Mashi language

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Native toZambia, Angola and DRC Congo
Native speakers
22,000 (2000–2010)[1]
  • Mashi
  • North Kwandu
  • South Kwandu
Language codes
ISO 639-3Either:
mho – Mashi
xdo – Kwandu

Mashi (Kamaxi), or Kwandu, is a Bantu language of Zambia, Bukavu, Congo and Angola. It was assigned by Guthrie to Bantu group K.30, which Pfouts (2003) established as part of the Kavango–Southwest branch of Bantu.[4] Though not specifically addressed, Mashi may be in that family as well.

The people who speak Mashi are known as Bashi. They are the largest tribe in South Kivu, whose capital city is Bukavu.

The Bashi occupy a vast region known as Bushi. Like Ngweshe, Kabare, Katana, Luhuinja, Burhinyi, Kaziba, Nyengezi, and Idjui where the Bahavu who are also part of this group, Idjui is an island in Kivu lake between DRC and Rwanda.


  1. ^ Mashi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Kwandu at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Mashi (Zambia)". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online
  4. ^ Nurse & Phillipson 2003