Massachusetts Horticultural Society
Commune Bonum (Latin)|
|Formation||12 June 1829|
|Founder||William H. Sumner|
|Founded at||Boston, Massachusetts|
The Massachusetts Horticultural Society, sometimes abbreviated to MassHort, is an American horticultural society based in Massachusetts. It describes itself as the oldest formally organized horticultural institution in the United States. In its mission statement, the society dedicates itself to encouraging the science and practice of horticulture and developing the public's enjoyment, appreciation, and understanding of plants and the environment. As of 2014, it had some 5,000 members.
The society was established in 1829 in Boston as the Boston Horticultural Society, and promptly began weekly exhibits (in Faneuil Hall and Quincy Market) of locally grown fruit and later vegetables, teaching the newest horticultural techniques and breeds, including the local Concord grape in 1853. It continued this tradition from 1871 through 2008 with its annual New England Spring Flower Show.
In 1831 the society bought a 72-acre (290,000 m2) estate called "Sweet Auburn" for an arboretum, garden, and cemetery. Although the horticultural garden never materialized, in 1835 the site was incorporated as Mount Auburn Cemetery. Until 1976, the society received one-fourth of the proceeds from the sale of Mount Auburn's cemetery lots.
In its early years, the Society met in various locations in Boston. Starting in 1845, the society has built for itself three successive exhibit halls, each named "Horticultural Hall." The first was located on School Street; the second on Tremont Street, and the third on Massachusetts Avenue. Since 2001 the society's headquarters have been at the Elm Bank Horticulture Center (36 acres) in Wellesley. The 36 acres (150,000 m2) encompass multiple gardens including an acre-sized one designed by prominent UK plantsman Adrian Bloom. Other gardens include the Weezie's Children's Garden, an Italianate Garden, a floral and vegetable trial gardens run as part of the All-America Selection group, and specialty gardens built around rhododendron, daylilies, herbs and natrive plants.
In 2008 the society found itself in financial difficulty. Following revelation that then-new executive director Bob Feige had spent three days in jail the year before for failing to pay employees at a former business he owned, the trustees began a detailed review of the books which revealed the organization to be "essentially broke and facing a stack of bills with no way to pay them." Feige resigned after the trustees presented the facts, but it was apparent that problems were building over a number of years due to overspending. In 2002 the society sold $5.25 million of rare books and prints to raise cash, at which time the Massachusetts Attorney General strongly advised the society to educate its trustees on sound financial practices. In order to conserve cash the society decided to not hold the New England Spring Flower Show in 2009 for the first time since 1871, opting instead for a truncated event in downtown Boston called 'Blooms".
In September 2009, MassHort announced that it would incorporate "Blooms" as part of the Boston Flower & Garden Show, produced by the Paragon Group, Inc., a privately held events marketing group. That show took place in March 2010 at the Seaport World Trade Center. MassHort took responsibility for two floral design competitions, amateur horticulture competition, Ikebana displays, plant society displays and one day of lectures. In its May 2010 newsletter, 'The Leaflet', MassHort described the venture as 'financially successful'. Also in its May 2010 newsletter, MassHort reported it had reached agreement with the bulk of its remaining creditors by selling off an additional group of books from its collection.
Mass Hort 2011 and Beyond
In January 2011 the Board of Trustees hired Katherine K. Macdonald as Executive Director/President of the Society after the Board stabilized the organization's financials. During the period from 2011 to the writing of this note (2014) Massachusetts Horticultural Society has expanded it programming, delivering its educational mission of promoting horticulture and the understanding of the natural world.
Contemporary programs, include: The Garden to Table Program, which offers the public an opportunity to come together in a beautiful and welcoming setting to learn about growing, cooking, and preserving healthy food; Thursday Night at the Hort: an adult horticulture lecture series; Plantmobile: youth science and horticulture outreach; Hands On Hort: experiential programs in the gardens; as well as the Gardeners Fair (May) help to connect people with horticulture. The Society continues it 116-year-old tradition of Honorary Medals in October, where we recoginize the outstanding contributions of horticulturalists, plant innovators, and those who have made significant contributions to the enjoyment and appreciation of plants and the environment. In November and December, the Festival of Trees provides an enjoyable family event to celebrate the holidays.
The Gardens at Elm Bank include twelve display gardens. In 2011, a new vegetable garden was designed to support the Garden to Table program. By 2013, this vegetable garden was producing over 4000 pounds of produce that was donated to two food pantries. The Welcome Garden near the parking lot entrance was added in 2012, designed by Paul Miskovsky. Improvements to the Italianate Garden included the restoration of the fountain, a central element to the garden. In January 2014 the Italianate Garden was featured on This Old House.
Since 2011, over $250,000 in capital investments have been made to the property, thanks to the generosity of foundation grants. A small staff and hundreds of volunteers, including Master Gardeners, work together to make the Gardens at Elm Bank a wonderful destination for visitors. Garden group tours are available Tuesdays at 10am from April 30 to October 1.
Mass Hort at the Flower Show provides the management of the amateur horticulture, floral design, Ikebana, and photography for Paragon Group, the owners of the Boston Flower & Garden Show. Working with hundreds of volunteers, committees, and amateur competitors, this important rite of spring continues for the public to learn and enjoy plants, flowers, and design.
- 1911 George R. White Medal of Honor - Victor Lemoine for his lifetime contributions to horticulture.
- 1921 George R. White Medal of Honor - Louisa Boyd Yeomans King, the first woman recipient.
- 1922 George R. White Medal of Honor - Albert Burrage for establishing an outstanding collection of rare orchids in Beverly, Massachusetts.
- 1937 Thomas Roland Medal Winner - Arlow Stout for his pioneering work in the hybridization of daylilies.
- 1952 Thomas Roland Medal Winner - Victor A. Tiedjens for his skill in hydroponics and his outstanding work in the field of vegetable gardening.
- Horticultural Hall, Boston (1845)
- Horticultural Hall, Boston (1865)
- Horticultural Hall, Boston (1901)
- Worcester County Horticultural Society
- Transactions of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society for the Year 1900. Boston: Massachusetts Horticultural Society. 1900. p. 1.
- "Come, Learn, Grow with Mass Hort". Massachusetts Horticultural Society. 2014. Retrieved 2015-06-30.
- "Horticultural exhibition". Gleason's Pictorial. Boston, Mass. 3. 1852.
- Ranalli, Ralph (7 September 2008). "Facing Trouble with Deep Roots". Boston Globe. Retrieved May 16, 2009.
- "Facing Trouble with Deep Roots"
- Bailey, Martha J., ed. (1994), "King, Louisa Boyd Yeomans", American Women in Science: A Biographical Dictionary, Denver, CO: ABC-CLIO, pp. 193–194, ISBN 0-87436-740-9
- "In Memorium". The American Orchid Society Bulletin. 1 (1). Washington, DC. June 1932. pp. 2–4. ISSN 1087-1950. OCLC 475125831.
- Carol Stocker. Her budding career. Boston Globe, February 17, 2011. Interview with Katherine K. Macdonald, executive director, Massachusetts Horticultural Society
- Leaflet Newsletter Archives: http://www.masshort.org/Leaflet
- "Transactions of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society". (fulltext via HathiTrust)
- Massachusetts Horticultural Society website
- Internet Archive.org: Assorted full−text publications of the MHSociety
- Earthlypursuits.com: The Garden Magazine (May 1917, page 234)
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