Masonic conspiracy theories

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Masonic conspiracy theories are conspiracy theories involving Freemasonry; hundreds of such conspiracy theories have been described since the late 18th century.[1] Usually, these theories fall into three distinct categories: political (usually involving allegations of control of government, particularly in the United States and the United Kingdom), religious (usually involving allegations of anti-Christian or Satanic beliefs or practices), and cultural (usually involving popular entertainment). Many conspiracy theories have connected the Freemasons (and the Knights Templar) with worship of the devil;[2][3][4][5][6] these ideas are based on different interpretations of the doctrines of those organizations.[7]

Of the claims that Freemasonry exerts control over politics, perhaps the best-known example is the New World Order theory, but there are others. These mainly involve aspects and agencies of the United States government, but actual events outside the US (such as the Propaganda Due scandal in Italy) are often used to lend credence to claims.

Another set of theories has to do with Freemasonry and Religion, particularly that Freemasonry deals with "the occult".[8] These theories have their beginnings in the Taxil hoax.[9][10] In addition to these, there are various theories that focus on the embedding of symbols in otherwise ordinary items, such as street patterns, national seals, corporate logos, etc.

There are Masonic conspiracy theories dealing with every aspect of society. The majority of these theories are based on one or more of the following assumptions:

  • That Freemasonry is its own religion, requires belief in a unique Masonic god, and that belief in this Masonic god is contrary to the teachings of various mainstream religions (although usually noted in terms of being specifically contrary to Christian belief)[11]
  • That the 33rd degree of the Scottish Rite is more than an honorary degree, coupled with the belief that most Freemasons are unaware of hidden or secretive ruling bodies within their organization that govern them, conduct occult ritual, or control various positions of governmental power[12]
  • That there is a centralized worldwide body that controls all Masonic Grand Lodges, and thus, all of Freemasonry worldwide acts in a unified manner.

List of conspiracy theories associated with Freemasonry[edit]

Notable conspiracy theories involving Freemasonry include:


  • That the British judiciary is heavily infiltrated with Masons, who give fellow Masons "the benefit of the doubt" in court, subverting the legal system.[13][14]
  • That Freemasonry overlaps with, or is controlled by, the Illuminati, especially in the higher degrees; Illuminati Freemasons secretly control many major aspects of society and government and are working to establish the New World Order.[15][16][17][18][19][20] Some conspiracy theories involving the Freemasons and the Illuminati also include the Knights Templar and Jews as part of the supposed plan for universal control of society. This type of conspiracy theory was described as early as 1792 by multiple authors, beginning in France and Scotland.[1]
  • That Freemasonry is a Jewish front for world domination or is at least controlled by Jews for this goal. An example of this is the anti-Semitic literary forgery The Protocols of the Elders of Zion. Adolf Hitler believed that Freemasonry was a tool of Jewish influence,[21] and outlawed Freemasonry and persecuted Freemasons partially for this reason.[22] The covenant of the Palestinian Islamist movement Hamas claims that Freemasonry is a "secret society" founded as part of a Zionist plot to control the world.[23] Hilaire Belloc thought Jews had "inaugurated" freemasonry "as a bridge between themselves and their hosts".[24]
  • Related to the above is the idea that Freemasonry is tied to or behind Communism. The Spanish dictator Francisco Franco had often associated his opposition with both Freemasonry and Communism, and saw the latter as a conspiracy of the former - as he put it, "The whole secret of the campaigns unleashed against Spain can be explained in two words: masonry and communism".[25] In 1950, Irish writer Denis Fahey republished a work by George F. Dillon under the title Grand Orient Freemasonry Unmasked as the Secret Power Behind Communism. Modern conspiracy theorists such as Henry Makow have also claimed that Freemasonry intends the triumph of Communism.[26]
  • That Freemasons are behind income taxes in the US. One convicted tax protester has charged that law enforcement officials who surrounded his property in a standoff over his refusal to surrender after his conviction were part of a "Zionist, Illuminati, Free Mason [sic] movement".[27] The New Hampshire Union Leader also reported that "the Browns believe the IRS and the federal income tax are part of a deliberate plot perpetrated by Freemasons to control the American people and eventually the world."[28]
  • That the BOULE (Sigma Pi Phi Fraternity) is and has been a cornerstone of Prince Hall Masonry's political influence with Masonic congressmen guiding the group including Bro. Louis Stokes,[29] Bro. John Conyers, Bro. Charles Rangel, Bro August Hawkins, Bro John Lewis, Bro Ralph Metcalfe, Bro Kweisi Mfume and Bro Elijah Cummings served as chair of the caucus.[30][31] not to mention member Bro Jesse Jackson.
  • That Freemasons have strong links with a more selective secret and semi-secret societies such as the Bohemian Grove meeting,[32][33] the Skull and Bones society,[20] and Rhodes Scholars.[33]
  • That groups such as the Ku Klux Klan[34] and the Orange Order[35] are intimately tied to Freemasonry.


There are a number of claims, predominantly made by conservative Protestants,[36] that Freemasons at higher degrees deceive those at lower degrees, and gradually reveal a separate, occult religion:

  • The Syrian-Egyptian Wahhabi scholar Rashid Rida popularised anti-Semitic and masonic conspiracies across the Arab world and which would later be embraced by various Islamist movements in the 20th century. In Rida's worldview, Freemasonry was invented by Jews to plot against world nations. Rida's views would be adopted in the 1988 Charter of Hamas.[43]

Alleged occult influences on popular culture[edit]


Masonic conspiracy theories in mass culture[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hodapp, Christopher; Alice Von Kannon (2008). Conspiracy Theories & Secret Societies For Dummies. For Dummies. pp. 174, 178. ISBN 978-0-470-18408-0.
  2. ^ a b Robinson, John. A Pilgrim's Path: Freemasonry and the Religious Right. M. Evans, 1993. ISBN 0-87131-732-X
  3. ^ a b c Hodapp, Christopher L. and VonKannon, Alice, Conspiracy Theories & Secret Societies For Dummies, Wiley, 2008, ISBN 978-0-470-18408-0
  4. ^ a b "Freemasonry The worship of Lucifer, SATAN Part 1 of 5". Archived from the original on May 31, 2007.
  5. ^ a b "Freedom Ministries International". Freedom Ministries International.
  6. ^ "Freemasonry: Midwife to an Occult Empire".
  7. ^ a b Addison, Charles G.; David Hatcher Childress (1997). The History of the Knights Templars: The Temple Church and the Temple. Adventures Unlimited Press. pp. 19–20. ISBN 0-932813-40-2.
  8. ^ Here used to denote a particular range of the occult involving Satanic or anti-Christian beliefs.
  9. ^ S. Brent Morris, The Complete Idiot's Guide to Freemasonry (2006), pp. 171-172; ISBN 1-59257-490-4
  10. ^ Christopher Hodapp, Freemasons for Dummies (2005), pp. 160-161; 298-299; ISBN 0-7645-9796-5
  11. ^ See, for example, the claims made by William A. Whalen, in his essay The Masonic Religion, available on the website; or the claims made at
  12. ^ "Freemasonry, Conspiracy Within".
  13. ^ "Trial could force judges to declare they are Masons". The Independent. September 22, 2011.
  14. ^ "BBC News | UK | Freemasons - moral guardians or centre of corruption?".
  15. ^ Why the NSA tried to recruit me Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine by James Casbolt in St Ives, UK – October 31, 2006
  16. ^ "The Road to Heart Mountain? Rumors, FEMA and the Future".
  17. ^ a b "United States Presidents and The Illuminati / Masonic Power Structure". Archived from the original on January 13, 2011.
  18. ^ "United States Presidents and The Illuminati / Masonic Power Structure Pt.4". Archived from the original on May 29, 2007.
  19. ^ Berlet, Chip; Matthew Nemiroff Lyons (2000). Right-wing Populism in America: Too Close for Comfort. Guilford Press. p. 258. ISBN 1-57230-562-2. ...Robertson resuscitated the Freemason conspiracy.... 'In earlier chapters we have traced the infiltration of Continental Freemasonry by the new world philosophy of the order of the Illuminati...'
  20. ^ a b Pugh, Joye Jeffries (2006). Eden: The Knowledge of Good and Evil 666. Tate Publishing. p. 244. ISBN 1-59886-253-7.
  21. ^ Hitler, Adolf. Mein Kampf: Volume One - A Reckoning. Chapter XI: Nation and Race Archived 2008-12-08 at the Wayback Machine. 1924 (trans. 1943). - "Finally, the Jewish influence on economic affairs grows with terrifying speed through the stock exchange. He becomes the owner, or at least the controller, of the national labor force. To strengthen his political position he tries to tear down the racial and civil barriers which for a time continue to restrain him at every step. To this end he fights with all the tenacity innate in him for religious tolerance-and in Freemasonry, which has succumbed to him completely, he has an excellent instrument with which to fight for his aims and put them across. The governing circles and the higher strata of the political and economic bourgeoisie are brought into his nets by the strings of Freemasonry, and never need to suspect what is happening."
  22. ^ Hitler, Adolf. Mein Kampf Volume Two - The National Socialist Movement. Archived 2008-12-08 at the Wayback Machine "Chapter XIII: German Alliance Policy after the War", 1924, trans. 1943. - "The fight which Fascist Italy waged against Jewry's three principal weapons, the profound reasons for which may not have been consciously understood (though I do not believe this myself) furnishes the best proof that the poison fangs of that Power which transcends all State boundaries are being drawn, even though in an indirect way. The prohibition of Freemasonry and secret societies, the suppression of the supernational Press and the definite abolition of Marxism, together with the steadily increasing consolidation of the Fascist concept of the State – all this will enable the Italian Government, in the course of some years, to advance more and more the interests of the Italian people without paying any attention to the hissing of the Jewish world-hydra."
  23. ^ 'The Covenant of the Islamic Resistance Movement (HAMAS)-Palestine', articles seventeen, twenty-two and twenty-eight, 18 Aug 1988.
  24. ^ Belloc, Hilaire (1922). "The Jews". Book. Constable & Company, Limited. p. 223. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
  25. ^ ""Freemasonry and the Spanish Civil War: Part II", by Matthew Scanlan retrieved 19 August 2009". Archived from the original on 11 July 2011. Retrieved 14 August 2017.
  26. ^ ""The Aim of Freemasonry is the Triumph of Communism" by Henry Makow". Archived from the original on 2014-10-13. Retrieved 2014-10-13.
  27. ^ Kristen Senz, "Ed Brown says Feds have no jurisdiction in New Hampshire," New Hampshire Union Leader, June 8, 2007 [1]
  28. ^ Kristen Senz, "Browns say they will either walk free, or die," New Hampshire Union Leader, June 19, 2007 at [2].
  29. ^ February 23, Louis Stokes Ohio Congressman Birthday; Committee, 1925 Birthday-Louis Stokes 19250223000000 BiographyDemocratic politician from Ohio He served in the United States House of Representatives Stokes’ tenure in the House of Representatives included service on the House Appropriations; Clevel, where he was influential in bringing revenue to; issues, He was particularly interested in veterans’; Clevel, secured funds for health-care facilities for veterans in; the 1970s, In; Assassinations, Stokes served as Chairman of the House Select Committee on; Kennedy, charged with investigating the murders of President John F.; King, civil rights leader Martin Luther; Affair, Jr Stokes also served on the House committee that investigated the Iran-Contra. "Louis Stokes - Famous Masons". LaPorte York Rite.
  30. ^ Ohio, Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of. "MWPHGL of Ohio". Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of Ohio.
  31. ^ "Former NAACP Chief and Congressional Black Caucus Chair Kweisi Mfume Wins Primary for Cummings Seat – Free Press of Jacksonville".
  32. ^ "Bohemian Grove Exposed!". Archived from the original on 2014-02-09.
  33. ^ a b " | Blog sobre la fe cristiana".
  34. ^ Freemasonry and the Ku Klux Klan, hosted on
  35. ^ Satanic secrets of the Orange Order, The Observer, Sunday 24 October 1999
  36. ^ Is It True What They Say About Freemasonry? The Methods of Anti-Masons Archived 2013-12-02 at the Wayback Machine, Arturo de Hoyos and S. Brent Morris, M. Evans & Company pub, 2004
  37. ^ Baal: Kjos Ministries website: Freemasons - Roots & Links to the Occult; Baphomet:; Dajjal: Atheistic freemasonry - Harun Yahya website
  38. ^ G.A.O.T.U. Archived 2004-08-19 at the Wayback Machine
  39. ^ "Freemasonry is a Non-Christian Occult Religion". Archived from the original on August 6, 2004.
  40. ^ "Freemasonry".
  41. ^ "Satanic Voices : Ancient & Modern - Unmasking Jehovah Jah-Bul-On".
  42. ^ Name of Deity (
  43. ^ McHugo, John (2013). A CONCISE HISTORY OF THE ARABS. The New Press, 38 Greene Street, New York, NY 10013: The New Press. pp. 162–163. ISBN 978-1-59558-950-7. Rida’s adoption of Wahhabism would also seem to be connected with a very disturbing feature of his later thought. ... . From the late 1920s onwards, he mined the most hostile traditions to Jews in Islam and combined such material with the conspiracy theories of European anti-Semitism to attack the Zionist project and Jews in general. He claimed that the Torah exhorted Jews to exterminate people that they conquered, and that the Jews rebelled against God by killing the prophets he sent them after Moses. They invented Freemasonry and the Western banking system, and in recent years had created capitalism in Western Europe and Communism in Eastern Europe with which to plot against the European nations. From this final period in his life, we can see the origins of the anti-Semitism which has infected some parts of the Arab and Muslim struggle against Zionism and is now reflected,.. in the Hamas charter and the propagation of Holocaust denial in sections of the Arabic media.CS1 maint: location (link)
  44. ^ "Corporate Logos". Archived from the original on August 14, 2004.
  45. ^ Aho, Barbara, "George Washington", Watch Unto Prayer [], archived from the original on 2004-08-03[unreliable source?]
  46. ^ "Masonic Symbols in Washington". Archived from the original on September 7, 2004.
  47. ^ Hodapp, Christopher L., Solomon's Builders: Freemasons, Founding Fathers and the Secrets of washington D.C., Ulysses Press, 2007, ISBN 1-56975-579-5
  48. ^ "United States Presidents and The Illuminati / Masonic Power Structure". Archived from the original on January 13, 2011.
  49. ^ ""NASA Masonic Conspiracy - Apollo Missions Masonic Symbols"". Archived from the original on November 3, 2006.
  50. ^ Dubay, Eric (2014). The Flat-Earth Conspiracy. p. 11. ISBN 978-1312627161. The greatest cover-up of all time, NASA and Freemasonry’s biggest secret, is that we are living on a plane, not a planet, that Earth is the flat, stationary center of the universe.
  51. ^ Wang, Amy B.; Selk, Avi (November 24, 2017). "A flat-Earther's plan to launch himself in a homemade rocket just hit a speed bump". Science. The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 24, 2018. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  52. ^ "Who's the Enemy: -- The End of Days Begun?" Archived 2008-09-14 at the Wayback Machine "What is not commonly known is that the roots of modern Freemasonry extend far beyond the mid-eighteenth Century, all the way back to ancient Egypt, and more importantly; through a Middle Ages movement commonly known as the "Knight's[sic] Templar. It is, we now suspect, the remnants of this Templar/Masonic/American axis that were the true target of these attacks -- in other words, September 11th was a direct thrust at the heart of the American Revolutionary Experiment … in the critical year of 2001."
  53. ^ "Separating Fact from Fiction: The Reptilian Elite". July 15, 2009. Accessed July 26, 2016.
  54. ^ A claim first made by Steven Knight in his book Jack the Ripper: The Final Solution (1976), but repeated by others since. See: Jack the Ripper, Masonic conspiracy page at
  55. ^ An end to the mystery of God's Banker?, BBC Magazine, 31 March 2004
  56. ^ James Shelby Downard, and Michael A. Hoffman II. "King-Kill/33°: Masonic Symbolism in the Assassination of John F. Kennedy Archived 2007-03-18 at the Wayback Machine", 1987. Website excerpt, 1998. Retrieved 16 July 2007.
  57. ^ "Freemasonry and The Illuminati".

External links[edit]

  • Conspiracy of Hate – A Christian Perspective on the un-Christian Tactics of the anti-Masons, A.W.Harper, 1995.