Massachusetts Appeals Court
The Massachusetts Appeals Court is the intermediate appellate court of Massachusetts. It was created in 1972 as a court of general appellate jurisdiction. The court is located at the John Adams Courthouse at Pemberton Square in Boston, the same building which houses the Supreme Judicial Court and the Social Law Library.
The court hears most appeals from the departments of the Trial Courts of Massachusetts, including the Massachusetts Land Court, the Department of Industrial Accidents, the Appellate Tax Board, and the Commonwealth Employment Relations Board.
Some types of appeals are not heard before the Appeals Court. For example, an appeal from a conviction of first degree murder goes directly to the Supreme Judicial Court. The Supreme Judicial Court can also elect to bypass review by the Appeals Court and hear a case on "direct appellate review." In the District Court Department, appeals in certain civil cases are made first to the Appellate Division of the District Court before being eligible for appeal to the Appeals Court. After a decision by the Appeals Court, parties may seek "further appellate review" by requesting review by the Supreme Judicial Court.
The Appeals Court usually hears cases in three-judge panels, which rotate so that every judge has an opportunity to sit with every other judge. However, single judges will often hear interlocutory appeals concerning such issues as court orders, stays of civil proceedings, and awards of attorney's fees. The Appeals Court consists of twenty-five active justices as well as several recall justices who despite having retired continue to assist the Court with its case load. Appeals are heard from September through June at the John Adams Courthouse as well as at special sessions held at various locations such as law schools throughout Massachusetts.
The Chief Justice of the Appeals Court is Scott L. Kafker.
Twenty-five Justices sit on the Appeals Court: one Chief Justice and 24 Associate Justices. If an Appellate Justice (that is, a Justice of either the Appeals Court or of the Supreme Judicial Court) attains age 70 and retires, he or she may be recalled to active service on the Appeals Court as needed. Currently, no recall Justices are serving. The court's members are:
- Chief Justice Scott L. Kafker
- Justice Elspeth Cypher
- Justice Janis M. Berry
- Justice Cynthia J. Cohen
- Justice Mark V. Green
- Justice Joseph A. Trainor
- Justice Ariane D. Vuono
- Justice Andrew R. Grainger
- Justice William J. Meade
- Justice Peter J. Rubin
- Justice Gabrielle R. Wolohojian
- Justice James R. Milkey
- Justice Sydney Hanlon
- Justice Judd J. Carhart
- Justice Peter W. Agnes, Jr.
- Justice Mary T. Sullivan
- Justice Diana Maldonado
- Justice Amy Lyn Blake
- Justice Gregory Massing
- Justice C. Jeffrey Kinder
- Allan M. Hale Chief Justice, 1972-1984, Recall Justice, 1984. First Chief Justice of the court.
- Christopher J. Armstrong Associate Justice, 1972–2000, Chief Justice, 2000–2006, Recall Justice, 2006–2008. One of the original six Justices of the Court, fourth Chief Justice and the longest serving of the original members.
- Susan S. Beck Associate Justice, 1997–2006. One of the most scholarly members of the Court, came to the Court after a lengthy career in public service, was so dedicated to her work that she was known to sleep on the couch in her chambers and was dedicated to fostering collegiality and joy among her colleagues.
- Frederick L. Brown Associate Justice, 1976-2003, Recall Justice, 2003-2015. First African-American appointed to an appellate court in Massachusetts, served nearly 40 years on the Appeals Court.  
- R. Ammi Cutter Recall Justice, 1980–1990. At the age of 78, Justice Cutter was recalled to the Appeals Court after sixteen years on the SJC. Renowned and influential jurist.
- Raya Dreben Associate Justice, 1979-1997, Recall Justice, 1997-2001. Second woman appointed to the Court. 
- Francis R. Fecteau, Associate Justice, 2008-2015. 
- Edith W. Fine Associate Justice, 1984–1995. Third woman appointed to the Court after Charlotte Peretta and Raya Dreben. Served in a wide variety of positions before coming to the Court, ranging from SJC Law Clerk to ACLU-Maryland Staff Attorney to Assistant Corporation Counsel in Boston. In addition to her jurisprudence, steered reformation of the judicial process in the Commonwealth.
- J. Harold Flannery Associate Justice, 1995-1998
- Gerald Gillerman Associate Justice, 1990–1994, Recall Justice, 1994–2002. Purple Heart Winner who became a lawyer after having a severely damaged leg, worked to make law comprehensible to all.
- Reuben Goodman 1972–1982. One of the original six appointees in 1972, formerly served as the chief appellate public defender in the Commonwealth and was a special advisor to ACLU founder Roger Baldwin in Korea.
- Malcolm Graham Associate Justice, 2004-2015.
- Donald Grant Associate Justice, 1972–1988. One of the original six appointees in 1972, came to the Court as an Appellate expert, and, in addition to outstanding jurisprudential contributions, innovated internal procedures that helped establish the Court in its own right.
- Joseph Grasso Associate Justice, 2001-2015
- John Greaney Associate Justice, 1978–1984, Chief Justice, 1984–1989. Second Chief Justice of the Appeals Court after Allan Hale.
- Mel Greenberg Associate Justice, 1990-2007. Worcester native, former legal director of the Civil Liberties Union of Massachusetts, served on the District and Superior Courts, now an appellate advocate.  
- R. Marc Kantrowitz Associate Justice, 2001-2015. 
- Benjamin Kaplan Recall Justice, 1983–1991, 1993–2005. Worked on United States v. One Book Called Ulysses, served as a Nuremberg Prosecutor, Professor at Harvard Law (and authority on civil procedure), Justice of the Supreme Judicial Court, and, subsequently, a long-serving Recall Justice on the Appeals Court.
- Rudolph Kass, Associate Justice, 1979-2000, Recall Justice, 2000-2003. One of the most prolific, soundest and most colorful writers on the Court and is still active as a mediator.    
- Charlotte Anne Perretta Associate Justice, 1978–2009. First woman appointed to the Appeals Court, served as Senior Associate Justice from 2003–2009.
- Elizabeth Porada Associate Justice, 1990-2003, Recall Justice 2003-2004.
- Phillip Rapoza Associate Justice, 1998-2006, Chief Justice, 2006-2015. 
- David S. Rose Associate Justice, 1972-1976, Recall Justice, 1978-1985.
- Mitchell J. Sikora, Jr. Associate Justice, 2006-2014
- Kent B. Smith Associate Justice, 1981–1997, Recall Justice, 1997–2012. First attorney appointed to serve indigent criminal defendants in Western Massachusetts, authored the authoritative treatise on criminal practice and procedure in the Commonwealth. Still was serving actively on recall at the time of his death.