Mashhour Ahmed Mashhour

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Engineer Mashhour Ahmed Mashhour (Arabic: مشهور أحمد مشهور) (April 1, 1918 – July 6, 2008) was the Chairman of the Suez Canal Authority (October 1965 – December 1983)


Mashhour was born in April 1918 in Al-Saadieen Village in Al-Sharqia Governorate, Egypt for a big family of many siblings, one of his brothers is Dr. Abdel hay Mashhour.

His father Ahmed Mashhour was the mayor of Al-saadeyeen village and his mother Zuhra Zada was a housewife.


  • Graduated from the Faculty of Engineering, Fouad I University (now known as Cairo University) in 1942; then he joined the Army Corps of Engineers in 1943 and graduated as a military officer engineer.[1]
  • Became a Member of the Free Officers group and played a role in the Egyptian Revolution of 1952.
  • Was among the group assigned by the Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser for the nationalization of the Suez Canal, headed by Engineer Mahmoud Younis in 1956.
  • After the nationalization of the Suez Canal in 1956, he was assigned the director of the movements in the Suez Canal Authority, then took over the chairmanship of the Suez Canal in October 1965.

The Chairman of Suez Canal Authority (14 October 1965 till 31 December 1983).[2]

  • Engineer Mashhour was one of the most significant chairmen of the Suez Canal, as he has witnessed very critical periods of Suez Canal history, the thing that made some call him "The man of the difficult missions".[3]
  • Some of the major events that he witnessed as the Chairman of Suez Canal include:

-The re-opening of the Suez Canal on 5 June 1975, after it has been closed upon the 1967 Arab-Israeli war.

-In 1973, during the war, the canal was the scene of a major crossing by the Egyptian army into Israeli-occupied Sinai, and much wreckage from this conflict remained along the canal's edges.

  • Besides being the Chairman of the Suez Canal Authority, he participated in the social life in Ismailia governorate to be elected a member of the Egyptian parliament for the province of Ismailia in 1976 until 1979 and secretary of the National Democratic Party during the same period. He had occupied different positions including The President of the Arab Society for Mining and Petroleum, a member of the board of Egypt-Iran Bank and a member of the National Council for Production.
  • He obtained the degree of deputy prime minister in 1980.


Engineer Mashhour was granted a lot of medals and accolades throughout his life.

  • He was granted the Order of the Nile (Kiladate El Nile)[4] by the president Anwar Sadat, which is Egypt's highest state honor, granted to the heads of state and those who rendered great services on the national or human level.
  • The Republic Military Decoration, first Class.
  • The Order of Merit, first Class.
  • The Order of the Republic, first Class.
  • The Order of Liberation.
  • The Medal of Palestine.
  • The medal of the Republic, third degree, and lots more.

He was also granted a number of accolades from different countries worldwide, including:


Engineer Mashhour belongs to Mashhour family, one of the famous families in Egypt. He was married to Aziza Mashhour and they had four children and ten grandchildren.


On July 6, 2008 he died in Cairo, Egypt at the age of 91, and a solemn military funeral was held and led by Ahmed Nazif, the Egyptian Prime Minister who attended on behalf of President Mubarak.