Maschwanden

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Maschwanden
Maschwanden01.jpg
Coat of arms of Maschwanden
Coat of arms
Location of Maschwanden
Maschwanden is located in Switzerland
Maschwanden
Maschwanden
Maschwanden is located in Canton of Zurich
Maschwanden
Maschwanden
Coordinates: 47°14′N 8°26′E / 47.233°N 8.433°E / 47.233; 8.433Coordinates: 47°14′N 8°26′E / 47.233°N 8.433°E / 47.233; 8.433
CountrySwitzerland
CantonZurich
DistrictAffoltern
Area
 • Total4.67 km2 (1.80 sq mi)
Elevation
398 m (1,306 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[2]
 • Total656
 • Density140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Postal code
8933
SFOS number0008
Surrounded byCham (ZG), Hünenberg (ZG), Knonau, Mettmenstetten, Obfelden
Websitewww.maschwanden.ch
SFSO statistics

Maschwanden is a village in the district of Affoltern in the canton of Zürich in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Maschwanden is first mentioned in 1189 as Maswondon.[3] The Baron of Eschenbach owned a castle and the village, near the current municipality, at that time. However, in 1308 Walter von Eschenbach was present at the regicide of King Albert I of Germany near Windisch. In response to the murder, in 1309 the castle and village were both destroyed and never rebuilt. The ruins were located on a hill south-west of the modern village, which mostly consisted of gravel and was carried off during the 19th and 20th century.[4]

Geography[edit]

Maschwanden has an area of 4.7 km2 (1.8 sq mi). Of this area, 61.5% is used for agricultural purposes, while 24.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 8.3% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (6%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[5]

The municipality is located on the east banks of the Reuss River near the confluence of the Lorze River into the Reuss.

Demographics[edit]

Maschwanden has a population (as of 31 December 2018) of 656.[6] As of 2007, 4.5% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 12.8%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (97.8%), with Portuguese being second most common ( 0.7%) and Italian being third ( 0.5%).

In the 2007 election the most popular party was the SVP which received 45% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (21.4%), the CSP (14.6%) and the Green Party (7.2%).

The age distribution of the population (as of 2000) is children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 27.5% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 59.3% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 13.2%. About 81.4% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).

Maschwanden has an unemployment rate of 0.36%. As of 2005, there were 61 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 24 businesses involved in this sector. 12 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 4 businesses in this sector. 49 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 19 businesses in this sector.[5] The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1470 c. 120
1634 339
1786 507
1850 578
1900 493
1920 424
1950 470
1970 400
2000 553

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  3. ^ a b Maschwanden in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ Maschwanden website-History (in German) accessed 26 May 2010
  5. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 2016-01-05 at the Wayback Machine accessed 24-Jul-2009
  6. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 23 September 2019

External links[edit]