Mass operations of the NKVD
in the Soviet Union
|Prisons and Camps|
Mass operations of the People's Comissariate of Internal Affairs (NKVD) were carried out during the Great Purge and targeted specific categories of people. As a rule, they were carried out according to the corresponding order of the People's Commissar of Internal Affairs Nikolai Yezhov.
- Ex-kulaks, criminals, and other anti-Soviet elements ~386,798 killed
- Traitor of Motherland Family Members
- Kharbin operation of the NKVD ~30,992 killed
National operations of the NKVD
- Polish Operation of the NKVD ~111,091 killed
- German Operation of the NKVD ~41,898 killed
- Greek Operation of NKVD ~20,000—50,000 
- Latvian Operation of the NKVD 16,573 killed
- Korean Operation of the NKVD ~40,000 killed
- Romanian Operation of the NKVD
- Estonian Operation of the NKVD
- Finnish Operation of the NKVD
On November 17, 1938 a joint decree No. 81 of Sovnarkom USSR and Central Committee of Communist Party of the Soviet Union Decree about Arrests, Prosecutor Supervision and Course of Investigation and the subsequent order of the NKVD undersigned by Lavrentiy Beria cancelled most of NKVD orders of mass type (but not all, see, e.g., NKVD Order no. 00689) and suspended implementation of death sentences, signifying the end of the Great Purge ("Yezhovshchina").
- Vadim Rogovin "The Party of the Executed" (1997) ISBN 5-85272-026-7, Chapter 1: "Mass Operations" (in Russian)
- Snyder, Timothy (2012). Bloodlands: Europe Between Hitler and Stalin. Basic Books. p. 81. ISBN 978-0465002399.
- "Ukraine: Secret service publishes Stalin files".
- Eric J. Schmaltz. "Soviet "Paradise" Revisited: Genocide, Dissent, Memory and Denial" (PDF). GRHS Heritage Society. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 18, 2011. Retrieved April 26, 2011.
- Н.Охотин, А.Рогинский, Москва. Из истории "немецкой операции" НКВД 1937-1938 гг.Chapter 2
- Will Englund (November 12, 2012). "Greeks of the steppe". Washington Post. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
- Agtzidis 1991, p. 372—382. sfn error: no target: CITEREFAgtzidis1991 (help)
- Björn M. Felder: Lettland im Zweiten Weltkrieg. p. 72.
- Pohl, J. Otto (1999), Ethnic Cleansing in the USSR, 1937-1949, Greenwood, page 13-14
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