Masonic conspiracy theories

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Hundreds of conspiracy theories about Freemasonry have been described since the late 18th century.[1] Usually, these theories fall into three distinct categories: political (usually involving allegations of control of government, particularly in the United States and the United Kingdom), religious (usually involving allegations of anti-Christian or Satanic beliefs or practices), and cultural (usually involving popular entertainment). Many conspiracy theories have connected the Freemasons (and the Knights Templar) with worship of the devil;[2][3] these ideas are based on different interpretations of the doctrines of those organizations.[4]

Of the claims that Freemasonry exerts control over politics, perhaps the best-known example is the New World Order theory, but there are others. These mainly involve aspects and agencies of the United States government, but actual events outside the US (such as the Propaganda Due scandal in Italy) are often used to lend credence to claims.

Another set of theories has to do with Freemasonry and religion, particularly that Freemasonry deals with "the occult".[5] These theories have their beginnings in the Taxil hoax.[6][7] In addition to these, there are various theories that focus on the embedding of symbols in otherwise ordinary items, such as street patterns, national seals, corporate logos, etc.

There are Masonic conspiracy theories dealing with every aspect of society. The majority of these theories are based on one or more of the following assumptions:

  • That Freemasonry is its own religion, requires belief in a unique Masonic god, and that belief in this Masonic god is contrary to the teachings of various mainstream religions (although usually noted in terms of being specifically contrary to Christian belief)[8]
  • That the 33rd degree of the Scottish Rite is more than an honorary degree, coupled with the belief that most Freemasons are unaware of hidden or secretive ruling bodies within their organization that govern them, conduct occult ritual, or control various positions of governmental power[9]
  • That there is a centralized worldwide body that controls all Masonic Grand Lodges, and thus, all of Freemasonry worldwide acts in a unified manner

List of conspiracy theories associated with Freemasonry[edit]

Notable conspiracy theories involving Freemasonry include:


  • That the British judiciary is heavily infiltrated with Masons, who give fellow Masons "the benefit of the doubt" in court, subverting the legal system[10][11]

Some conspiracy theories involving the Freemasons and the Illuminati also include the Knights Templar and Jews as part of the supposed plan for universal control of society. This type of conspiracy theory was described as early as 1792 by multiple authors, beginning in France and Scotland.[1]


There are a number of claims, predominantly made by conservative Protestants,[28] that Freemasons at higher degrees deceive those at lower degrees, and gradually reveal a separate, occult religion:


Masonic conspiracy theories in mass culture[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hodapp, Christopher; Alice Von Kannon (2008). Conspiracy Theories & Secret Societies For Dummies. For Dummies. pp. 174, 178. ISBN 978-0-470-18408-0.
  2. ^ Robinson, John. A Pilgrim's Path: Freemasonry and the Religious Right. M. Evans, 1993. ISBN 0-87131-732-X
  3. ^ a b Hodapp, Christopher L. and VonKannon, Alice, Conspiracy Theories & Secret Societies For Dummies, Wiley, 2008, ISBN 978-0-470-18408-0
  4. ^ Addison, Charles G.; David Hatcher Childress (1997). The History of the Knights Templars: The Temple Church and the Temple. Adventures Unlimited Press. pp. 19–20. ISBN 0-932813-40-2.
  5. ^ Here used to denote a particular range of the occult involving Satanic or anti-Christian beliefs.
  6. ^ S. Brent Morris, The Complete Idiot's Guide to Freemasonry (2006), pp. 171-172; ISBN 1-59257-490-4
  7. ^ Christopher Hodapp, Freemasons for Dummies (2005), pp. 160-161; 298-299; ISBN 0-7645-9796-5
  8. ^ See, for example, the claims made by William A. Whalen, in his essay The Masonic Religion, available on the website; or the claims made at evangelical
  9. ^ "Freemasonry, Conspiracy Within".
  10. ^ "Trial could force judges to declare they are Masons". The Independent. September 22, 2011.
  11. ^ "BBC News | UK | Freemasons - moral guardians or centre of corruption?".
  12. ^ Hitler, Adolf. Mein Kampf: Volume One - A Reckoning. Chapter XI: Nation and Race Archived 2008-12-08 at the Wayback Machine. 1924 (trans. 1943).
  13. ^ Hitler, Adolf. Mein Kampf Volume Two - The National Socialist Movement. Archived 2008-12-08 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ 'The Covenant of the Islamic Resistance Movement (HAMAS)-Palestine', articles seventeen, twenty-two and twenty-eight, 18 Aug 1988.
  15. ^ Belloc, Hilaire (1922). "The Jews". Book. Constable & Company, Limited. p. 223. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
  16. ^ ""Freemasonry and the Spanish Civil War: Part II", by Matthew Scanlan retrieved 19 August 2009". Archived from the original on 11 July 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  17. ^ ""The Aim of Freemasonry is the Triumph of Communism" by Henry Makow". Archived from the original on 2014-10-13. Retrieved 2014-10-13.
  18. ^ Kristen Senz, "Ed Brown says Feds have no jurisdiction in New Hampshire," New Hampshire Union Leader, June 8, 2007 [1]
  19. ^ Kristen Senz, "Browns say they will either walk free, or die," New Hampshire Union Leader, June 19, 2007 at [2].
  20. ^ "Louis Stokes - Famous Masons". LaPorte York Rite.
  21. ^ Ohio, Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of. "MWPHGL of Ohio". Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Ohio.
  22. ^ "Former NAACP Chief and Congressional Black Caucus Chair Kweisi Mfume Wins Primary for Cummings Seat – Free Press of Jacksonville".
  23. ^ "Bohemian Grove Exposed!". Archived from the original on 2014-02-09.
  24. ^ a b " | Blog sobre la fe cristiana".
  25. ^ Pugh, Joye Jeffries (2006). Eden: The Knowledge of Good and Evil 666. Tate Publishing. p. 244. ISBN 1-59886-253-7.
  26. ^ Freemasonry and the Ku Klux Klan, hosted on
  27. ^ Satanic secrets of the Orange Order, The Observer, Sunday 24 October 1999
  28. ^ Is It True What They Say About Freemasonry? The Methods of Anti-Masons Archived 2013-12-02 at the Wayback Machine, Arturo de Hoyos and S. Brent Morris, M. Evans & Company pub, 2004
  29. ^ Baal: Kjos Ministries website: Freemasons - Roots & Links to the Occult; Baphomet:; Dajjal: Atheistic freemasonry - Harun Yahya website
  30. ^ G.A.O.T.U. Archived 2004-08-19 at the Wayback Machine
  31. ^ McHugo, John (2013). A CONCISE HISTORY OF THE ARABS. The New Press, 38 Greene Street, New York, NY 10013: The New Press. pp. 162–163. ISBN 978-1-59558-950-7.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location (link)
  32. ^ "Flat Earther Busted in Freemason Arson Spree".
  33. ^ Wang, Amy B.; Selk, Avi (November 24, 2017). "A flat-Earther's plan to launch himself in a homemade rocket just hit a speed bump". Science. The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 24, 2018. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  34. ^ "Separating Fact from Fiction: The Reptilian Elite". July 15, 2009. Accessed July 26, 2016.
  35. ^ An end to the mystery of God's Banker?, BBC Magazine, 31 March 2004

External links[edit]

  • Conspiracy of Hate – A Christian Perspective on the un-Christian Tactics of the anti-Masons, A.W.Harper, 1995.