|Autonomous community||Canary Islands|
|Municipality||San Bartolomé de Tirajana|
Maspalomas (//, Spanish: [maspaˈlomas]) is a tourist town in the south of the island of Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, stretching from Bahía Feliz in the east to Meloneras in the west, including the resort towns of San Agustín and Playa del Inglés. Maspalomas constitutes the southernmost part of the municipality of San Bartolomé de Tirajana, and of the island.
Before the era of tourism, Maspalomas was the name of a hamlet in what today is San Fernando de Maspalomas. Its name may derive from that of Rodrigo Mas de Palomar, a settler and soldier from Majorca, or from Francisco Palomar, a Genoese friend of Alonso Fernandez de Lugo who purchased 87 Guanche slaves from Güímar and settled in the area.
Present-day Maspalomas is the result of an ambitious development project, organized in the form of an International Ideas Contest (opened to any member of the International Union of Architects), held in 1961 under the auspice of Alejandro del Castillo, owner and promoter of most of the space under construction. The contest was won by the French office SETAP (including the urbanist Guy Lagneau and the economist Michel Weill) and covered the 1,060 hectares (2,600 acres) and 19 kilometres (12 mi) of coast that constitute the core area of Maspalomas - Costa Canaria. The contest paved the way for a particular way of understanding "touristic" urbanism that served as model for later tourists developments in other Canary Islands.
Unlike the resort-like development model later extended to other locations in the Canary Islands and the Caribbean, Maspalomas has a personality on its own, as it evolved into a fully equipped town much closer to the "touristic" concept of destinations like Palm Springs, California or Palm Beach, Florida. It has a variety of infrastructure and public institutions rarely seen in other touristic areas, including private clinics and two hospitals, local and foreign schooling institutions (Spanish, English and Swedish schools), shopping & convention centres, two casinos, English-language cinema, golf courses, sports centers, thematic parks and a Summer University (in collaboration with the university of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, mainly focused on tourism-related activities).
Maspalomas serves as the base for Gran Canaria's only English language newspaper, which serves a print readership in excess of 20,000 every month and reaches up to another 30,000 readers on-line.
It has a wide range of accommodation on offer, although the urbanism concept speaks of an horizontal expansion (Bungalows) rather than high rises.
The area includes the Natural Reserve of the Dunes of Maspalomas, which constitutes an important landmark of Gran Canaria. Much appreciated as a winter destination for foreign tourists, mostly from north-European countries (Sweden, Norway, Germany, Netherlands, etc.), it remains as the largest tourist destination in the Canary Islands and a worldwide-known destination for LGBT tourism.
There is a 56-metre-high (184 ft) lighthouse, named El Faro de Maspalomas, at the southern point of the resort from where the 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) long beach and Maspalomas Dunes, a nature reserve since 1897, lead to Playa del Inglés. Maspalomas beach is adjacent to the lighthouse. It is a highlight of the town. It slopes gently into the ocean and is patrolled by Life guards.
Maspalomas is served by the Faro de Maspalomas bus station run by the Gran Canaria Transport Authority, which is located near the lighthouse at the end of Avenida Cristobal Colon. Bus services operated by Global Transport provide connections to other tourist resorts and towns in the south of the island, including Playa del Inglés, Mogán, as well as to towns along the east coast and to the island capital, Las Palmas.
Plans have existed for several years to construct a rail link, called Tren de Gran Canaria, connecting Maspalomas to Gran Canaria Airport and Las Palmas. A terminus station is planned at Meloneras underneath Av. Cristóbal Colón, near the lighthouse. The scheme, estimated to cost €1,500 million, has not been confirmed due to funding problems.
- Instituto Canario de Estadística Archived 2014-04-24 at the Wayback Machine., population
- "Playa de Maspalomas - Noticias, tiempo,actividades y webcams de Playa de Maspalomas". Archived from the original on 2007-05-04.
- The Canary News, Views & Sunshine
- "Photographs of the town of Maspalomas, August 2016". Independent Travellers. independent-travellers.com. Retrieved July 17, 2017.
- Bramwell, Alex. "Bus Travel from Maspalomas & Playa del Inglés". Gran Canaria Info. Retrieved 17 November 2018.
- "Al tren 'solo' le faltan 1.500 millones". www.canarias7.es (in Spanish). 16 September 2018. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
- "Estación de Maspalomas". Ferrocarriles de Gran Canaria. 26 January 2011. Retrieved 16 November 2018.
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