Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association
The Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association (est.1795) of Boston, Massachusetts, was "formed for the sole purposes of promoting the mechanic arts and extending the practice of benevolence." Founders included Paul Revere, Jonathan Hunnewell, and Benjamin Russell. Through much of the 19th century, the association organized conferences and exhibitions devoted to innovation in the mechanical arts.
The group first met in 1795 at the Green Dragon Tavern. Paul Revere acted as chairman. Subsequent meetings took place at Concert Hall and elsewhere. The group officially incorporated in 1806. Its constitution proclaimed:
"It is universally admitted that the combined operation of the mechanic powers hath been the source of those useful inventions and scientific arts, which have given to polished society its wealth, conveniences, respectability, and defence, and which have ameliorated the condition of its citizens. Rational, therefore, is the inference, that the association of those who conduct those powers will prove highly beneficial to them, by promoting mutual good offices and fellowship; -- by assisting the necessitous; -- encouraging the ingenious; -- and rewarding the faithful."
Founding members included tailors, hatters, hairdressers, bakers, blacksmiths, whitesmiths, goldsmiths, watchmakers, coopers, engine-builders, painters, printers, bookbinders, booksellers, curriers, shipwrights, riggers, sailmakers, ropemakers, cabinet-makers, housewrights, masons, bricklayers, paint-sellers, saddlers, farriers, furriers, cordwainers, silk-dyers. Among the first members were Paul Revere and Paul Revere, Jr., goldsmiths; Benjamin Russell, printer; David West, bookseller; Samuel Perkins, painter; Ephraim Thayer, engine-builder; Jedediah Lincoln, housewright; Edmund Hartt, shipwright; Samuel Gore, painter; and several dozen others. Later members included Joseph T. Buckingham, Alexander Parris and Thomas Waldron Sumner.
Festivals & exhibitions
Beginning in 1809 the association held "Triennial Festivals" which continued through the 19th-century. The festivals alternated venues, sometimes taking place in Faneuil Hall, sometimes in the Music Hall, and elsewhere. From 1837, the association organized large exhibitions of mechanical innovations and related curiosities. The exhibitions, which took place every two years, were held in large indoor spaces such as Quincy Hall.
In 1820, William Wood established a library that continued under the supervision of the main body of the association until 1828, when the newly formed Mechanic Apprentices Library Association took over. The Apprentices Library then operated for several decades thereafter. In 1892 the library ceased; its collections were "distributed throughout repositories in Boston.
During the early 19th century the association promoted efforts to expand educational opportunities for apprentices and other boys. One outcome was the establishment in 1821 of the first public high school in America, the English High School of Boston (originally the English Classical School). A number of prominent members of the association served on the school committee that created English High School. The school was also modeled after a similar effort by the mechanics of Edinburgh, Scotland.
It also ran "an evening school in the mechanical arts" 1820-1859. "In 1900 the first classes of the MCMA Trade School began. The Trade School provided classes in electrical wiring, drafting, and carpentry, among many others. During World War I, the enrollment dropped substantially and the school closed in 1917. Following this closure the MCMA promoted classes held at the Wentworth Institute of Technology in Boston."
Around the 1860s and 1870s the association's Mechanics Hall was located at Bedford Street and Chauncy Street. A new Mechanics Hall was constructed for the association in 1881 on Huntington Avenue, at West Newton Street near Copley Square. Architect William Gibbons Preston designed it. Like its predecessor, the new Mechanics Building featured an auditorium, sometimes referred to as the Grand Hall. The building was demolished in 1959. By 1988 the association conducted its business from quarters in Quincy, Massachusetts.
- Mechanics Hall (Boston, Massachusetts), Huntington Ave.
- Constitution of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association, Boston: Crocker and Brewster, 1855
- Joseph Tinker Buckingham (1853). Annals of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association. Crocker.
- Boston Young Men's Christian Association (1901), Historic Boston: sight-seeing tours around the Hub, Pilgrim Press
- John Hayward (1857), New England Gazetteer, O. Clapp
- Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association (1853), Catalogue of the Library, Boston: Damrell & Moore
- Report of the Committee on the Library, in relation to the Mechanic Apprentices Library Association, Boston: Printed at the Office of the Bunker Hill Aurora, 1859
- Massachusetts Historical Society. "Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association Records, 1791-1995: Guide to the Collection".
- Boston Directory. 1838.
- Associated Charities of Boston (1891). Directory of the Charitable and Beneficent Organizations of Boston. Damrell & Upham.
- Boston Directory. 1861.
- Moses King (1881). King's Handbook of Boston.
- Mass. Charitable Mechanic Association. Order of exercises at the dedication of Mechanic's Hall, Tuesday March 27, 1860, commencing at half past seven o'clock, 1860
- Proceedings on the occasion of laying the corner-stone of the building for all the uses of the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association, March 15, 1881, Boston: Rockwell and Churchill, 1881
- Grand Italian opera ... Season of 8 performances ... commencing Monday, March 17, 1890, Mechanics' Building, Grand Hall, Boston, 1890
- Boston Public Library. "Sports Temples of Boston". Retrieved September 11, 2009.
- William Hilliard (1827), An address delivered before the Massachusetts Charitable Mechanic Association, October 4, 1827: being the anniversary for the choice of officers, and the seventh triennial celebration of their public festival, Cambridge, Mass.: Printed by Hilliard, Metcalf, and Co.
- Howard M. Wach (1995). "'Expansive Intellect and Moral Agency': Public Culture in Antebellum Boston". Proceedings of the Massachusetts Historical Society. 107. JSTOR 25081101.
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- MCMA exhibitions
- Mechanics Hall, Bedford Street (1860s-1870s)
- Mechanics Hall, Huntington Avenue (1881-1959)