Maserati 250F

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Maserati 250F
Maserati 250 F, Bj. 1957 (1977-08-14) Südkehre.jpg
CategoryFormula One
ConstructorMaserati
Designer(s)Gioacchino Colombo
Valerio Colotti
Technical specifications
ChassisAluminium tubular ladder frame
Suspension (front)Independent wishbone
Suspension (rear)De Dion tube
EngineMaserati 1954 – 2490 cc, straight 6
1957 – works cars – V12, naturally aspirated,
All models:front engine, longitudinally mounted
Transmission1954: Maserati 4 speed manual
1956: Stirnsi 5 speed manual
Fuel50% methanol, 35% petrol, 10% acetone, 4% benzol, 1% castor oil
TyresPirelli
Competition history
Notable entrantsOfficine Alfieri Maserati, Owen Racing Organisation, Equipe Moss/Stirling Moss Ltd
Notable driversArgentina Juan Manuel Fangio,
United Kingdom Stirling Moss
Debut1954 Argentine Grand Prix, J.M. Fangio, 1st
RacesWinsPolesF/Laps
468810
Constructors' Championships0 (Note that the Constructors' Championship was first awarded in 1958)
Drivers' Championships2
n.b. Unless otherwise stated, all data refer to
Formula One World Championship Grands Prix only.

The Maserati 250F was a racing car made by Maserati of Italy used in '2.5 litre' Formula One racing between January 1954 and November 1960. Twenty-six examples were made.

Mechanical details[edit]

The 250F principally used the SSG 220 bhp (@ 7400 rpm) 2.5-litre Maserati A6 straight-six engine, ribbed 13.4" drum brakes, wishbone independent front suspension, a De Dion tube axle, Borrani 16" & 17" wheels and Pirelli Stella Bianca tyres. It was built by Gioacchino Colombo, Vittorio Bellentani and Alberto Massimino; the tubular work was by Valerio Colotti. A streamlined version with bodywork which partially enclosed the wheels (similar to the 1954 Mercedes-Benz W196 "Typ Monza") was used in the 1956 French Grand Prix.[1]

Racing history[edit]

The 250F first raced in the 1954 Argentine Grand Prix where Juan Manuel Fangio won the first of his two victories before he left for the new Mercedes-Benz team. Fangio won the 1954 Drivers' World Championship, with points gained with both Maserati and Mercedes-Benz; Stirling Moss raced his own privately owned 250F for the full 1954 season. Prince Bira was another driver favouring the 250F.

In 1955 a 5-speed gearbox; SU fuel injection (240 bhp) and Dunlop disc brakes were introduced. Jean Behra drove this in a five-member works team which included Luigi Musso.

In 1956 Stirling Moss won the Monaco and Italian Grands Prix, both in a works car.

In 1956 three 250F T2 cars first appeared for the works drivers. Developed by Giulio Alfieri using lighter steel tubes they sported a slimmer, stiffer body and sometimes the new 315 bhp (235 kW) V12 engine, although it offered little or no real advantage over the older straight 6. It was later developed into the 3 litre V12 that won two races powering the Cooper T81 and T86 from 1966 to 1969, the final "Tipo 10" variant of the engine having three valves and two spark plugs per cylinder.

In 1957 Juan Manuel Fangio drove to four more championship victories, including his final win at German Grand Prix at the Nürburgring (Aug. 4, 1957), where he overcame a 48-second deficit in 22 laps, passing the race leader, Mike Hawthorn, on the final lap to take the win. In doing so he broke the lap record at the Nürburgring, 10 times.

By the 1958 season, the 250F was totally outclassed by the new rear engined F1 cars. However, the car remained a favourite with the privateers, including Maria Teresa de Filippis, and was used by back markers through the 1960 F1 season, the last for the 2.5 litre formula.

In total, the 250F competed in 46 Formula One championship races with 277 entries, leading to eight wins. Success was not limited to World Championship events with 250F drivers winning many non-championship races around the world.

Stirling Moss later said that the 250F was the best front-engined F1 car he drove.[2]

World Championship wins[edit]

Year Race Circuit Driver
1954 Argentina Argentine Grand Prix Autódromo 17 de Octubre Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio
Belgium Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio
1956 Monaco Monaco Grand Prix Monte Carlo United Kingdom Stirling Moss
Italy Italian Grand Prix Monza United Kingdom Stirling Moss
1957 Argentina Argentine Grand Prix Autódromo 17 de Octubre Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio
Monaco Monaco Grand Prix Monte Carlo Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio
France French Grand Prix Rouen-Les-Essarts Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio
Germany German Grand Prix Nürburgring Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio

Non-World Championship wins[edit]

Year Race Circuit Driver
Non-World Championship wins
1954 United Kingdom II Curtis Trophy Snetterton United Kingdom Roy Salvadori
Italy XIII Rome Grand Prix Castelfusano Argentina Onofre Marimón
United Kingdom I International Gold Cup Goodwood United Kingdom Stirling Moss
Italy XXIII Pescara Grand Prix Pescara Italy Luigi Musso
United Kingdom VII Goodwood Trophy Goodwood United Kingdom Stirling Moss
United Kingdom I Daily Telegraph Trophy Goodwood United Kingdom Stirling Moss
1955 France XVI Pau Grand Prix Pau France Jean Behra
United Kingdom I Glover Trophy Goodwood United Kingdom Roy Salvadori
France IV Bordeaux Grand Prix Bordeaux France Jean Behra
United Kingdom VII BRDC International Trophy Goodwood United Kingdom Peter Collins
France XVII Albi Grand Prix Albi France André Simon
United Kingdom III Curtis Trophy Snetterton United Kingdom Roy Salvadori
United Kingdom III London Trophy Crystal Palace United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn
United Kingdom III Daily Record Trophy Charterhall United Kingdom Bob Gerard
United Kingdom II Daily Telegraph Trophy Aintree United Kingdom Roy Salvadori
United Kingdom II International Gold Cup Oulton Park United Kingdom Stirling Moss
1956 United Kingdom IV Glover Trophy Goodwood United Kingdom Stirling Moss
United Kingdom XI BARC Aintree 200 Aintree United Kingdom Stirling Moss
United Kingdom I Aintree 100 Aintree United Kingdom Horace Gould
United Kingdom I Vanwall Trophy Snetterton United Kingdom Horace Gould
France IV Caen Grand Prix Circuit de la Prairie United States Harry Schell
1957 Argentina XI Buenos Aires Grand Prix Autódromo Oscar Alfredo Gálvez Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio
France XVII Pau Grand Prix Pau France Jean Behra
Italy V Modena Grand Prix Modena France Jean Behra
Morocco VI Grand Prix de Maroc Ain-Diab Circuit France Jean Behra

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Grand Prix Data Book, David Hayhoe & David Holland, 2006
  2. ^ bitsmartuk (13 May 2008). "Martin Brundle drives a Maserati 250f". Archived from the original on 2021-12-14. Retrieved 13 April 2018 – via YouTube.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Hall, Andy (1990). Maserati 250F: A Technical Appraisal. Foulis motoring book series. Sparkford, Somerset, England; Newbury Park, CA, USA: Haynes Publishing. ISBN 0854298037.
  • David McKinney, Maserati 250F,

External links[edit]