Mask (1985 film)

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Theatrical release poster
Directed byPeter Bogdanovich
Written byAnna Hamilton Phelan
Produced byMartin Starger
CinematographyLászló Kovács
Edited byBarbara Ford
Music byDennis Ricotta
Distributed byUniversal Pictures
Release date
  • March 8, 1985 (1985-03-08)
Running time
120 minutes
CountryUnited States
Box office$48.2 million[1]

Mask is a 1985 American biographical drama film directed by Peter Bogdanovich, starring Cher, Sam Elliott, and Eric Stoltz with supporting roles played by Dennis Burkley, Laura Dern, Estelle Getty, and Richard Dysart. Cher received the 1985 Cannes Film Festival award for Best Actress.[2] The film is based on the life and early death of Roy L. "Rocky" Dennis, a boy who had craniodiaphyseal dysplasia, an extremely rare genetic disorder known commonly as lionitis due to the disfiguring cranial enlargements that it causes. Mask won the Academy Award for Best Makeup at the 58th ceremony, while Cher and Stoltz received Golden Globe Award nominations for their performances.


In 1978 Azusa, California, Rocky Dennis, a boy with craniodiaphyseal dysplasia, is accepted without question by his freewheeling biker mother's boyfriend, his "extended motorcycle family," and his maternal grandparents who share his love of baseball card collecting; but is treated with fear, pity, awkwardness, and teasing by those unaware of his humanity, humor, and intelligence.

Rocky's mother, Florence "Rusty" Dennis, is determined to give Rocky as normal a life as possible, in spite of her own wild ways as a member of the Turks biker gang, as well as her strained relationship with her father. She fights for Rocky's inclusion in a mainstream junior high school, and confronts a principal who would rather classify Rocky as intellectually disabled and relegate him to a special education school, despite the fact that his condition has not affected his intelligence.

At Rocky's semi-annual physical, Rocky claims to be feeling pretty well despite recurring headaches that his mother can remedy by simply singing to him. A young doctor tells Rusty that Rocky's life expectancy is limited to six more months; Rusty scoffs, exclaiming that many other doctors have made claims about Rocky's condition that were completely unfounded.

Rocky thrives at school, making friends by assisting a fellow student and tutoring his classmate for $3 per hour. He is also asked by the principal to accept a job as a counselor's aide at Camp Bloomfield, a summer camp for blind children. At his graduation from junior high, Rocky takes home academic achievement prizes in mathematics, history, and science.

Rocky feels the need to leave his chronically depressed and drug-addicted mother, and helps her break her drug habit. At camp, Rocky falls in love with Diana Adams, a blind girl who cannot see (but feels) his deformed skull and is entranced by Rocky's kindness and compassion. Rocky uses his intelligence to explain to Diana words like "billowy," "clouds," "red," and "green" by using cotton balls as a touchable vision of "billowy clouds," a warm rock to explain "red" and "pink," and a frozen rock to explain "icy blue." At the end of camp, Diana introduces Rocky to her parents, who are flabbergasted by Rocky's deformed appearance and privately forbid Diana to spend time with him.

Later, Rocky faces the pain of separation from the two people to whom he feels closest. His lifelong dream of a motorbike trip through Europe collapses when his best friend Ben, who was to come with him, reveals that he is permanently moving back to Michigan to live with his father. After taking a bus trip to visit Diana at the equestrian stables, located near Griffith Park, Rocky learns that Diana's parents had prevented her from receiving his phone messages and are sending her to a private boarding school for the blind. Rocky vows that despite being separated, they will always love each other and will always be together.

One evening, when Rocky's biker family is visiting, Rocky is fighting a fierce headache and quietly withdraws to his room, removes the tacks from his map of Europe, and goes to bed. The next morning, Rusty tries to wake up Rocky for school and flies into a fit of grief-stricken rage when she realizes he has died. After destroying the kitchen, Rusty mourns the death of Rocky and says, "Now you can go anywhere you want, baby," as she re-pins his map of Europe.

The film ends with Rocky's biker family, Rusty, Gar, and Dozer, visiting his grave, leaving flowers and some 1955 Brooklyn Dodgers baseball cards by his headstone, as Rocky's voice is heard reciting the poem he wrote earlier for English class.


  • Eric Stoltz as Roy L. "Rocky" Dennis, an adolescent boy who was born with craniodiaphyseal dysplasia. His character's makeup was provided by Michael Westmore and Zoltan Elek.
  • Cher as Florence "Rusty" Dennis, Rocky's semi-unstable (but determined) mother.
  • Sam Elliott as Gar, a member of Rocky's motorcycle family, who acts as a father figure and occasional peacemaker between Rocky and Rusty, and whose character is based on Bernie Tullis.[3]
  • Estelle Getty as Evelyn Steinberg, Rusty's mother and Rocky's grandmother, who tries to mediate the tension between her husband and her daughter.
  • Richard Dysart as Abe Steinberg, Rusty's father and Rocky's grandfather, who has a loving relationship with his grandson, but a difficult relationship with his daughter.
  • Laura Dern as Diana Adams, a blind girl from summer camp who becomes Rocky's love interest; the two form a bond based on personality, humor and conversation, rather than physical appearances.
  • Micole Mercurio as Babe.
  • Harry Carey Jr. as Red.
  • Dennis Burkley as Dozer.
  • Barry Tubb as Dewey.
  • Lawrence Monoson as Ben, Rocky's best friend, who trades baseball cards and plans a biking trip across Europe with Rocky.
  • Ben Piazza as Mr. Simms the Principal of Rocky's Junior high school.
  • L. Craig King as Eric.
  • Alexandra Powers as Lisa.
  • Kelly Jo Minter as Lorrie.
  • Todd Allen as Canuck.
  • Howard Hirdler as Stickman.
  • Andrew Robinson as Dr. Vinton.
  • Les Dudek as Bone.
  • Marsha Warfield as the homeroom teacher.


Rusty Dennis sold the film rights to Rocky's life story for $15,000, most of which went to pay medical bills for her son Joshua, who was undergoing treatment for AIDS.[3] She originally hoped the film would focus on Rocky's life and intrepid personality rather than giving equal emphasis to her story, but was won over by Cher's role, stating: "Cher depicted the way I am very well. I always thought I was perfectly normal, that the rest of the world is nuts."

In 1984, camp scenes for the movie were filmed at Camp Bloomfield.[4] Campers and staff got a preview of the finished film at Universal Studios in February of 1985.

Bogdanovich had originally intended to use several songs by Bruce Springsteen, the real Rocky Dennis' favorite singer. But due to an impasse at the time between Universal Pictures and Springsteen's label, Columbia Records, the songs were pulled from the film and replaced with songs by Bob Seger for the original theatrical release. Rusty Dennis was unhappy with this, and voiced her displeasure in a 1985 appearance on San Francisco talk show, People Are Talking, saying: "I don't think [Rocky] even knew who Bob Seger was".[5] Bogdanovich sued Universal for $19 million, alleging the film studio switched the music without his approval in violation of his final cut privilege.[6] The Springsteen songs were eventually restored for the 2004 director's cut DVD of the film.[7]


Box office[edit]

The film was a box office success, garnering US$48,230,162 in total.[1] It placed in the number 13 spot on its opening weekend, but moved up to the third spot in its third week, and eventually the second spot in its fourth week, where it remained for two consecutive weeks.[1]

Critical reception[edit]

Reviews were mostly positive. The film has a 93% approval rating on review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, based on 29 reviews, with an average rating of 7.5/10.[8]

Roger Ebert wrote of the film, "A wonderful movie, a story of high spirits and hope and courage," with Stoltz's performance establishing a believable character that transcends his deformity and Cher's characterization of Rusty as "one of the most interesting movie characters in a long time."[9] Gene Siskel described Mask as "superb" and also singled out Cher's portrayal of Rusty as the heart of the film, but criticized the marketing campaign that kept Stoltz's face secretive as a revival of a freak show mentality.[10] Dolores Barclay of the Associated Press declared Mask was "directed with great sensitivity by Peter Bogdanovich" and carried by Cher and Stoltz's performances but believed the depiction of Rusty's biker friends was "perhaps a bit too sanitized to be believable."[11] A contrasting review by Vincent Canby in The New York Times read in part, "Mask is one of those movies that try so hard to get their supposedly universal message across (don't we all hide behind a mask of one sort or another?) that they are likely to put your teeth on edge more often than they bring one little, lonely teardrop to the eye."[12]


Michael Westmore and Zoltan Elek won the Academy Award for Best Makeup and Hairstyling in the 58th Academy Awards.[13]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c "Mask (1985)". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on August 12, 2017. Retrieved June 2, 2013.
  2. ^ "Festival de Cannes: Mask". Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved June 28, 2009.
  3. ^ a b Witt, Linda (May 11, 1986). "An Unusual Mother: Helping Her Children Face Down Death (3 of 4)". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on April 26, 2016. Retrieved April 23, 2016.
  4. ^ "Making Mask". Retrieved July 27, 2023.
  5. ^ "Rusty Dennis on People Are Talking in 1985". YouTube.
  6. ^ London, Michael (February 27, 1985). "Legal Snarl: Springsteen or Seger?". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on March 9, 2012. Retrieved January 7, 2010.
  7. ^ "Mask (1985)". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Retrieved July 27, 2023.
  8. ^ "Mask (1985)". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Archived from the original on December 12, 2016. Retrieved July 27, 2023.
  9. ^ Ebert, Roger (March 22, 1985). "Mask". Ebert Digital LLC. Archived from the original on April 21, 2016. Retrieved April 23, 2016.
  10. ^ "Siskel & Ebert - "Mask" (1985) - YouTube". YouTube. Archived from the original on February 29, 2020. Retrieved October 27, 2019.
  11. ^ Barclay, Dolores (May 21, 1985). "Cher comes through with another solid role". Associated Press. Archived from the original on August 3, 2020. Retrieved October 27, 2019 – via The Desert Sun.
  12. ^ Canby, Vincent (March 8, 1985). "Mask: Bogdanovich Tale of Rare Disease". The New York Times. Archived from the original on April 11, 2018. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  13. ^ "The 58th Academy Awards". Retrieved July 27, 2023.

External links[edit]