Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region

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Metro Train System (MRT BTS ARL) in Bangkok Thailand
Bkk masstransit 2020 clear version english wiki-01.png
Opened transit lines map as of August 2021
Overview
OwnerBMA, MRTA, and SRT
LocaleBangkok Metropolitan Region
Transit typeRapid transit consisting of Heavy rail (metro & commuter rail) lines & light rail (monorail & people mover) lines
Number of linesCurrent: 8 lines (Total planned: 15 lines)
Number of stations135 out of planned 310[a]
Daily ridership1.5 million
Operation
Began operation5 December 1999
Operator(s)BTS, BEM, and SRT
Technical
System length2021 Current Service: 210.25 km
2021 Under Construction: 99.4 km
2029 Planned total: 540 km
ElectrificationOverhead line and Third rail
Top speedMRT: 80 km/h
BTS: 80 km/h
Airport Rail Link(ARL): 160 km/h
SRT Red Lines: 160 km/h

The Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region, or M-Map, is the latest version in a series of Thai government plans for the development of an urban rail transit network serving the Greater Bangkok area. It was drafted under the care of the Office of Transport and Traffic Policy and Planning (OTP) of the Ministry of Transport.

Early Versions[edit]

Mass Rapid Transit Systems Master Plan (MTMP)[edit]

The first version of the plan, endorsed by the cabinet on 27 September 1994 and to be implemented from 1995 to 2011, consisted of an extension of 135 kilometres (84 mi) to the three systems already in progress (the MRT Blue Line, the Sukhumvit and Silom lines of the BTS Skytrain and the Bangkok Elevated Road and Train System (BERTS)), which would have had a combined length of 103 kilometres (64 mi).[1]

Urban Rail Transportation Master Plan in Bangkok and Surrounding Areas (URMAP)[edit]

Following the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis and the cancellation of the BERTS, a system totalling 375 kilometres (233 mi) to begin in 2001 was proposed, to be developed in three stages: 141.9 kilometres (88.2 mi) during 2001–11, 158.2 kilometres (98.3 mi) during 2012–21 and 75.3 kilometres (46.8 mi) from 2022 onwards.[1]

Bangkok Mass Transit Master Plan (BMT)[edit]

Due to the slow progress of development following URMAP, a new plan was drafted consisting of 475.05 kilometres (295.18 mi) of rail in addition to the then-completed MRT Blue Line, the Sukhumvit and Silom BTS lines, the MRT purple line, and the Airport Rail Link to undergo rapid development during 2010–29. The plan was approved by the cabinet in 2016, and consisted of the following extensions:

M-Map[edit]

The M-Map details plans for additional rapid transit lines in Bangkok Metropolitan Region.

The first M-Map plan was endorsed by the Commission for the Management of Land Traffic in 2010.[2] It designates eight primary routes, consisting of two commuter rail lines, an airport rail link, and five rapid transit lines, as well as five feeder lines. The routes, totaling 555.74 kilometres (345.32 mi), are to be constructed within a development period of twenty years (2010–29). They were:[3]

Primary lines
Rapid transit type Line Route
Heavy rail: Commuter SRT Dark Red Line Thammasat University – Rangsit – Bang Sue – Hua Lamphong – Bang Bon – Maha Chai
SRT Light Red Line Sala Ya – Taling Chan – Hua Mak
Heavy rail: Metro SRT Airport Rail Link Suvarnabhumi – Phaya Thai – Bang Sue – Don Mueang
Heavy rail: Metro BTS Light Green Line and extension of BTS East Outer Ring Road – Khu Khot – Saphan Mai – Mo Chit – On Nut – Bearing – Kheha Samut Prakan – Bang Pu
BTS Dark Green Line and extension of BTS Yot Se – Saphan Taksin – Bang Wa – Taling Chan
MRT Blue Line and extension of MRT Tha Phra – Bang Sue – Hua Lamphong – Tha Phra – Lak Song – Phutthamonthon Sai 4
MRT Purple Line Khlong Bang Phai – Tao Poon – Khru Nai
MRT Orange Line Bang Khun Non – Thailand Cultural Centre – Yaek Rom Klao
Feeder lines
Rapid transit type Line Route
Monorail MRT Pink Line Nonthaburi Civic Center – Min Buri
MRT Yellow Line Lat Phrao - Samrong
Grey Line Watcharaphon – Rama IX Bridge
Light Blue Line Pracha Songkhro – Chong Nonsi

Development would be divided into three stages, in addition to those lines already open or under construction.[4]

M-Map 2[edit]

The 2010 M-Map did not reflect more recent changes to the priority of constructing new rapid transit lines in Bangkok. While the Orange, Pink and Yellow lines received approval, the Grey Line and Light Blue lines are still under study. In March 2017 the Minister of Transport announced the development of M-Map 2[5] to be written by the Office of Transport and Traffic Policy and Planning in conjunction with the Japan International Cooperation Agency. The initial map listed the following lines in the current plan:[6]

Primary lines
Rapid transit type Line Route
Heavy rail: Commuter SRT Dark Red Line Thammasat University – Rangsit – Bang Sue – Hua Lamphong – Bang Bon – Maha Chai
SRT Light Red Line Sala Ya – Taling Chan – Hua Mak
Heavy rail: Commuter SRT Airport Rail Link and extension Suvarnabhumi – Phaya Thai – Bang Sue – Don Mueang
Heavy rail: Metro BTS Light Green Line East Outer Ring Road – Khu Khot – Saphan Mai – Mo Chit – On Nut – Bearing – Kheha Samut Prakan – Bang Pu
BTS Dark Green Line Yot Se – Saphan Taksin – Bang Wa – Taling Chan
MRT Blue Line Tha Phra – Bang Sue – Hua Lamphong – Tha Phra – Lak Song – Phutthamonthon Sai 4
MRT Purple Line Khlong Bang Phai – Tao Poon – Khru Nai
MRT Orange Line Bang Khun Non – Thailand Cultural Centre – Yaek Rom Klao
Feeder lines
Rapid transit type Line Route
Monorail MRT Pink Line and Impact Link Spur Line Nonthaburi Civic Center – (Si Rat – Mueang Thong Lake) – Min Buri
MRT Yellow Line Phaholyothin 24 – Lat Phrao – Samrong

Other lines not in M-Map[edit]

The Grey and Light Blue line remain under study. The MRT Brown Line which will link Nonthaburi Civic Center with the Lam Sali Intersection has been approved.

Additionally, a Gold Line from Krung Thonburi – Memorial Bridge, partially funded by property developer Siam Piwat is operational outside of the M-Map framework.

Rapid transit type Line Route
Monorail BMA Grey Line Watcharaphon – Rama IX Bridge
Light Blue Line Pracha Songkhro – Chong Nonsi
MRT Brown Line Nonthaburi Civic Center – Yaek Lam Sali
Automated guideway transit BMA Gold Line Krung Thonburi – Memorial Bridge
Light rail BMA Silver Line Bang Na – Suvarnabhumi

Overview[edit]

Overview as of August 2021 Distance (km) Metro Lines
Current Operations 210.25 km     Silom Line,     Sukhumvit Line,     Blue Line,     Airport Rail Link,     Purple Line,     Gold Line,     SRT Dark Red Line,     SRT Light Red Line
Under construction 99.4 km     Pink Line (2022),     Yellow Line (2022),     Orange Line (2024)
Future planning 257.5 km SRT Light Red Line exts, SRT Dark Red Line exts, Airport Rail Link ext, Purple Line southern ext, Orange Line western ext, Brown Line, BTS exts, BMA Grey Line
Total Planned 540 km

Current Operations[edit]

Current Operations of Metro System in Bangkok (as of August 2021)
Line Operator Route Length
km.
No. of
Stations
Year
Opened
Last
Extension
    Silom Line BTS National Stadium - Bang Wa 14.0 14 1999 2021
    Sukhumvit Line BTS Khu Khot - Kheha 53.9 47 1999 2020
    Blue Line BEM Tha Phra - Bang Sue - Lak Song 48.0 38 2004 2020
    Airport Rail Link SRT Phaya Thai-Suvarnabhumi Airport 28.6 8 2010 2010
    Purple Line BEM Tao Poon- Klong Bang Phai 23.6 16 2016 2016
    Gold Line BTS Krung Thonburi - Khlong San 1.8 3 2020 2020
    SRT Dark Red Line SRT Bang Sue Grand Station - Rangsit 21.6 10 2021 2021
    SRT Light Red Line SRT Bang Sue Grand Station - Taling Chan 15 4 2021 2021
Total 210.25

Under construction[edit]

Line Rapid transit type Owner: Operator (if awarded) Stations Distance

(km)

Route Under construction since Scheduled operation
    Orange Line Eastern section Heavy rail: Metro MRTA 17 22.5 Thailand Cultural Centre ↔ Yaek Romklao June 2017 2023[7][8]
    Pink Line Monorail MRTA: NBM 30 34.5 Nonthaburi Civic Center ↔ Min Buri July 2018 2022[9][7][8][10]
    Yellow Line MRTA: EBM 23 30.4 Lat PhraoSamrong
Total (as of January 2022) 99.4 km

Future Planning[edit]

Compilation of plans, proposals, under construction, and operational lines and stations.
Line Rapid transit type Owner Stations
to be added
Projected Operation Length
km
Length
mile
Terminus
   Sukhumvit Line Heavy rail: Metro BMA 4 n/a 6.5 4.0 Khu KhotEastern Outer Ring
   Sukhumvit Line Heavy rail: Metro BMA n/a KhehaBang Pu
   Silom Line Heavy rail: Metro BMA 6 n/a 7.50 4.66 Bang WaTaling Chan
   Silom Line Heavy rail: Metro BMA 1 n/a 1.0 0.62 National StadiumYot Se
   Blue Line western extension Heavy rail: Metro MRTA 4 n/a 8.0 5.0 Lak SongPhutthamonthon Sai 4
   Orange Line western extension Heavy rail: Metro MRTA 12 est. 2026 17.5 10.9 Thailand Cultural CentreBang Khun Non
   Purple Line southern extension Heavy rail: Metro MRTA 17 2027[11] 23.60[12] 14.66 Tao PoonRat Burana
   SRT Dark Red Line (phase II) Heavy rail: Commuter SRT 5 est. 2028[13] 6.05 3.76 Bang SueHua Lamphong
   SRT Dark Red Line (phase III) Heavy rail: Commuter SRT 4 est. 2026[13] 8.75 5.44 Thammasat ↔ Rangsit
   SRT Dark Red Line (phase IV) Heavy rail: Commuter SRT 8 n/a 13.18 8.19 Hua Lamphong ↔ Bang Bon
   SRT Dark Red Line (phase V) Heavy rail: Commuter SRT 12 n/a 21.00 13.05 Bang Bon ↔ Maha Chai
   SRT Light Red Line (phase II) Heavy rail: Commuter SRT 6 est. 2028[13] 18.80 11.68 Bang Sue ↔ Hua Mak
   SRT Light Red Line (phase III) Heavy rail: Commuter SRT 6[b] est. 2026[13] 12.98 8.07 Taling ChanSala Ya Station
   SRT Light Red Line (phase III) Heavy rail: Commuter SRT 3 est. 2026[13] 5.38 3.34 Taling ChanThonburi-Siriraj
   Airport Rail Link (phase II) Heavy rail: Commuter SRT 1 est. 2024 6.68 4.15 Bang SuePhaya Thai
   Airport Rail Link (phase III) Heavy rail: Commuter SRT 1 est. 2024 15.40 9.57 Don MueangBang Sue
   Grey Line Monorail BMA 21 n/a 26.0 16.2 Vatcharapol ↔ Rama 9 Bridge
   Silver Line Light Rail BMA 14 n/a 24.0 14.9 Bang NaSuvarnabhumi
   Brown Line Monorail MRTA 21 n/a 22.0 13.7 Nonthaburi Civic CenterLam Sali
Bangkok's Mass Rapid Transit & Commuter Train Network (Updated December 2019)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Internal interchange stations are counted only once
  2. ^ Including Rama VI and Bang Kruai-EGAT infill stations.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Archived copy" เส้นทางปรับแผนรถไฟฟ้า. Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region website (in Thai). Office of Transport and Traffic Policy and Planning. Archived from the original on 2 January 2011. Retrieved 16 January 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Hoonsara, Samatcha; Jeerawan Prasomsap (9 February 2010). "Commission approves new Skytrain routes". The Nation. Archived from the original on 2011-02-21. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
  3. ^ แผนแม่บทระบบขนส่งมวลชนทางรางในเขตกรุงเทพฯและปริมณฑล พ.ศ.2553-2572 [Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region] (PDF) (in Thai). Office of Transport and Traffic Policy and Planning. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
  4. ^ ความก้าวหน้าโครงการ. Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region website (in Thai). Office of Transport and Traffic Policy and Planning. Archived from the original on 11 January 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
  5. ^ ไทย-ญี่ปุ่น เร่งศึกษาแผนแม่บทรถไฟฟ้า. banmuang.co.th (in Thai). Retrieved 2017-08-12.
  6. ^ "Development of the 2nd Blueprint for Bangkok Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan (M-MAP2)" (PDF).
  7. ^ a b www.dotproperty.co.th (18 December 2018). อัปเดต ความคืบหน้ารถไฟฟ้า ปี 2019 แต่ละสายมีภาพรวมพร้อมใกล้เปิดให้บริการหรือยัง (in Thai). Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  8. ^ a b www.thairath.co.th (7 January 2019). อัปเดตรถไฟฟ้า "มหานครระบบราง" พลิกโฉมหน้าการจราจรกรุงเทพฯ (in Thai). Retrieved 2 August 2021.
  9. ^ "'ศบศ.' เร่งลงทุน 1.2 ล้านล้าน ลุยเมกะโปรเจคเสริมแกร่งหลังโควิด". www.bangkokbiznews.com/.
  10. ^ Theparat, Chatrudee (12 January 2021). "Mass transit vow reaffirmed". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  11. ^ "Purple Line construction 'won't damage' old temple". Bangkok Post. 9 March 2021. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  12. ^ Wancharoen, Supoj (12 November 2021). "MRTA readies bidding for for[sic] Purple Line extension". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  13. ^ a b c d e f "เปิดไทม์ไลน์(ใหม่) "ส่วนต่อขยายรถไฟฟ้าสายสีแดง"" (in Thai). Retrieved 2021-12-27.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

External links[edit]