Mashtots Hayrapet Church of Garni

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Mashtots Hayrapet Church
Մաշտոց Հայրապետ եկեղեցի
Garni Mashtots Hayrapet Church.JPG
Mashtots Hayrapet Church, September 2009.
Religion
AffiliationArmenian Apostolic Church
Location
LocationGarni, Kotayk Province,  Armenia
Mashtots Hayrapet Church of Garni is located in Armenia
Mashtots Hayrapet Church of Garni
Shown within Armenia
Geographic coordinates40°07′09″N 44°44′16″E / 40.119233°N 44.737675°E / 40.119233; 44.737675Coordinates: 40°07′09″N 44°44′16″E / 40.119233°N 44.737675°E / 40.119233; 44.737675
Architecture
Architectural typeSmall cruciform central-plan
Architectural styleArmenian
Completed12th century
Dome(s)1

Mashtots Hayrapet (Armenian: Մաշտոց Հայրապետ եկեղեցի; also Pok'r meaning "Little") is a church located within the village of Garni in the Kotayk Province of Armenia. It was built in the 12th century at the site of what was a pagan shrine. A stone carved from red tufa is situated at the right of the entrance upon a low rock wall. It has on it the design of a bird perched on a floral stem with the rosette of eternity under its tail. The rosette is also a distinctive pagan symbol representing the sun or the moon, symbolizing the eternal cycle of life, death, and rebirth. It is said that because of this pagan symbology, this stone has a connection to the prior shrine.

The church has a small cruciform type central-plan with a single drum and dome. It is constructed from dark grey stone, with red tufa inlaid around the windows, roof, and dome. Elaborate decorations of geometric and foliage patterns may be seen all around the windows, portal, dome, and other parts of the façade. The apron around the apse in the interior of the church also is intricately carved. A number of khachkars are scattered around the church grounds, including one in particular adjacent to the building that is reminiscent of a small shrine.

In the village is also the fortress complex of Garni with the 1st century AD Garni Temple, Surb Astvatsatsin Church, a ruined 4th century single-aisle church, a ruined Tukh Manuk Shrine, Saint Sargis Shrine, and a Queen Katranide Shrine. Across the Garni Gorge is the Havuts Tar Monastery and Aghjots Vank located in the Khosrov State Reserve.

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Bibliography[edit]

  • Kiesling, Brady (2005), Rediscovering Armenia: Guide, Yerevan, Armenia: Matit Graphic Design Studio

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