Marylebone (UK Parliament constituency)

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Marylebone
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18321885
Number of members two
Replaced by Marylebone East, Marylebone West, Paddington North, Paddington South, St Pancras East, St Pancras North, St Pancras South and St Pancras West
Created from Middlesex

Marylebone was a parliamentary constituency in Middlesex, England from 1832 to 1885. The parliamentary borough formed part of the built up area of London, and returned two members to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The constituency was created under the Reform Act 1832 and divided under the Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885 into eight single member divisions (see below for details).

Boundaries[edit]

Marylebone in the Metropolitan area, showing boundaries used from 1868 to 1885.

Marylebone was one of five parliamentary boroughs in the metropolitan area of London enfranchised in 1832.[1] The constituency was defined as consisting of three civil parishes in Middlesex:[2]

The commissioners appointed to fix parliamentary boundaries recommended that the part of St Pancras parish north of the Regent's Canal should not form part of the constituency and should remain in the parliamentary county of Middlesex as this was still a largely rural area.[3] The inhabitants of St. Pancras, however, petitioned parliament for the inclusion of the entire parish, and this was accepted.[4]

In 1885 the parliamentary borough was split into eight new single-member divisions. These were Marylebone East, Marylebone West, Paddington North, Paddington South, St. Pancras East, St. Pancras North, St. Pancras South and St. Pancras West.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election First member First party Second member Second party
1832 Edward Berkeley Portman Liberal Sir William Horne Liberal
1833 by-election Sir Samuel St. Swithin Burden Whalley 1 Liberal
1835 Sir Henry Lytton Earle Bulwer Liberal
1837 Sir Benjamin Hall, Bt Liberal
1838 by-election The Lord Teignmouth 2 Conservative
1841 Sir Charles Napier Liberal
1847 Lord Dudley Coutts Stuart Liberal
1854 by-election Viscount Ebrington Liberal
December 1859 by-election Edwin James Liberal
July 1859 by-election The Lord Fermoy 2 Liberal
1861 by-election John Harvey Lewis Liberal
1865 Sir Thomas Chambers Liberal
1874 William Forsyth Conservative
1880 Daniel Grant Liberal
1885 constituency abolished

Notes

  • 1 Election of Whalley in 1837 declared void on petition, as he could not prove his eligibility.
  • 2 A peer of Ireland.

Elections[edit]

Turnout, in multi-member elections, is estimated by dividing the number of votes by two. To the extent that electors did not use both their votes, the figure given will be an underestimate.

Change is calculated for individual candidates, when a party had more than one candidate in an election or the previous one. When a party had only one candidate in an election and the previous one change is calculated for the party vote.

Elections in the 1830s[edit]

General Election 1832: Marylebone (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Edward Portman 4,317 39.1 N/A
Whig William Horne 3,320 30.1 N/A
Radical Samuel Whalley 2,165 19.6 N/A
Chartist Thomas Murphy 913 8.3 N/A
Radical Leslie Grove Jones 316 2.9 N/A
Marylebone by-election 1833
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Radical Samuel Whalley 2,869 48.7 +29.1
Conservative Henry Thomas Hope 2,055 34.9 N/A
Whig Charles Augustus Murray 791 13.4 -16.7
Chartist Thomas Murphy 172 2.9 -5.4

† Murray was the government-approved candidate, but withdrew from the contest prior to the completion of polling.[5][6]

  • Constituency abolished (1885)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Representation of the People Act 1832 c.45 Sch.L
  2. ^ Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832 c.64 Sch.O
  3. ^ Commissioners on Proposed Division of Counties and Boundaries of Boroughs (1832). Parliamentary representation: further return to an address to His Majesty, dated 12 December, 1831; for copies of instructions given by the Secretary of State for the Home department with reference to Parliamentary representation; likewise copies of letters of reports received by the Secretary of state for the Home department in answer to such instructions. London. p. 118. 
  4. ^ "House of Commons Debates 8 May 1832 vol 12 c752". Hansard 1803-2005. 
  5. ^ "Mr Murray Resigns". The Times. 19 March 1833. p. 5. 
  6. ^ Brooke, James Williamson (1839). The Democrats of Marylebone. London: William Jones Cleaver. pp. 144–145. 

External links[edit]