Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services
The Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services (DPSCS) is a Maryland state government agency that performs a number of functions, including the operation of the state prisons. It has its headquarters in Towson, the unincorporated county seat north of Baltimore City in Baltimore County, Maryland. Additional offices for correctional institutions supervision are located on Reisterstown Road in northwest Baltimore.
Some of the agencies contained within the Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services include:
- Division of Capital Construction and Facilities Maintenance
- Division of Correction
- Division of Parole and Probation
- Division of Pretrial Detention and Services (operates the former Baltimore City Jail - now the Baltimore City Detention Center and the pre-trial release programs in the City of Baltimore)
- Emergency Number Systems Board
- Police and Correctional Training Commissions
- Maryland Correctional Enterprises
- Baltimore City Correctional Center, Baltimore (operating capacity 500 inmates)
- Baltimore City Detention Center (formerly historic Baltimore City Jail - established and constructed 1801, re-constructed 1858-1859, gutted, re-constructed and added wings, 1959-1965)
- Baltimore Pre-Release Unit, Baltimore (capacity 201)
- Brockbridge Correctional Facility - Jessup
- Chesapeake Detention Facility (previously the Maryland Correctional Adjustment Center - also formerly known as "Super Max") - Baltimore (leased to U.S. Department of Justice and Federal Bureau of Prisons for detention of federal prisoners)
- Eastern Correctional Institution - Princess Anne, Somerset County
- Eastern Pre-Release Unit - Princess Anne, Somerset County (capacity 180)
- Maryland Correctional Institution - Hagerstown (constructed mid-1930s as third institution and initially served as penal farm)
- Jessup Correctional Institution - Jessup
- Maryland Correctional Institution - Jessup, Jessup
- Maryland Correctional Institution for Women - Jessup
- Maryland Correctional Training Center - Hagerstown (capacity 128)
- Metropolitan Transition Center - Baltimore (formerly historic Maryland Penitentiary, established 1811)
- North Branch Correctional Institution - Cumberland, opened 2003
- Patuxent Institution - Jessup
- Poplar Hill Pre-Release Unit (180 capacity)
- Roxbury Correctional Institution - Hagerstown
- Southern Maryland Pre-Release Unit (capacity 180)
- Western Correctional Institution - Cumberland, (adjacent to North Branch Correctional Institution, opened in the early 1980's)
- Central Booking and Intake Center - Baltimore, (1995 expansion adjacent to old historic Baltimore City Jail - now Baltimore City Detention Center)
- Herman L. Toulson Correctional Facility - Jessup
- Jessup Pre-Release Unit - Jessup
- Maryland House of Correction - Jessup
The "Death Row" for men was in the North Branch Correctional Institution in Western Maryland's Cumberland area. The execution chamber is in the Metropolitan Transition Center (the former Maryland Penetentiary). The five men who were on the State's "death row" were moved in June 2010 from the Maryland Correctional Adjustment Center. In December 2014, Former Governor Martin O'Malley commuted the sentences of all Maryland death row inmates to life sentences.
Black Guerrilla Family
In 2009, a federal indictment under the RICO Act charges that the Black Guerrilla Family gang was active in a number of facilities including, North Branch Correctional Institution, Western Correctional Institution, Eastern Correctional Institution, Roxbury Correctional Institution, Maryland Correctional Institution – Jessup, Maryland Correctional Institution – Hagerstown, Baltimore City Correctional Center, and Metropolitan Transition Center, and the Baltimore City Detention Center (formerly and also known as the Baltimore City Jail).
The gang had a statewide "supreme commander" as well as subordinate commanders in each facility. These leaders were assisted by other gang officials dubbed ministers of intelligence, justice, defense and education. These organizations enforced a code of conduct and smuggled contraband into the facilities.
Another prison gang, this one of mostly white prisoners, known as "D.M.I." Dead Man Incorporated was founded in Maryland prisons in 2001 or 2002 as an offshoot of the Black Guerrilla Family.
Since the establishment of the Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services, five officers have died while on duty.
- About the Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services
- Home page. Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services. Retrieved on December 7, 2009.
- Annotated Code of Maryland, Public Safety Article, § 1-305
- Calvert, Scott and Kate Smith. "Death row inmates transferred to W. Maryland." The Baltimore Sun. June 25, 2010. Retrieved on September 22, 2010.
- Federal indictment United States of America vs Eric Brown et. al
- The Officer Down Memorial Page