Maryland's 6th congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Maryland's 6th congressional district
Maryland US Congressional District 6 (since 2013).tif
Maryland's 6th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
U.S. Representative
  David Trone
DPotomac
Area3,062.27 sq mi (7,931.2 km2)
Distribution
  • 84.49% urban
  • 15.51% rural
Population (2015)761,921
Median income$79,247[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+6[2]

Maryland's 6th congressional district elects a representative to the United States House of Representatives from the northwest part of the state. Today the district comprises all of Garrett, Allegany, and Washington counties as well as portions of Montgomery and Frederick counties. The seat is currently represented by David Trone (D).

The current boundaries of the district are currently the subject of a Supreme Court lawsuit over partisan gerrymandering.

History[edit]

The Maryland 6th District was one of the original districts that had a congressman starting in 1789. At that time, the district essentially had what remains its modern boundaries, consisting of the Maryland panhandle and areas eastward, all the way to the modern western boundary of the District of Columbia. However, after the 1790 census Maryland's representation increased to 8 congresspersons. The new sixth district was in the north-east corner of the state east of Baltimore, covering essentially the modern counties of Harford, Cecil and Kent.[3]

In 2012 the district was found to be the ninth least compact congressional district in the United States.[4]

For years, the 6th was a mostly rural and conservative district anchored in western Maryland. It was in Republican hands for all but one term from 1943 to 1971, before conservative Democrat Goodloe Byron won it in 1971. He died in 1978 and was succeeded by his widow, Beverly, who held it for seven terms before being ousted by a more liberal challenger in the 1992 Democratic primary. Republican Roscoe Bartlett won the general election, and was reelected without serious challenge nine more times.

However, redistricting after the 2010 census significantly altered the 6th. It lost heavily Republican Carroll County, as well as the more rural and conservative portions of Frederick County, to the 8th District. It also lost its shares of Baltimore and Harford counties to the already heavily Republican 1st District. Taking their place was a heavily Democratic spur of western Montgomery County, which was connected to the rest of the district by a tendril in Frederick County.

The new map turned the 6th from a heavily Republican district into a Democratic-leaning district. While John McCain carried the 6th with 57 percent of the vote in 2008,[5] Barack Obama would have carried the new 6th with 56 percent.[6] This was mainly because the Montgomery County portion had almost three times as many people as the rest of the district combined.

In his bid for an 11th term, Bartlett was defeated by Democrat John Delaney, who lives in the Montgomery County portion of the district, by over 21 points.

In 2013, Republican voters filed a federal lawsuit, alleging that the Democratic legislature and Governor Martin O'Malley had engaged in partisan gerrymandering, redrawing the 6th district after the 2010 census in a way that intentionally and unconstitutionally diluted Republican voters by including parts of the heavily Democratic Washington suburbs. A federal district judge initially dismissed the lawsuit, as did the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals, for failure to state a claim. The Republicans appealed to the Supreme Court, which ruled unanimously in 2015 that the lower courts had improperly dismissed the case. The case went back to the lower courts where a three judge panel ruled that the Republicans could not prove that John Delaney's election in 2012 was a result of the redistricting. Republican voters again appealed to the Supreme Court, which agreed to hear the case, Benisek v. Lamone, in December 2017.[7][8]

Voting[edit]

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2016 President Clinton 55.8% – 39.7%
2012 President Obama 55.4% – 42.6%
2008 President McCain 58% – 40%
2004 President Bush 65% – 34%
2000 President Bush 61% – 36%

[citation needed]

List of members representing the district[edit]

Member Party Years Electoral history
1 Daniel Carroll (NYPL b12349185-425114) (cropped).jpg
Daniel Carroll
Pro-Administration March 4, 1789 –
March 3, 1791
Elected in 1789.
Lost re-election.
2 Upton Sheredine Anti-Administration March 4, 1791 –
March 3, 1793
Elected in 1790.
[Data unknown/missing.]
3 Gabriel Christie Anti-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
Elected in 1792.
Re-elected in 1794.
Lost re-election.
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
4 William Matthews Federalist March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1799
Elected in 1796.
Retired.
5 Gabriel Christie Democratic-Republican March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1801
Elected in 1798.
Retired.
6 John Archer Maryland.jpg
John Archer
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1807
Re-elected in 1801.
Re-elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1804.
Lost re-election.
7 John Montgomery Democratic-Republican March 4, 1807 –
April 29, 1811
Elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Resigned after appointment as Attorney General of Maryland.
Vacant April 29, 1811 –
October 26, 1811
8 StevensonArcherI.jpg
Stevenson Archer
Democratic-Republican October 26, 1811 –
March 3, 1817
Elected to finish Montgomery's term.
Re-elected in 1812.
Re-elected in 1814.
Lost re-election.
9 Philip Reed portrait.png
Philip Reed
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817–
March 3, 1819
Elected in 1816.
Lost re-election.
10 StevensonArcherI.jpg
Stevenson Archer
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1819–
March 3, 1821
Elected in 1818.
Retired.
11 Jeremiah Cosden Democratic-Republican March 4, 1821 –
March 19, 1822
Elected in 1820.
Election contested.
12 Philip Reed portrait.png
Philip Reed
Democratic-Republican March 19, 1822 –
March 3, 1823
Contested 1820 election.
Lost re-election.
13 George E. Mitchell Adams-Clay DR March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
Elected in 1822.
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Re-elected in 1824.
Retired.
14 Levin Gale Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
Elected in 1826.
Retired.
15 George E. Mitchell Jacksonian December 7, 1829 –
June 28, 1832
Elected in 1829.
Ran unsuccessfully for governor.
Re-elected in 1831.
Died.
Vacant June 28, 1832 –
October 1, 1832
16 Charles S. Sewall Jacksonian October 1, 1832 –
March 3, 1833
Elected to finish Mitchell's term.
[Data unknown/missing.]
17 William C. Johnson Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
Elected in 1833.
Retired.
18 Francis Thomas of Maryland - photo portrait seated.jpg
Francis Thomas
Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Redistricted from the 7th district and re-elected in 1835.
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
Re-elected in 1837.
Re-elected in 1839.
Retired to ran for Governor of Maryland.
19 John T. Mason Jr. Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
Elected in 1841.
[Data unknown/missing.]
20 Thomas A. Spence Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
Elected in 1843.
Retired.
21 Edward H. C. Long Whig March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
Elected in 1845.
Retired.
22 John W Crisfield - Congressman from Maryland.jpg
John W. Crisfield
Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1849
Elected in 1847.
[Data unknown/missing.]
23 JohnBozmanKerr.jpg
John B. Kerr
Whig March 4, 1849 –
March 3, 1851
Elected in 1849.
Retired.
24 Joseph S. Cottman Independent Whig March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
Elected in 1851.
Lost re-election.
25 Augustus R. Sollers Whig March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
Elected in 1853.
[Data unknown/missing.]
26 ThomasFielderBowie.jpg
Thomas F. Bowie
Democratic March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1859
Elected in 1855.
Re-elected in 1857.
Lost re-election.
27 Hon. George W. Hughes, Md - NARA - 528689.jpg
George W. Hughes
Democratic March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
Elected in 1859.
[Data unknown/missing.]
28 Charles Benedict Calvert - photo portrait seated.jpg
Charles B. Calvert
Unionist March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
Elected in 1861.
Retired.
Seat abolished after the census of 1860, but was reinstated after the census of 1870.
29 Governor lloyd lowndes of maryland.jpg
Lloyd Lowndes Jr.
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
Elected in 1872.
Lost re-election.
30 William Walsh of Maryland - photo portrait seated - circa 1865 to 1880.jpg
William Walsh
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1879
Elected in 1874.
Re-elected in 1876.
Retired.
31 Milton George Urner - photo portrait seated - circa 1865 to 1880 (retouched).jpg
Milton G. Urner
Republican March 4, 1879 –
March 3, 1883
Elected in 1878.
Re-elected in 1880.
Retired.
32 Louis e mccomas.jpg
Louis E. McComas
Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1891
Elected in 1882.
Re-elected in 1884.
Re-elected in 1886.
Re-elected in 1888.
Lost re-election.
33 WilliamMcMahonMcKaig.jpg
William M. McKaig
Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1895
Elected in 1890.
Re-elected in 1892.
Retired.
34 George L Wellington.jpg
George Louis Wellington
Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
Elected in 1894.
Retired after election as a U.S. senator.
35 John McDonald Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1899
Elected in 1896.
[Data unknown/missing.]
36 GeorgeAlexanderPearre.jpg
George A. Pearre
Republican March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1911
Elected in 1898.
Re-elected in 1900.
Re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Retired.
37 David John Lewis, Harris-Ewing photo.jpg
David J. Lewis
Democratic March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1917
Elected in 1910.
Re-elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Retired.
38 Frederick Nicholas Zihlman, Maryland Congressman.jpg
Frederick N. Zihlman
Republican March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1931
Elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
Re-elected in 1920.
Re-elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Lost re-election.
39 David John Lewis, Harris-Ewing photo.jpg
David J. Lewis
Democratic March 4, 1931 –
January 3, 1939
Elected in 1930.
Re-elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
Retired.
40 William D. Byron (Maryland Congressman).jpg
William D. Byron
Democratic January 3, 1939 –
February 27, 1941
Elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Died.
Vacant February 27, 1941 –
May 27, 1941
41 Katharine Byron.jpg
Katharine Byron
Democratic May 27, 1941 –
January 3, 1943
Elected to finish her husband's term (see Widow's succession).
Retired.
42 Jamesglennbeall.jpg
James G. Beall
Republican January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1953
Elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Retired after election as a U.S. senator.
43 DeWitt S. Hyde (Maryland Congressman).jpg
DeWitt S. Hyde
Republican January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1959
Elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Lost re-election.
44 John R. Foley (Maryland Congressman).jpg
John R. Foley
Democratic January 3, 1959 –
January 3, 1961
Elected in 1958.
Lost re-election.
45 Charlesmathiasjr.jpg
Charles M. Mathias Jr.
Republican January 3, 1961 –
January 3, 1969
Elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
46 Jglennbealljr.jpg
John G. Beall Jr.
Republican January 3, 1969 –
January 3, 1971
Elected in 1968.
Retired to run for U.S. Senator.
47 Goodloe Byron.jpg
Goodloe E. Byron
Democratic January 3, 1971 –
October 11, 1978
Elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Died.
48 Beverly Byron.jpg
Beverly Byron
Democratic January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1993
Elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Lost renomination.
49 Roscoe Bartlett, Official Portrait, 111th Congress.jpg
Roscoe Bartlett
Republican January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2013
Elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Lost re-election after redistricting.
50 John Delaney 113th Congress official photo.jpg
John Delaney
Democratic January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2019
Elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Retired to run for U.S. President.
51 David Trone, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg
David Trone
Democratic January 3, 2019 –
Present
Elected in 2018.

Election results[edit]

1990[edit]

Maryland's 6th congressional district election, 1990[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Beverly B. Byron (inc.) 106,502 65.35
Republican Christopher P. Fiotes, Jr. 56,479 34.65
Total votes 162,981 100.00
Democratic hold

1992[edit]

Maryland's 6th congressional district election, 1992[10]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Roscoe Bartlett 125,564 54.17
Democratic Thomas H. Hattery 106,224 45.83
Total votes 231,788 100.00
Republican gain from Democratic

1994[edit]

Maryland's 6th congressional district election, 1994[11]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Roscoe Bartlett (inc.) 122,809 65.95
Democratic Paul Muldowney 63,411 34.05
Total votes 186,220 100.00
Republican hold

1996[edit]

Maryland's 6th congressional district election, 1996[12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Roscoe Bartlett (inc.) 132,853 56.83
Democratic Stephen Crawford 100,910 43.16
Write-ins 25 0.01
Total votes 233,788 100.00
Republican hold

1998[edit]

Maryland's 6th congressional district election, 1998[13]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Roscoe Bartlett (inc.) 127,802 63.42
Democratic Timothy D. McCown 73,728 36.58
Total votes 201,530 100.00
Republican hold

2000[edit]

Maryland's 6th congressional district election, 2000[14]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Roscoe Bartlett (inc.) 168,624 60.65
Democratic Donald M. DeArmon 109,136 39.25
Write-ins 285 0.10
Total votes 278,045 100.00
Republican hold

2002[edit]

Maryland's 6th congressional district election, 2002[15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Roscoe Bartlett (inc.) 147,825 66.17
Democratic Donald M. DeArmon 75,575 33.83
Total votes 223,400 100.00
Republican hold

2004[edit]

Maryland's 6th congressional district election, 2004[16]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Roscoe Bartlett (inc.) 206,076 67.45
Democratic Kenneth T. Bosley 90,108 29.49
Green Gregory T. Hemingway 9,324 3.05
Total votes 305,508 100.00
Republican hold

2006[edit]

Maryland's 6th congressional district election, 2006[17]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Roscoe Bartlett (inc.) 141,200 58.97
Democratic Andrew J. Duck 92,030 38.43
Green Robert E. Kozak 6,095 2.55
Write-ins 128 0.05
Total votes 239,453 100.00
Republican hold

2008[edit]

Maryland's 6th congressional district election, 2008[18]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Roscoe Bartlett (inc.) 190,926 57.76
Democratic Jennifer Dougherty 128,207 38.79
Libertarian Gary W. Hoover, Sr. 11,060 3.35
Write-ins 342 0.10
Total votes 330,535 100.00
Republican hold

2010[edit]

Maryland's 6th congressional district election, 2010[19]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Roscoe Bartlett (inc.) 148,820 61.45
Democratic Andrew J. Duck 80,455 33.22
Libertarian Dan Massey 6,816 2.81
Constitution Michael Reed 5,907 2.44
Write-ins 191 0.08
Total votes 242,189 100.00
Republican hold

2012[edit]

Maryland's 6th congressional district election, 2012[20]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Delaney 181,921 58.8
Republican Roscoe G. Bartlett (inc.) 117,313 37.9
Libertarian Nickolaus Mueller 9,916 3.2
N/A Others (write-in) 399 0.1
Total votes 309,549 100
Democratic gain from Republican

2014[edit]

Maryland's 6th congressional district election, 2014[20]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Delaney (inc.) 94,704 49.7
Republican Dan Bongino 91,930 48.2
Green George Gluck 3,762 2
N/A Others (write-in) 140 0.1
Total votes 190,536 100
Democratic hold

2016[edit]

Maryland's 6th Congressional District, 2016
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic John Delaney (Incumbent) 185,770 56.0%
Republican Amie Hoeber 133,081 40.1%
Libertarian David L. Howser 6,889 2.1%
Green George Gluck 5,824 1.8%
Write-in Ted Athey 103 0.0%
No party Write-ins 306 0.1%
Total votes 331,973 100
Democratic hold

2018[edit]

Maryland's 6th congressional district, 2018[21]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic David Trone 143,807 57.5
Republican Amie Hoeber 98,539 39.4
Green George Gluck 2,892 1.2
Libertarian Kevin Caldwell 4,545 1.8
Independent Other write-ins 244 0.1
Total votes
Democratic hold

Historical district boundaries[edit]

2003–2013

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=24&cd=06
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ The Historical cal Parties in Congress, p. 74
  4. ^ Lazarick, Len (3 October 2012). "Maryland has least compact congressional districts in nation". MarylandReporter.com. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
  5. ^ "Swing State Project: Presidential Results by Congressional District, 2000-2008". 16 October 2015. Archived from the original on 16 October 2015.
  6. ^ "Daily Kos Elections 2008 & 2012 presidential election results for congressional districts used in 2012 & 2014 elections". Google Docs.
  7. ^ Supreme Court will take up a second gerrymandering case this term (Washington Post)
  8. ^ "Benisek v. Lamone". Brennancenter.org. Retrieved 2018-01-24.
  9. ^ http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/1990election.pdf
  10. ^ "92 PRESIDENTIAL and CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION STATISTICS". Office of the Clerk. Retrieved 2018-01-24.
  11. ^ "94 CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION STATISTICS". Office of the Clerk. Retrieved 2018-01-24.
  12. ^ "96 PRESIDENTIAL and CONGRESSIONAL ELECTION STATISTICS". Office of the Clerk. Retrieved 2018-01-24.
  13. ^ "1998 Election Statistics - Legislative Activities". Office of the Clerk. Retrieved 2018-01-24.
  14. ^ "2000 ELECTION STATISTICS". Office of the Clerk. Retrieved 2018-01-24.
  15. ^ "2002 ELECTION STATISTICS". Office of the Clerk. Retrieved 2018-01-24.
  16. ^ "2004 ELECTION STATISTICS". Office of the Clerk. Retrieved 2018-01-24.
  17. ^ "2006 Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk. Retrieved 2018-01-24.
  18. ^ "2008 Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk. Retrieved 2018-01-24.
  19. ^ http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/2010election.pdf
  20. ^ a b "Unofficial 2012 Presidential General Election results for Representative in Congress". Maryland State Board of Elections. Retrieved Nov 12, 2012.
  21. ^ "Unofficial 2018 Gubernatorial General Election results for Representative in Congress: Congressional District 6". Maryland State Board of Elections. November 8, 2018. Retrieved November 8, 2018.

Bibliography[edit]

Coordinates: 39°42′N 78°06′W / 39.7°N 78.1°W / 39.7; -78.1