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Map of Pampanga showing the location of Masantol
|Region||Central Luzon (Region III)|
|• Mayor||Danilo Sonza Guintu|
|• Vice Mayor||Alvin Ignacio|
|• Total||48.25 km2 (18.63 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||2nd class|
Masantol is a second class municipality in the province of Pampanga, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 52,407 people. The town is named after the santol trees that used to grow abundantly in the area.
The town got its name from the fruit tree, either because there was a proliferation of santol trees in the area, or because the town was where santol fruits were heavily bartered (Kapampangans being fond of 'sinigang' dish).
A legend of how the town got its name goes like this: 'A Spanish missionary came to the town for the first time. Upon reaching a roadside corner store, he parked his horse-driven vehicle and inquired from the store keeper the name of the place. A middle-aged woman vendor, believing that the Spanish priest was asking for the name of the fruits she was selling, readily responded in broken Spanish language, Padre, todos dulce Masantol. The priest took from his pocket a pencil and a small diary and wrote down the word mas santol, referring to the name of the place he has visited. At the time, the locality abounded with santol trees, and santol fruits were in season when the priest visited the place.'
Tarik Sulayman was an indigenous leader from the Masantol area who refused to ally with the Spaniards and therefore mounted an attack against the Spanish forces of Miguel López de Legazpi during the Battle of Bankusay Channel on June 3, 1571. The Macabebe forces were defeated, and Tarik Sulayman himself was killed. Consequently, this victory enabled the Spaniards to establish themselves throughout the city and its neighboring towns.
Originally named San Miguel de Masantol and a part of the town of Macabebe, three of the town's leading patriarchs - Manuel Fajardo, Gregorio Bautista, and Juan Lacap - filed a motion on June 26, 1877, to separate the barrios of Bebe, Bulacus, Caingin and Nigui from Macabebe thereby creating a new Spanish pueblo called San Miguel. This new pueblo was approved by Spanish Governor General Domingo Moriones y Murillo and was inaugurated on May 1, 1878. On November 30, 1893, the Catholic Parish of San Miguel was formally acknowledged through a Royal Decree. For a while it came to be known San Miguel Masantol, until popular usage reverted it to the original name.
On July 26, 1904, Masantol once more became part of Macabebe. However, in 1907, Masantol was again reinstated as a separate independent municipality and this lasted up to the present.
On January 7, 2008, one person drowned, another missing and 40 others were injured due to electric shocks, when a live cable hit the floating pagoda boat in the fluvial festival at Barangay alauli, Masantol, in honor of Virgen La Purisima Concepcion.
Colonization, Resistance, Batalla
Miguel López de Legazpi was searching for a suitable place to establish the Spanish colonial capital after being forced to leave first Cebu and then Iloilo by Portuguese pirates. In 1570, Martin de Goiti and Captain Juan de Salcedo, with food stocks diminishing, discovered a sultanate on Luzon and saw its potential. De Goiti anchored at "Kingdom of Katagalugan" Cavite, and tried to establish his authority peaceably by sending a message of friendship to "new Kingdom of Selurong" known as Maynila. Rajah Sulayman , its ruler, was willing to accept the friendship that the Spaniards were offering, but did not want to submit to its sovereignty. Thus, Sulayman declared war. As a result, De Goiti and his army attacked "Selurong" Maynila on June 1570. After a stout fight, Sulayman and his men were forced to flee uphill. After the Spaniards had left, the natives returned.
In 1571, the Spaniards returned with their entire force consisting of 280 Spaniards and 600 native allies, this time led by Legazpi himself. Seeing the Spanish approaching, the natives set the city on fire and fled to the Kingdom of Tondo. The Spaniards occupied the ruins of "Selurong" Maynila and established a settlement there. On May 19, 1571, Legaspi gave the title city to the colony of Manila. The title was certified on June 19, 1572.
A Kapampangan chieftain of the Macabebean tribe, later identified as Tarik Sulayman, refused to submit to the Spaniards and, after failing to gain the support of King of Tondo and Sabag Rajah Lakandula , King of Namayan Rajah Matanda and the Kapampangan People of Hagonoy, Bulacan, Macabebean gathered a force composed of Kapampangan warriors].
- Batalla / Battle
The Batalla de [Battle] Bankusay on June 3, 1571 marked the last resistance by locals to the occupation and colonization by the Spanish Empire of Manila, the Philippines. Tarik Sulayman, the chief of Macabebes, refused to ally with the Spanish and decided to mount an attack at Bankusay Channel on Spanish forces, led by Miguel López de Legazpi. Sulayman's forces were defeated, and he was killed. The Spanish victory in Bankusay and Legaspi's alliance with Lakandula of Kingdom of Tondo, enabled the Spaniards to establish themselves throughout the city and its neighboring towns.
- Bebe Anac
- Bebe Matua
- San Agustin (Caingin)
- Santa Monica (Caingin)
- Sagrada (Tibagin)
- San Isidro Anac
- San Isidro Matua (Pob.)
- San Nicolas (Pob.)
- San Pedro
- Santa Cruz
- Santa Lucia Matua
- Santa Lucia Paguiaba
- Santa Lucia Wakas
- Santa Lucia Anac (Pob.)
- Sapang Kawayan
- Santo Niño
- Bebe Arabia
- Sagrada 2 (sagrada dos)
|Population census of Masantol|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
The majority of the population are members of the Catholic church and each village or barangay has its own fiesta. The main Roman Catholic parish church of the town is the San Miguel Parish Church in Barangay San Nicolas, established in the late 20th-century.
- 95% One Holy Apostolic Catholic Church (Christian) (Roman rite)
- 4% Evangelical, Pentecostal, Presbyterian, Mormons, Protestant ect. (Christian Denomination)
- 0.70% Iglesia Ni Cristo
- 0.20% Islam (Sunni, Shia)
- 0.10% others/non-believers/atheist
Masantol is home to several primary and secondary schools, among them are:
- Bagang Elem. School
- San Miguel Academy Semi-Catholic School (Christian School)
- Holy Child of Mary Academy Semi-Catholic School (Christian School)
- Masantol Elementary School (Masantol Central Elementary School)
- Masantol High School
- Masantol High School Annex in Sagrada (Tarik Suliman High School)
- St. Michael The Archangel Archdiocesan Parochial School Exclusive Catholic School(Masantol Parochial School)
- Pampanga Institute - 1st high school institution in town of Masantol
- Masantol High School Annex -(Malauli High School)
- Caingin Elem. School
- Palimpe Elem. School
- Bebe Anac Elem. School
- Bebe Matua Elem School
- Puti Elem. School
- Sagrada Elem. School
- Sua Elem. School
- San Isidro Elem. School
- Balibago Elem. School
- sta.lucia elem school
- Batalla San Miguel Arkangel (Apung Migue) - May 8, All Masantolenos
- Viva Sto. Nino - every last Sunday of January. - Brgy. Sto. Nino
- Batalla Santa Monica - May 4. - Brgy. Santa Monica Caingin
- Batalla San Roque de Montpelier (Apung Duque) - August 15,16,17 Barrio Bebe Arabia Brgy. Bebe Anac
- Batalla San Roque (Apung Duque) - 3rd or 4th Sunday of April - Barrio Bebe Centro, Brgy. Bebe Anac
- Batalla San Roque de Montpelier (Apung Duque) - August 15,16,17 Brgy. Bebe Matua
- Fiesta de San Nicolas (Apung Culas) - May 12 and September 10 - Brgy. San Nicolas
- Feast of The HOLY ROSARY - every 2nd Saturday of October in BULACUS MASANTOL
- Batalla de Santa Lucia (Apung Lucia) - December 13 of the year. - Brgy. Santa Lucia Wakas, Matua, Anac
- Batalla de San Agustin (Apung Gustin)- August 28 Brgy. San Agustin Caingin
- Limbun at Libad or Labas Larawan (Celebration of the Saints) in each barrio/barangay celebrating their patron saint for ones a week in January.
- "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 1 July 2013. Retrieved 17 September 2013.
- "Province: Pampanga". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 12 December 2012.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 12 December 2012.
- Alejandro S. Camiling. "The Town of Masantol, Pampanga". Historical articles. andropampanga.com. Retrieved 13 December 2012.
- "The Town of Masantol, Pampanga". Andropampanga. 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-05.
- chinapost.com.tw, One drowns, 40 injured in Philippine boat mishap
- "Province of Pampanga". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
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