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Maryland Route 291

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Maryland Route 291 marker

Maryland Route 291
Maryland Route 291 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by MDSHA
Length 18.34 mi[1] (29.52 km)
Existed 1930 – present
Tourist
routes
Chesapeake Country Scenic Byway
Major junctions
West end MD 20 in Chestertown
 
East end DE 6 near Millington
Location
Counties Kent
Highway system
MD 290 MD 292

Maryland Route 291 (MD 291) is a state highway in the U.S. state of Maryland. The highway runs 18.34 miles (29.52 km) from MD 20 in Chestertown east to the Delaware state line east of Millington, where the highway continues east as Delaware Route 6 (DE 6). MD 291 parallels the Chester River along the southern edge of Kent County and connects Chestertown with U.S. Route 301 (US 301). The highway follows much of what was originally MD 447, which was constructed between US 213 in Chestertown and MD 290 at Chesterville around 1930. MD 291 itself was built east of Millington around 1930. The highway was extended west toward Chesterville in the early 1930s, but it was not complete to MD 290 until the late 1940s. MD 291 was extended west to US 213 along a partially new alignment in the early 1960s, superseding MD 447. MD 291 was reconstructed along its entire length between the mid-1960s and mid-1970s, and it reached its present western terminus at MD 20 in 1969.

Route description[edit]

View east along MD 291 at MD 298 near Chesterville

MD 291 begins in the town of Chestertown at a roundabout with MD 20 (Chestertown Road) near the eastern terminus of the latter highway, which continues south as High Street toward downtown Chestertown. MD 291 heads east as two-lane Morgnec Road, which intersects the Gilchrest Rail Trail and passes along the northern edge of Washington College. The highway intersects MD 213 (Washington Avenue) at Lees Corner and leaves the town limits shortly before passing the Maryland State Highway Administration District 2 offices. MD 291 crosses Morgan Creek on a steel truss bridge on its way to Morgnec, where the highway's name changes to River Road at its intersection with Morgnec Road, which heads north and then east further from the Chester River than MD 291. The state highway crosses Goosehaven Creek and Norris Creek and meets the eastern end of MD 298 (Cherry Lane).[1][2]

MD 291 crosses Chesterville Branch between MD 298 and MD 290 (Crumpton Road). MD 291 and MD 290 run concurrently east to a different section of Crumpton Road, on which MD 290 splits north toward Chesterville. MD 291 crosses Mills Branch as it approaches its indirect interchange with US 301 (Blue Star Memorial Highway). The state highway connects with the southbound and northbound directions of the U.S. Highway via Edge Road (unsigned MD 701A) and Howard Johnson Road (MD 701), respectively, both of which meet MD 291 at roundabouts. At this interchange, a park and ride lot is located on the west side of MD 701. MD 291 continues east into the town of Millington, through which the highway passes as Cypress Street. In the center of town, the highway intersects MD 313 (Sassafras Street) and the Centreville Branch of the Northern Line of the Maryland and Delaware Railroad. MD 291 crosses Cypress Branch to exit Millington along Cypress Road, which the route follows between the Chester River and the Millington Wildlife Management Area to the Delaware state line. The highway continues as DE 6 (Millington Road) toward Smyrna.[1][2]

History[edit]

Much of what is now MD 291 was constructed as two different highways. MD 291 proper ran from MD 290 near Chesterville through Millington to the Delaware state line. MD 447 connected US 213 in Chestertown and MD 290 in Chesterville, using MD 291's current corridor from Chestertown to Morgnec and a more northerly path from Morgnec to Chesterville.[3] MD 291 was constructed as a concrete road from Millington to the Delaware state line in 1929 and 1930; the portion of River Road on which MD 290 runs concurrently with MD 291 was paved in concrete in the same time span.[4][5] The concrete highway was extended west from Millington to Mills Branch in two sections, the eastern part completed in 1933 and the western segment built in 1934 and 1935.[6][7][8] Kent County included the portion of River Road between MD 290 and Mills Branch as its top priority in the post-war construction program; that segment was surfaced and brought into the state highway system as an extension of MD 291 in 1946.[9][10]

MD 291 marker on MD 313 in Millington

MD 447 was constructed from US 213 to just west of Morgnec and from Kennedyville Road to MD 290 in Chesterville in 1929 and 1930. This work was funded by a $900,000 bond issue of Kent County used to build 50 miles (80 km) of 9-to-16-foot (2.7 to 4.9 m) concrete roads in those years.[4][5] MD 447 between Morgnec and Kennedyville Road was started in 1930 and paved in concrete by 1933.[4][7] The highway's steel truss bridge over Morgan Creek, which replaced an old timber bridge on a more curvaceous alignment, was also completed in 1933.[6] In a May 14, 1958, agreement, Kent County agreed to accept the Morgnec–Chesterville portion of MD 447 in exchange for the Maryland State Roads Commission reconstructing River Road from Morgnec to MD 290; the transfer would take effect on conclusion of the River Road project.[11] The River Road project, which involved a realignment through Morgnec and reconstruction of the River Road piece of MD 290, took place in 1962 and 1963.[12] The bypassed part of MD 447 in Morgnec became MD 859B.[13] MD 291 was officially extended west over River Road and MD 447 to Chestertown at the end of 1962.[14][15]

The remainder of MD 291 was reconstructed between the mid-1960s and mid-1970s. The highway was reconstructed from the Morgan Creek bridge to west of Morgnec in 1964; this project featured a curve-smoothing realignment on the east side of the bridge.[12][16][17] MD 291 was reconstructed from US 213 to Morgan Creek in 1965 and 1966; the bypassed highway at the US 213 end, now Hadaway Drive, became another segment of MD 859.[12][18] MD 291 was extended west from US 213 to MD 20 as new construction in 1968 and 1969; this extension had been planned as an extension of MD 447 as early as 1958.[12][19] Work shifted to the original stretch of MD 291 in the late 1960s, when the highway was resurfaced with bituminous concrete from US 301 to the east side of Millington in 1967.[12] The highway was reconstructed from MD 290 to US 301 in 1971. The reconstruction of the highway concluded with a curve being smoothed east of Millington in 1974 and the highway being resurfaced from Millington to the state line in 1975.[20] MD 291's bridge across US 301 and its roundabouts with the two segments of MD 701 to provide access to US 301 were constructed in 1998 and 1999.[20][21] The roundabout at MD 291's western terminus was built in 2014.[22]

Junction list[edit]

The entire route is in Kent County.

Location mi
[1]
km Destinations Notes
Chestertown 0.00 0.00 MD 20 west (Chestertown Road) / High Street south – Rock Hall, Chestertown Roundabout; western terminus
0.58 0.93 MD 213 (Washington Avenue) – Elkton, Chestertown
Chesterville 8.05 12.96 MD 298 west (Cherry Lane) – Still Pond
9.04 14.55 MD 290 south (Crumpton Road) – Crumpton West end of concurrency with MD 290
9.71 15.63 MD 290 north (Crumpton Road) – Galena East end of concurrency with MD 290
Millington 12.28 19.76 Edge Road to US 301 south (Blue Star Memorial Highway) – Bay Bridge Roundabout; Edge Road is unsigned MD 701A
12.49 20.10 Howard Johnson Road to US 301 north (Blue Star Memorial Highway) – Wilmington Roundabout; Howard Johnson Road is unsigned MD 701
13.91 22.39 MD 313 (Sassafras Street) – Sudlersville, Massey
18.34 29.52 DE 6 east (Millington Road) – Smyrna Eastern terminus; Delaware state line
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Auxiliary routes[edit]

MD 291 has two former auxiliary routes:

  • MD 291A was the 0.02-mile-long (0.032 km) section of north–south highway at the tangent intersection between MD 291 and MD 859B (Morgnec Cutoff Road) on the west side of Morgnec.[13]
  • MD 291B was the 0.11-mile-long (0.18 km) section of Morgnec Cutoff Road between MD 859B (Morgnec Cutoff Road) and MD 291 at Morgnec.[13]

Both auxiliary routes were assigned after River Road was reconstructed through Morgnec as a westward extension of MD 291 in 1962 and 1963.[12] MD 291B and the portion of MD 859B west from MD 291B had been part of MD 447.[23] MD 291A and MD 291B were transferred to county maintenance through a December 1, 1987, road transfer agreement.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Highway Information Services Division (December 31, 2015). Highway Location Reference. Maryland State Highway Administration. Retrieved October 11, 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Staff. Maryland General Highway Statewide Grid Map (PDF) (Map) (2015 ed.). Maryland State Highway Administration. §§ D15C, D15A, D15B, D16A. Retrieved October 11, 2016. 
  3. ^ Maryland State Roads Commission (1939). General Highway Map: State of Maryland (Map). Baltimore: Maryland State Roads Commission. 
  4. ^ a b c Uhl, G. Clinton; Bruce, Howard; Shaw, John K. (October 1, 1930). Report of the State Roads Commission of Maryland (1927–1930 ed.). Baltimore: Maryland State Roads Commission. pp. 79, 218–219. Retrieved November 10, 2016. 
  5. ^ a b Maryland Geological Survey (1930). Map of Maryland Showing State Road System: State Aid Roads and Improved County Road Connections (Map). Baltimore: Maryland Geological Survey. 
  6. ^ a b Byron, William D.; Lacy, Robert (December 28, 1934). Report of the State Roads Commission of Maryland (1931–1934 ed.). Baltimore: Maryland State Roads Commission. pp. 46, 342–343. Retrieved November 10, 2016. 
  7. ^ a b Maryland Geological Survey (1933). Map of Maryland Showing State Road System: State Aid Roads and Improved County Road Connections (Map). Baltimore: Maryland Geological Survey. 
  8. ^ Maryland Geological Survey (1935). Map of Maryland Showing State Road System: State Aid Roads and Improved County Road Connections (Map). Baltimore: Maryland Geological Survey. 
  9. ^ "Excerpt from Minutes of Meeting of the State Roads Commission" (PDF). S.R.C. Minutes District No. 2 Kent County. Baltimore: Maryland State Roads Commission. February 27, 1945. Retrieved November 10, 2016 – via Maryland State Archives. 
  10. ^ "Letter from G. N. Lewis, Jr., to G. W. Cassell" (PDF). S.R.C. Minutes District No. 2 Kent County. Baltimore: Maryland State Roads Commission. October 13, 1947. Retrieved November 10, 2016 – via Maryland State Archives. 
  11. ^ "Excerpt from Minutes of Meeting of the State Roads Commission" (PDF). S.R.C. Minutes District No. 2 Kent County. Baltimore: Maryland State Roads Commission. May 14, 1958. Retrieved November 10, 2016 – via Maryland State Archives. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f Maryland Road Construction Progress Log (PDF). Baltimore: Maryland State Highway Administration. Contract Numbers: K-229-1-220 (May 25, 1962), K-229-7-220 (January 23, 1964), K-229-9-241 (October 1, 1965), K-301-277 (July 19, 1967), K-229-15-271 (July 30, 1968). Retrieved November 10, 2016 – via Maryland State Archives. 
  13. ^ a b c d "Memorandum of Action of Director Neil J. Pedersen" (PDF). S.R.C. Minutes District No. 2 Kent County. Baltimore: Maryland State Highway Administration. January 19, 1988. Retrieved November 10, 2016 – via Maryland State Archives. 
  14. ^ "Excerpt from Minutes of Meeting of the State Roads Commission" (PDF). S.R.C. Minutes District No. 2 Kent County. Baltimore: Maryland State Roads Commission. November 29, 1962. Retrieved November 10, 2016 – via Maryland State Archives. 
  15. ^ Maryland State Roads Commission (1963). Maryland: Official Highway Map (Map). Baltimore: Maryland State Roads Commission. 
  16. ^ Chestertown, MD quadrangle (Map) (1953 ed.). 1:24,000. 7.5 Minute Series (Topographic). United States Geological Survey. Retrieved April 15, 2017. 
  17. ^ Chestertown, MD quadrangle (Map) (1976 ed.). 1:24,000. 7.5 Minute Series (Topographic). United States Geological Survey. Retrieved April 15, 2017. 
  18. ^ "Memorandum of Action of State Highway Administrator M. S. Caltrider" (PDF). S.R.C. Minutes District No. 2 Kent County. Baltimore: Maryland State Highway Administration. August 11, 1978. Retrieved November 10, 2016 – via Maryland State Archives. 
  19. ^ "Excerpt from Minutes of Meeting of the State Roads Commission" (PDF). S.R.C. Minutes District No. 2 Kent County. Baltimore: Maryland State Roads Commission. November 18, 1959. Retrieved November 10, 2016 – via Maryland State Archives. 
  20. ^ a b Maryland Road Construction Progress Log (PDF). Baltimore: Maryland State Highway Administration. Contract Numbers: K-229-21-271 (October 29, 1970), K-345-276 (October 19, 1973), K-349-277 (November 26, 1974), K-425-5170 (July 27, 1998). Retrieved November 10, 2016 – via Maryland State Archives. 
  21. ^ Highway Information Services Division (December 31, 1999). Highway Location Reference. Maryland State Highway Administration. Retrieved November 10, 2016. 
  22. ^ Highway Information Services Division (December 31, 2014). Highway Location Reference. Maryland State Highway Administration. Retrieved November 10, 2016. 
  23. ^ Betterton, MD quadrangle (Map) (1948 ed.). 1:24,000. 7.5 Minute Series (Topographic). United States Geological Survey. Retrieved April 15, 2017. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Google

KML is from Wikidata