronautics and Space Administration / Kennedy Space Center. Ed. Jeanne Ryba. November 10, 2011, retrieved November 12, 2011
  2. ^ a b c d Daniella Scalice: Astrobiology – Life in the Universe – Mary Voytek – Biography Archived 2011-11-28 at the Wayback Machine.. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, November 11, 2011, retrieved November 12, 2011
  3. ^ Loff, Sarah (April 21, 2015). "NASA’s NExSS Coalition to Lead Search for Life on Distant Worlds." NASA. Retrieved April 22, 2015.
  4. ^ Tollefson, Jeff (April 17, 2015). "Climate scientists join search for alien Earths." Nature 520, 420. doi:10.1038/520420a.
  5. ^ "Mary Voytek LinkedIn Profile". Retrieved July 27, 2018.
  6. ^ a b c "AGU Leadership Profile". Retrieved July 27, 2018.
  7. ^ AGU Elections. American Geophysical Union. Retrieved November 12, 2011
  8. ^ Mike Wall: NASA Hasn't Found Alien Life, But Arsenic Microbe Still 'Phenomenal'. Space.com, December 2, 2010, retrieved November 12, 2011