|President elect of the National Council of Resistance|
28 August 1993
|Preceded by||Massoud Rajavi|
|Leader of the People's Mojahedin Organization|
2 February 1993
|Preceded by||Massoud Rajavi|
|Deputy Leader of the People's Mojahedin Organization|
9 December 1989 – 2 February 1993
|Succeeded by||Fahimeh Arvani|
4 December 1953 |
|Political party||People's Mojahedin Organization of Iran|
|Spouse(s)||Massoud Rajavi (m. 1985)|
|Children||Mostafa (b. 1980)
Ashraf (b. 1982)
Maryam Rajavi (born Maryam Azodanlu on 4 December 1953, in Tehran, Iran) is an Iranian politician who is President elect of National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI) since 1993. She is the wife of Massoud Rajavi, founder of the People's Mujahedin of Iran (PMOI). Her organization is supported primarily among the exiled Iranian communities in Europe and numerous American political officials such as former New York City Mayor and Presidential Contender Rudy Giuliani.
Early life and education
Rajavi was raised in Tehran as the daughter of a middle-class civil servant descended from a member of the Qajar dynasty. She attended the Sharif University of Technology in Iran, earning a B.S. in Metallurgy.
Rajavi has stated that her political activism started when she was twenty-two after her sister Narges's killing by Shah Muhammad Reza's secret police. Then she became a member of the People's Mojahedin of Iran (PMOI/MEK), "an Iranian organization founded in 1965 by a small group of intellectuals led by Muhammad Hanifnejad."
Rajavi served as an organizer of the anti-Shah student movement in the 1970s and in 1979, became an official of the social section of the PMOI/MEK, where she served until 1981. During that time, Rajavi was a parliamentary candidate in 1980. In 1985, she became Joint-Leader of the PMOI and served in that capacity until 1989 when she became the Secretary General until 1993.
In 1982, Rajavi was transferred to Paris, where the political headquarters of the Mojahedin was located, the principal opposition movement at that time.
In 2003, Rajavi's offices were raided by French police. She was placed under arrest and the assets of the NCRI were frozen by the French government. Rajavi's supporters protested her arrest by demonstration until her release. "
The Supreme Court of the UK reiterated Rajavi's travel ban on 12 November 2014. Originally put in place in 1997, Rajavi is not excluded from any other European country and engages regularly with parliamentarians in the European Parliament.
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- Official website
- National Council of Resistance of Iran website
- Official website of the PMOI
- Mujahedin-e Khalq training camp
- John Stanton. Iran Policy Committee (IPC): Pentagon mouthpiece, Israeli ally, MEK supporter, Online Journal, 21 May 2005.
- U.S. Congress's support for Mujahedin-e Khalq, OpenDemocracy, 15 July 2005.
|Party political offices|
|Deputy Leader of People's Mujahedin of Iran
|Leader of People's Mujahedin of Iran
|President of National Council of Resistance