Marzahn-Hellersdorf

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Marzahn-Hellersdorf
Flag of Marzahn-Hellersdorf
Coat of arms of Marzahn-Hellersdorf
Location of Marzahn-Hellersdorf in Berlin
Berlin Bezirk Marzahn-Hellersdorf (labeled).svg
Marzahn-Hellersdorf is located in Germany
Marzahn-Hellersdorf
Marzahn-Hellersdorf
Marzahn-Hellersdorf is located in Berlin
Marzahn-Hellersdorf
Marzahn-Hellersdorf
Coordinates: 52°32′N 13°35′E / 52.533°N 13.583°E / 52.533; 13.583Coordinates: 52°32′N 13°35′E / 52.533°N 13.583°E / 52.533; 13.583
CountryGermany
StateBerlin
CityBerlin
Subdivisions5 localities
Government
 • MayorGordon Lemm (SPD)
Area
 • Total61.74 km2 (23.84 sq mi)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[1]
 • Total273,731
 • Density4,400/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationB
WebsiteOfficial homepage

Marzahn-Hellersdorf (German: [maʁˈt͡saːn ˈhɛlɐsdɔʁf] (listen)) is the tenth borough of Berlin, formed in 2001 by merging the former boroughs of Marzahn and Hellersdorf.

Geography[edit]

It is situated in the northeast of Berlin. Marzahn-Hellersdorf borders to the Berlin boroughs of Lichtenberg in the west and Treptow-Köpenick in the south as well as to the Brandenburg municipalities of Ahrensfelde in the north and Hoppegarten and Neuenhagen in the east.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2010, the borough had a total population 248,264, of whom about 30,000 (12%) were of non-German origin. Therefore, it is considered to be the least ethnically diverse borough of Berlin with the highest percentage of (Ethnic) Germans. Although the immigrant minority is relatively small, the borough has a higher concentration of Russia-born, Kazakhstan-born (e.g. Volga Germans) and Vietnamese people as compared to other parts of the city.[2] Recently, there has been a significant influx of people with Middle Eastern and Muslim background.

Percentage of the population with migration background[3]
Germans without migration background 88 % (218.500)
Germans with migration background + Foreigners 12 % (30.000)
- Middle Eastern/Muslim migration background (Turkey, Arab League, Iran etc.) 3,1% (7.800)
- Russian background 2,7% (6.900)
- Kazakh background 2,0% (5.200)
- Vietnamese background 1,2% (3.100)
- Others (EU-Europeans, other East Asians, Afro-Germans etc.) 6,1% (14.800)

Subdivision[edit]

Subdivisions of Marzahn-Hellersdorf

The borough consists of five former villages which all became part of Greater Berlin in 1920:

History[edit]

Each of the five districts the borough consists of originally came from one administrative district called "Landkreis Niederbarnim" and were incorporated into the city due to the establishment of Greater Berlin in 1920. Together with the two other boroughs Lichtenberg and Friedrichsfelde, they formed the borough Lichtenberg until 1979. At the end of the 1970s especially the district Marzahn grew as a result of the building of the developing area Marzahn. Consequently, Marzahn was formed out of the five districts the borough consists of today in 1979.

As a result of the building of two more developing areas (Hellersdorf and Kaulsdorf) the number of inhabitants increased so that the borough Hellersdorf was founded out of the three districts Hellersdorf, Kaulsdorf and Mahlsdorf on 1 June 1986. The borough remained independent until 2001.

In view of whole Berlin, Marzahn-Hellersdorf shows the biggest changes concerning demography. In 1991 the average age of the two boroughs reached a number of 30,5 years which increased to 39,6 years due to the migration of the younger people.

Politics[edit]

District council[edit]

The governing body of Marzahn-Hellersdorf is the district council (Bezirksverordnetenversammlung). It has responsibility for passing laws and electing the city government, including the mayor. The most recent district council election was held on 26 September 2021, and the results were as follows:

Party Lead candidate Votes % +/- Seats +/-
Christian Democratic Union (CDU) Nadja Zivkovic 28,430 20.8 Increase 3.5 12 Increase 1
Social Democratic Party (SPD) Gordon Lemm 27,742 20.3 Increase 2.0 12 Increase 1
The Left (LINKE) Juliane Witt 27,233 19.9 Decrease 6.1 11 Decrease 5
Alternative for Germany (AfD) Jeannette Auricht 23,108 16.9 Decrease 6.3 10 Decrease 5
Alliance 90/The Greens (Grüne) Chantal Münster 9,455 6.9 Increase 2.3 4 Increase 2
Free Democratic Party (FDP) Anja Molnar 7,258 5.3 Decrease 2.8 3 Increase 3
Tierschutzpartei Ina Seidel-Grothe 6,858 5.0 New 3 New
Die PARTEI 3,146 2.3 New 0 New
dieBasis 2,365 1.7 New 0 New
The Humanists 747 0.5 New 0 New
National Democratic Party 557 0.4 Decrease 1.2 0 ±0
Valid votes 136,899 98.7
Invalid votes 1,742 1.3
Total 138,641 100.0 55 ±0
Electorate/voter turnout 210,618 65.8 Increase 6.8
Source: Elections Berlin

District government[edit]

The district mayor (Bezirksbürgermeister) is elected by the Bezirksverordnetenversammlung, and positions in the district government (Bezirksamt) are apportioned based on party strength. Gordon Lemm of the SPD was elected mayor on 4 November 2021. Since the 2021 municipal elections, the composition of the district government is as follows:

Councillor Party Portfolio
Gordon Lemm SPD District Mayor
Civil Service, Finance, Staff, Economic Development and Planning
Nadja Zivkovic CDU Deputy Mayor
Social Affairs
Juliane Witt LINKE Urban Development, Roads, Green Spaces and Environment
Nicole Bienge SPD Youth and Health
Torsten Kühne CDU Education, Sport, Culture and Logistics
Vacant AfD Public Order
Source: Berlin.de

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Marzahn-Hellersdorf is twinned with:[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Einwohnerinnen und Einwohner im Land Berlin am 31. Dezember 2020" (PDF). Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg. February 2021.
  2. ^ "Seite wird geladen" (PDF).
  3. ^ "Seite wird geladen" (PDF).
  4. ^ "Städtepartnerschaften". berlin.de (in German). Berlin. 21 May 2019. Retrieved 8 February 2021.

External links[edit]