Mascarpone

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Mascarpone
Mascarpone 2.jpg
Mascarpone cream
Country of originItaly
Source of milkCow
TextureSoft
Related media on Wikimedia Commons

Mascarpone (/ˌmæskɑːrˈpn, -ni/, US also /ˌmɑːsk-/, Italian: [maskarˈpoːne]) is an Italian soft cheese made from cream and resembling cream cheese, that is coagulated by the addition of acidic substances such as lemon juice, vinegar, or citric acid.[1][2][3] It is recognized in Italy as a prodotto agroalimentare tradizionale (PAT) ("traditional agri-food product").[4]

Production process[edit]

After denaturation of the cream, the whey is removed without pressing or aging. Mascarpone also may be made using cream and the residual tartaric acid from the bottom or sides of barreled wine.

The traditional method is to use lemon juice at the rate of three tablespoons per pint of heated heavy cream. The cream is allowed to cool to room temperature before it is poured into a cheese cloth-lined colander, set into a shallow pan or dish, and chilled and strained for one to two days.[5]

Origins[edit]

Mascarpone originated in the area between Lodi and Abbiategrasso, Italy, southwest of Milan, probably in the late sixteenth or early seventeenth century. Popularly, the name is held to derive from mascarpa, an unrelated milk product made from the whey of stracchino (a young, barely aged cheese), or from mascarpia, a word in the local dialect for ricotta. Ricotta, unlike mascarpone, is made from milk rather than cream.

Uses[edit]

Mascarpone is milky-white in color and is easy to spread.[6] It is used in various Lombardy dishes and is considered a specialty in the region.[7]

Mascarpone is one of the main ingredients in the modern Italian dessert known as tiramisu.[8] Sometimes it is used instead of, or along with, butter or Parmesan cheese to thicken and enrich risotto.[9] Mascarpone also is used in cheesecake recipes.[10][11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mascarpone Artigianale" (in Italian). Archived from the original on 2 April 2012. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  2. ^ Turismo Provincia di Lodi (2004). "Mascarpone" (in Italian). Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  3. ^ Tessa Buratto (2010). "Mastering Mascarpone: What it takes to make a perfect batch of Mascarpone Cheese". San Luis Obispo, CA. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
  4. ^ Regione Lombardia. "Elenco dei prodotti agroalimentari tradizionali della Regione Lombardia – Quinta revisione" (in Italian). p. 6. Retrieved 22 September 2011.
  5. ^ David B. Fankhauser. "Making Mascarpone at Home". U.C. Clermont College-Batavia, OH. Archived from the original on 2007-04-09.
  6. ^ Lidia Matticchio Bastianich (27 October 2015). Lidia's Mastering the Art of Italian Cuisine: Everything You Need to Know to be a Great Italian Cook. Appetite by Random House. pp. 107–. ISBN 978-0-449-01623-7.
  7. ^ Luigi Veronelli (23 October 2012). Food of North Italy: Authentic Recipes from Piedmont, Lombardy, and Valle d'Aosta. Tuttle Publishing. pp. 31–. ISBN 978-1-4629-0976-6.
  8. ^ Jason Atherton (18 June 2015). Social Sweets. Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. 87–. ISBN 978-1-4729-2080-5.
  9. ^ Heston Blumenthal (2007). Further Adventures in Search of Perfection: Reinventing Kitchen Classics. Bloomsbury. pp. 140–. ISBN 978-0-7475-9405-5.
  10. ^ Barbara Fairchild (14 September 2010). Bon Appetit Desserts: The Cookbook for All Things Sweet and Wonderful. Andrews McMeel Publishing. pp. 191–. ISBN 978-1-4494-0200-6.
  11. ^ Victoria Wise (3 December 2004). The Pressure Cooker Gourmet: 225 Recipes for Great-Tasting, Long-Simmered Flavors in Just Minutes. Harvard Common Press. pp. 329–. ISBN 978-1-55832-201-1.

External links[edit]