Mason County, Michigan

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Mason County, Michigan
Mason County courthouse clock tower.jpg
Mason County Courthouse
Map of Michigan highlighting Mason County
Location in the U.S. state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded 1840 (founded as Notipekago)
1855 (organized)[1]
Named for Stevens T. Mason
Seat Ludington
Largest city Ludington
Area
 • Total 1,242 sq mi (3,217 km2)
 • Land 495 sq mi (1,282 km2)
 • Water 747 sq mi (1,935 km2), 60%
Population
 • (2010) 28,705
 • Density 58/sq mi (22/km2)
Congressional districts 1st, 2nd
Time zone Eastern
Website www.masoncounty.net

Mason County is a county located in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 28,705.[2] The county seat is Ludington.[3]

Mason County comprises the Ludington, MI Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

A detail from A New Map of Michigan with its Canals, Roads & Distances (1842) by Henry Schenck Tanner, showing Mason County as "Notipeskago" (a misspelling of Notipekago, the county's name from 1840 to 1843.[4]) Several nearby counties are also shown with names that would later be changed.

The county is named for Stevens T. Mason, Governor of Michigan from 1835 to 1840.[5] It was created by the Michigan Legislature in 1840 as Notipekago County, then renamed Mason County in 1843. The county was administered by Ottawa County prior to the organization of county government in 1855.[4][1]

Geography[edit]

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,242 square miles (3,220 km2), of which 495 square miles (1,280 km2) is land and 747 square miles (1,930 km2) (60%) is water.[6]

Major highways[edit]

  • US 10 – runs east-west thru central part of county. Runs from Ludington through Amber, Scottville, Custer, and Branch.
  • US 31 – enters south line of county at 2 miles (3.2 km) east of SW corner; runs north to intersect US-10 near Ludington. Runs concurrent with US-10 east for 5 miles (8 km), then runs north. Exits county at 4 miles (6.4 km) east of NW corner of county.
  • M-116 – runs NW from Ludington along shoreline of Lake Michigan to Ludington State Park.[7]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
185093
1860831793.5%
18703,263292.7%
188010,065208.5%
189016,38562.8%
190018,88515.3%
191021,83215.6%
192019,831−9.2%
193018,756−5.4%
194019,3783.3%
195020,4745.7%
196021,9297.1%
197022,6123.1%
198026,36516.6%
199025,537−3.1%
200028,27410.7%
201028,7051.5%
Est. 201628,876[8]0.6%
US Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2013[2]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[13] of 2000, there were 28,274 people, 11,406 households, and 7,881 families in the county. The population density was 57 people per square mile (22/km²). There were 16,063 housing units at an average density of 32 per square mile (13/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.84% White, 0.73% Black or African American, 0.78% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.82% from other races, and 1.53% from two or more races. 3.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 24.5% were of German, 10.4% Polish, 8.8% English, 8.5% Irish, 7.7% American and 5.0% Swedish ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.0% spoke English and 2.2% Spanish as their first language.

There were 11,406 households out of which 29.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.40% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.90% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.92.

The county population contained 24.20% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 26.20% from 25 to 44, 25.80% from 45 to 64, and 16.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 97.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,704, and the median income for a family was $41,654. Males had a median income of $33,873 versus $22,616 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,713. About 8.20% of families and 11.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.50% of those under age 18 and 7.00% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Mason County has usually voted Republican in national elections. Since 1884, the county's voters have selected the Republican Party nominee in 82% (28 of 34) of the national elections through 2016.

Presidential Election Results
Presidential Elections Results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 57.5% 8,505 35.7% 5,281 6.8% 1,006
2012 51.7% 7,580 46.8% 6,856 1.6% 229
2008 46.9% 7,147 51.3% 7,817 1.8% 277
2004 55.6% 8,124 43.3% 6,333 1.1% 154
2000 54.3% 7,066 42.9% 5,579 2.9% 371
1996 41.4% 5,066 45.7% 5,597 13.0% 1,588
1992 39.0% 5,102 36.9% 4,829 24.1% 3,151
1988 59.6% 6,800 39.7% 4,531 0.7% 82
1984 67.8% 8,202 31.5% 3,803 0.7% 87
1980 58.1% 7,137 33.7% 4,134 8.2% 1,005
1976 59.2% 6,812 39.4% 4,541 1.4% 163
1972 63.6% 6,811 34.5% 3,697 1.9% 207
1968 54.0% 5,311 37.2% 3,660 8.8% 860
1964 39.0% 3,842 60.9% 5,993 0.1% 11
1960 58.2% 6,011 41.7% 4,305 0.1% 10
1956 65.2% 6,142 34.7% 3,274 0.1% 12
1952 64.7% 6,179 34.5% 3,298 0.9% 81
1948 56.0% 4,147 40.3% 2,988 3.7% 272
1944 58.3% 4,446 41.1% 3,137 0.6% 47
1940 55.6% 4,874 43.8% 3,836 0.6% 53
1936 39.4% 3,224 56.1% 4,598 4.5% 368
1932 42.5% 3,098 52.9% 3,854 4.7% 340
1928 72.7% 4,318 26.4% 1,567 0.9% 51
1924 67.2% 3,567 15.4% 815 17.5% 928
1920 69.4% 3,652 25.4% 1,338 5.2% 273
1916 53.2% 2,198 40.9% 1,689 6.0% 247
1912 21.5% 844 27.3% 1,073 51.2% 2,007
1908 65.7% 2,577 28.9% 1,132 5.4% 213
1904 72.1% 2,394 23.0% 764 4.9% 161
1900 61.3% 2,185 35.1% 1,251 3.6% 128
1896 56.3% 2,177 40.8% 1,580 2.9% 112
1892 45.9% 1,426 44.5% 1,383 9.7% 301
1888 50.8% 1,697 47.1% 1,573 2.1% 71
1884 50.5% 1,299 47.3% 1,217 2.2% 57

Mason County operates the County jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, records deeds, mortgages, and vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget and has limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions – police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance etc. – are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Elected officials[edit]

(information as of Nov 2017)

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bibliography on Mason County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  4. ^ a b Newberry Library. "Michigan: Individual County Chronologies". Atlas of County Historical Boundaries. Retrieved 4 November 2016.
  5. ^ "Focus on our history: How county was named". Ludington Daily News. 3 October 1987. p. 2. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. 22 August 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  7. ^ a b Mason County MI Google Maps (accessed 25 September 2018)
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 31 January 2008.
  14. ^ US Election Atlas

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°01′N 86°30′W / 44.02°N 86.50°W / 44.02; -86.50