Mas Subramanian

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Mas Subramanian
Photo of Mas Subramanian.jpg
Born Munirpallam Appadorai Subramanian
(1954-02-28)28 February 1954
Madras (Chennai), India
Other names M.A. Subramanian
Alma mater
Scientific career
Fields Chemistry, Materials Science

Mas Subramanian (born 28 February 1954), born Munirpallam Appadorai Subramanian and his research also often credited under M. A. Subramanian or Munirpallam Subramanian, is a solid-state chemist at Oregon State University in Corvallis, Oregon, and currently holds the Milton Harris Chair Professor of Materials Science in the Department of Chemistry. His work in solid-state chemistry on structure-property relationships of inorganic compounds has led to the discovery of novel functional materials, many of which have found usage in modern devices. Subramanian has authored more than 300 research publications and holds 56 patents. His publications have received >23,000 citations (h-index > 60).

Early life and education[edit]

Subramanian was born and raised in Chennai.[1] Subramanian received his B.S. in Chemistry from the University of Madras, in 1975 and received a M.S in Inorganic Chemistry from the same university in 1977. Subramanian's master's thesis featured analysis of various minerals and alloy compounds.[2] In 1982 Mas completed his Ph.D in Solid State Chemistry on pyrochlore oxides at the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, India, under the guidance of the late Professor G. V. Subba Rao. The introduction to his thesis is a pyrochlore review that remains his most cited work to date.[3] From 1982-1984 he was a Post Doctoral Fellow under the guidance of Abraham Clearfield at Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas.

Scientific career[edit]

In 1984, Subramanian joined the Central R&D department at the DuPont Experimental Station in Wilmington, Delaware.[4] He was eventually appointed as a DuPont Research Fellow. He has made numerous contributions to the fields of ceramics, superconductors, dielectrics, catalysis, thermoelectrics, multiferroics, ionic conductors, and organic synthesis. His notable discoveries include: zeolites as precursors to electronic ceramics,[5] new Bi and Tl-containing superconductors,[6] catalysts for Fischer-Tropsch synthesis,[7] and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs),[8] colossal dielectrics (CCTO),[9][10] colossal magnetoresistance (GMR) oxides,[11][12] and skutterudite thermoelectrics.[13] His work on fluoroaromatic synthesis[14] is one of his most notable achievements.

In 2006, Subramanian joined Oregon State University as the Milton Harris Chair Professor of Materials Science, where his research is dedicated to the design and synthesis of novel functional materials for emerging applications in energy, environment, and electronics. He has published more than 100 scientific articles since while at Oregon State University, on topics such as pigments, thermoelectrics, high-temperature superconductivity, magnetoresistivity, solid fast ion conductors, high-K dielectrics, and topological insulators. In 2009, his team discovered a novel durable blue pigment, YInMn Blue,[15] the first discovery of a new blue pigment since cobalt was discovered in 1802.[1][16] Subramanian has given several public lectures all over the world on YInMn Blue, including TEDxSalem[17] and TEDxUNC[18]. This discovery has been featured in various international media outlets (such as The New York Times, TIME, National Geographic, Smithsonian[19], Bloomberg Businessweek[20], and WBUR[21]), and has attracted global attention from corporations and museums, like Nike, Crayola, and the Harvard Art Museum.

Subramanian has served as a member of the editorial board for the Journal of Materials Chemistry (1995-2001), Chemistry of Materials (2000-2006), Materials Research Bulletin (2006–present), and the Journal of Solid State Chemistry (2009–present), and is continues to serve as an editor for two international academic journals, Solid State Sciences, and Progress in Solid State Chemistry.

Honors and awards[edit]

  • DuPont Charles Pedersen Medal Award for Excellence in Scientific and Technical Achievement, 2004
  • Signature Faculty Fellow for the Oregon Nanoscience and Microtechnologies Institute (ONAMI), 2006–present
  • Chair of Excellence, CRISMAT, Caen, France, (2006-2008)
  • Ralf Busch Materials Science Award, OSU (2007)
  • Chair of the Gordon Research Conference on Solid State Chemistry, 2010
  • Gordon Research Conference (GRC) Hall of Fame, 2011
  • Chemical Research Society of India (CRSI) Medal, 2012
  • NSF Creativity Award, 2012
  • F.A. Gilfillan Memorial Award for Distinguished Scholarship in Science (OSU), 2013
  • Oregon Academy of Science Outstanding Oregon Scientist, 2016
  • Distinguished Alumnus Award, IIT Madras, 2018


  1. ^ a b Schonbrun, Zach. "The Quest for the Next Billion-Dollar Color". Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  2. ^ "Biography - Mas Subramanian Oral History Interview - September 30, 2015 - Special Collections & Archives Research Center, Oregon State University Libraries". Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  3. ^ Subramanian, M. A.; Aravamudan, G.; Subba Rao, G. V. (1983-01-01). "Oxide pyrochlores — A review". Progress in Solid State Chemistry. 15 (2): 55–143. doi:10.1016/0079-6786(83)90001-8.
  4. ^ "C&EN: CHEMISTRY HIGHLIGHTS 2002 - ORGANIC CHEMISTRY". Retrieved 2016-07-10.
  5. ^ Subramanian, M. A.; Corbin, D. R.; Chowdhry, U. (1993-12-01). "Better ceramic substrates through zeolites". Bulletin of Materials Science. 16 (6): 665–678. doi:10.1007/BF02757661. ISSN 0250-4707.
  6. ^ Subramanian, M. A.; Calabrese, J. C.; Torardi, C. C.; Gopalakrishnan, J.; Askew, T. R.; Flippen, R. B.; Morrissey, K. J.; Chowdhry, U.; Sleight, A. W. (1988-03-31). "Crystal structure of the high-temperature superconductor TI2Ba2CaCu2O8". Nature. 332 (6163): 420–422. doi:10.1038/332420a0.
  7. ^ Herron, Norman; Manzer, Leo E.; Subramanian, Munirpallam A. (9 Apr 2002), Fischer-Tropsch processes and catalysts using fluorided supports, retrieved 2016-07-10
  8. ^ Mallikarjuna, Rao V. N.; Subramanian, Munirpallam A. (29 February 2000), Fluoroolefin manufacturing process, retrieved 2016-07-10
  9. ^ Subramanian, M. A.; Li, Dong; Duan, N.; Reisner, B. A.; Sleight, A. W. (2000-05-01). "High Dielectric Constant in ACu3Ti4O12 and ACu3Ti3FeO12 Phases". Journal of Solid State Chemistry. 151 (2): 323–325. doi:10.1006/jssc.2000.8703.
  10. ^ Li, J.; Subramanian, M. A.; Rosenfeld, H. D.; Jones, C. Y.; Toby, B. H.; Sleight, A. W. (2004-12-01). "Clues to the Giant Dielectric Constant of CaCu3Ti4O12 in the Defect Structure of "SrCu3Ti4O12"". Chemistry of Materials. 16 (25): 5223–5225. doi:10.1021/cm048345u. ISSN 0897-4756.
  11. ^ Subramanian, M. A.; Toby, B. H.; Ramirez, A. P.; Marshall, W. J.; Sleight, A. W.; Kwei, G. H. (1996-07-05). "Colossal Magnetoresistance Without Mn3+/Mn4+ Double Exchange in the Stoichiometric Pyrochlore Tl2Mn2O7". Science. 273 (5271): 81–84. doi:10.1126/science.273.5271.81. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 8688054.
  12. ^ Ramirez, A. P.; Subramanian, M. A. (1997-07-25). "Large Enhancement of Magnetoresistance in Tl2Mn2O7: Pyrochlore Versus Perovskite". Science. 277 (5325): 546–549. doi:10.1126/science.277.5325.546. ISSN 0036-8075.
  13. ^ He, Tao; Chen, Jiazhong; Rosenfeld, H. David; Subramanian, M. A. (2006-02-01). "Thermoelectric Properties of Indium-Filled Skutterudites". Chemistry of Materials. 18 (3): 759–762. doi:10.1021/cm052055b. ISSN 0897-4756.
  14. ^ Subramanian, M. A.; Manzer, L. E. (2002-09-06). "A "Greener" Synthetic Route for Fluoroaromatics via Copper (II) Fluoride". Science. 297 (5587): 1665–1665. doi:10.1126/science.1076397. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 12215637.
  15. ^ Smith, Andrew E.; Mizoguchi, Hiroshi; Delaney, Kris; Spaldin, Nicola A.; Sleight, Arthur W.; Subramanian, M. A. "Mn 3+ in Trigonal Bipyramidal Coordination: A New Blue Chromophore". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 131 (47): 17084–17086. doi:10.1021/ja9080666. PMID 19899792.
  16. ^ "How the Accidental Discovery of YInMn Blue Changed One Chemist's Life | artnet News". artnet News. 2017-06-19. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  17. ^ TEDx Talks (2018-04-05), A new color comes from out of the blue | Mas Subramanian | TEDxSalem, retrieved 2018-05-28
  18. ^ TEDx Talks (2018-03-26), YInMn Blues: The Discovery that Startled the World! | Mas Subramanian | TEDxUNC, retrieved 2018-05-28
  19. ^ Katz, Brigit. "Crayola to Debut Crayon Inspired by New Shade of Blue". Smithsonian. Retrieved 2018-05-28.
  20. ^ Schonbrun, Zach. "The Quest for the Next Billion-Dollar Color". Retrieved 2018-05-28.
  21. ^ "Discovery Of 1st New Blue Pigment In 200 Years Leads To Quest For Elusive Red". Retrieved 2018-05-28.

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