The Golden Mosque acquired its name for its gold-painted dome as well as for its location in Globo de Oro Street. Under the supervision of former Philippine First Lady Imelda Marcos, construction began on August 4, 1976 for the visit of Libya's President Muammar al-Gaddafi, although his visit was cancelled. It now serves many in Manila's Muslim community, and is especially full during Jumuah prayers on a Friday. The mosque can accommodate up to 3,000 worshippers. 
The mosque incorporates a mixture of foreign and local influences. Its dome and erstwhile minaret are patterned after Middle Eastern structures whereas its geometric designs borrow much from the colors and variations of ethnic Maranao, Maguindanao, and Tausug art. The curved lines are based on the serpent motifs in Maranao art.  The mosque also exhibits stained glass panels by artist Antonio Dumlao. 
According to the mosque administrators, the minaret was torn down due to problems in structural integrity at the time of former Mayor Lito Atienza. There are already plans to rebuild the minaret as donations from all over the world are pouring in to reach the target of 12 million Philippine Pesos.