Masonic Temple (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania)
Philadelphia's Masonic Temple
|Location||1 N. Broad St.|
|Architect||James H. Windrim (exterior)|
George Herzog (interior)
|NRHP reference No.||71000727|
|Added to NRHP||May 27, 1971|
|Designated NHL||February 4, 1985|
|Designated PHMC||December 5, 2007|
The Masonic Temple is a historic Masonic building in Philadelphia. Located at 1 North Broad Street, directly across from Philadelphia City Hall, it serves as the headquarters of the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania, Free and Accepted Masons. The Temple features the Masonic Library and Museum of Pennsylvania, and receives thousands of visitors every year to view the ornate structure, which includes seven lodge rooms, where today a number of Philadelphia lodges and the Grand Lodge conduct their meetings.
The Temple was designed in the medieval Norman style by James H. Windrim, who was 27 years old at the time he won the design competition. The massive granite cornerstone, weighing ten tons, was leveled on St. John the Baptist's Day, June 24, 1868. The ceremonial gavel used on that day by Grand Master Richard Vaux was the same gavel used by President George Washington in leveling the cornerstone of the nation's Capitol building in 1793.
The bold and elaborate elevations on Broad and Filbert Streets, especially the beautiful portico of Quincy granite, make it one of the great architectural wonders of Philadelphia. The exterior stone of the building on Broad and Filbert Streets is Cape Ann Syenite from Syne in Upper Egypt.
On May 27, 1971, the Temple was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. It was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1985. It was cited in its landmark designation as one of the nation's most elaborate examples of Masonic architecture.
- James H. Windrim (architect of the Masonic Temple)
- William Rush (sculptor)
- Joseph A. Bailly (sculptor)
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Philadelphia
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Center City, Philadelphia
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. January 23, 2007.
- Gallery, John Andrew, ed. (2004), Philadelphia Architecture: A Guide to the City (2nd ed.), Philadelphia: Foundation for Architecture, ISBN 0962290815 p.62
- "PHMC Historical Markers". Historical Marker Database. Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission. Archived from the original on December 7, 2013. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
- "The George Washington Gavel". potomac5.org. Potomac Lodge No. 5 F.A.A.M. Retrieved 25 May 2022.
- Masonic Temple: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Publ. by the Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania.
- "NHL nomination for Philadelphia's Masonic Temple". National Park Service. Retrieved 2017-03-24.