Mary de Bohun
|Mary de Bohun|
|Countess of Northampton|
Countess of Derby (by courtesy)
Psalter celebrating Mary's marriage
|Died||4 June 1394 (aged about 26)|
Peterborough Castle, Northamptonshire
The Collegiate Church of the Annunciation of Our Lady of the Newarke, Leicester
Henry Bolingbroke (m. 1380)
|Father||Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford|
Mary was the daughter of Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford, and Joan FitzAlan (1347/48–1419), the daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel, and Eleanor of Lancaster. Through her mother, Mary was descended from Llywelyn the Great.
Mary and her elder sister, Eleanor de Bohun, were the heiresses of their father's substantial possessions. Eleanor became the wife of Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, the youngest child of Edward III. In an effort to keep the inheritance for himself and his wife, Thomas of Woodstock pressured the child Mary into becoming a nun. In a plot with John of Gaunt, Mary's aunt took her from Thomas' castle at Pleshey back to Arundel whereupon she was married to Henry Bolingbroke, the future Henry IV.
Marriage and children
Mary married Henry—then known as Bolingbroke—on 27 July 1380, at Arundel Castle. It was at Monmouth Castle, one of her husband's possessions, that Mary gave birth to her first child, the future Henry V, on 16 September 1386. Her second child, Thomas, was born probably at London shortly before 25 November 1387.
Her children were:[a]
- Henry V of England (1386–1422)
- Thomas of Lancaster, Duke of Clarence (1387–1421)
- John of Lancaster, Duke of Bedford (1389–1435)
- Humphrey of Lancaster, Duke of Gloucester (1390–1447)
- Blanche of England (1392–1409) married in 1402 Louis III, Elector Palatine
- Philippa of England (1394–1430) married in 1406 Eric of Pomerania, King of Denmark, Norway and Sweden.
Mary de Bohun died at Peterborough Castle, giving birth to her last child, a daughter, Philippa of England. She was buried in the collegiate Church of the Annunciation of Our Lady of the Newarke, Leicester.
|Ancestors of Mary de Bohun|
- According to some sources, in 1382 she had a son who died shortly after birth. This is incorrect, as it's based on a misreading of a contemporary account book, by J.H. Wylie, in his biography of Henry IV (published in the 19th century). Wylie missed a line which made clear that the boy in question was Mary's nephew, Humphrey, 2nd Earl of Buckingham. There is no evidence that there was any child born to her at this time (when Mary de Bohun was only about 14).
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