Masein

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For other uses, see Masein (disambiguation).
Masein
Masein.jpg
Coat of arms of Masein
Coat of arms
Masein is located in Switzerland
Masein
Masein
Masein is located in Canton of Graubünden
Masein
Masein
Coordinates: 46°42′N 9°25′E / 46.700°N 9.417°E / 46.700; 9.417Coordinates: 46°42′N 9°25′E / 46.700°N 9.417°E / 46.700; 9.417
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Viamala
Area[1]
 • Total 4.2 km2 (1.6 sq mi)
Elevation 865 m (2,838 ft)
Population (Dec 2015[2])
 • Total 475
 • Density 110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Postal code 7425
SFOS number 3663
Surrounded by Cazis, Flerden, Portein, Tartar, Thusis, Urmein
Website www.masein.ch
SFSO statistics

Masein (Romansh: Masagn) is a municipality in the Viamala Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

History[edit]

Masein is first mentioned in 1156 as de Medezenu.[3]

Geography[edit]

Masein has an area, as of 2006, of 4.2 km2 (1.6 sq mi). Of this area, 38.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 52% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 6% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (3.6%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[4]

Before 2017, the municipality was located in the Thusis sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district, after 2017 it was part of the Viamala Region.[5] It is located on the lower Heinzenberg and consists of the two settlements of Ober- and Unter-Masein and the hamlets of Dalaus, Cresta und Lochmüli.

Demographics[edit]

Masein has a population (as of 31 December 2015) of 475.[2] As of 2008, 2.8% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 2.9%.[4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 51.0% male and 49.0% female.[6] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Masein is; 46 people or 12.6% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 29 people or 7.9% are 10 to 14, and 37 people or 10.1% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 38 people or 10.4% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 60 people or 16.4% are 30 to 39, 70 people or 19.1% are 40 to 49, and 47 people or 12.8% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 21 people or 5.7% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 12 people or 3.3% are 70 to 79, there are 5 people or 1.4% who are 80 to 89, and there is 1 person who is 90 to 99.[7]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 37.7% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (33.6%), the FDP (14.8%) and the CVP (11.4%).[4]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Masein about 80.4% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[4]

Masein has an unemployment rate of 1.21%. As of 2005, there were 32 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 11 businesses involved in this sector. 3 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 2 businesses in this sector. 47 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 11 businesses in this sector.[4]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

year population
1803 198
1850 282
1900 228
1950 270
2000 366
2010 409

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (92.6%), with Romansh being second most common ( 3.3%) and Dutch being third ( 1.4%).[4]

Languages in Masein
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 188 82.82% 306 91.89% 339 92.62%
Romanish 26 11.45% 15 4.50% 12 3.28%
Italian 6 2.64% 3 0.90% 1 0.27%
Population 227 100% 333 100% 366 100%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2016
  3. ^ a b Masein in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 7 October 2009
  5. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz - Mutationsmeldungen 2016 accessed 16 February 2017
  6. ^ Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  7. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009


External links[edit]