Massachusetts Route 9

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Route 9 marker

Route 9

Kneeland Street
Worcester-Boston Turnpike
Ted Williams Highway
United Spanish War Veterans Highway
Route 9 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by MassDOT
Length135.310 mi[1] (217.760 km)
Existedby 1933–present
Major junctions
West end US 20 in Pittsfield
Major intersections
East end Route 28 in Boston
Location
CountryUnited States
StateMassachusetts
CountiesBerkshire, Hampshire, Worcester, Middlesex, Norfolk, Suffolk
Highway system
Route 8A Route C9

Route 9 is a 135.310-mile-long (217.760 km) major east–west state highway in Massachusetts. Along with U.S. Route 20 (US 20), Route 2, and Interstate 90, Route 9 is one of the major east–west routes of Massachusetts. The western terminus is near the center of the city of Pittsfield. After winding through the small towns along the passes of the Berkshire Mountains, it crosses the college towns of the Pioneer Valley and then south of the Quabbin Reservoir and the rural areas of western Worcester County. Entering the city of Worcester from the southwest corner of the city, it passes through the center of the city and forms the major commercial thoroughfare through the MetroWest suburbs of Boston, parallel to the Massachusetts Turnpike. Crossing the Route 128 freeway circling Boston, it passes through the inner suburbs of Newton and Brookline along Boylston Street, and enters Boston on Huntington Avenue, before reaching its eastern terminus at Copley Square.

Route description[edit]

Route 9 passes through six counties and twenty-eight cities and towns. It begins in the western Massachusetts city of Pittsfield, at U.S. Route 20. After separating from US-20, it has a brief .2 mile concurrency with U.S. Route 7 through the center of that city, then continues east, passing through the towns of Dalton and Windsor, wherein the route reaches its highest point at 2033 ft, in Berkshire County. It continues its winding pass through the small towns of The Berkshires in Berkshire and western Hampshire Counties before passing through the center of Northampton, passing Smith College before its first interstate junction, at Interstate 91. It then crosses the Connecticut River at the Calvin Coolidge Bridge, just downstream from Elwell Island. It goes through the retail area of Hadley before passing the University of Massachusetts Amherst and Amherst College. From Amherst, it winds its way into western Worcester County, south of the Quabbin Reservoir, through small towns until it makes its way into the city of Worcester.

Once in Worcester, Route 9 becomes a major thoroughfare through the city, as Park Avenue, Highland Street (which passes Major Taylor Boulevard), before passing over Interstate 290 and Belmont Street, where University of Massachusetts Medical School and the former Worcester State Hospital are located. At its intersection with McRae Ct., it becomes a divided highway with raised median. From Worcester, it crosses Lake Quinsigamond into Shrewsbury. At this point, Route 9 becomes the main retail artery of the MetroWest region. Several plazas and chain stores are located along the route as it makes its way towards Northborough, where it crosses U.S. Route 20; Westborough, where it crosses Interstate 495; and eventually in the Golden Triangle retail area of Framingham and Natick, after crossing the Massachusetts Turnpike. It passes Shopper's World and the Natick Mall, New England's largest mall.

Beginning in the Golden Triangle, Route 9 becomes one of the major routes into Boston, serving as a valuable bypass to the Mass Pike and its tolls. It crosses Interstate 95 (also known as Massachusetts Route 128) in Wellesley before crossing the Charles River into Newton and Brookline as Boylston Street. It enters the city of Boston by crossing over Brookline's former namesake, the Muddy River, part of the Emerald Necklace. At this point it becomes Huntington Avenue, also known as "Avenue of the Arts". It loses its raised median briefly between its intersection with S. Huntington Ave. and Brigham Circle. It passes the Longwood Medical and Academic Area, which includes Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School and other hospitals; the Museum of Fine Arts; and several colleges and universities, including Northeastern University. This stretch is also a major site of baseball history; the first game of the 1903 World Series, baseball's first true World Series, was played at the Huntington Avenue Grounds, the original home of the Boston Red Sox. (The site is now part of Northeastern's campus.) The E branch of the MBTA Green Line roughly follows Huntington Avenue underground from Copley Square until it rises above ground at the Northeastern portal. It then operates in a dedicated median of Huntington Avenue between Northeastern University and the Brigham Circle stop, where trains begin street running in mixed traffic to a terminus at Heath Street. Route 9 continues past Symphony Hall and The First Church of Christ, Scientist, which is the mother church of Christian Science. It then passes Copley Place and the Prudential Center complex, before splitting, the eastbound half onto Stuart Street, the westbound onto Saint James Street, past Copley Square; both the eastbound and westbound segments of Route 9 end at Route 28.

History[edit]

Route 9 was established in 1933. It took over the alignment of what was Route 115 from Kenmore Square in Boston to Route 22 in North Grafton, part of the original route of US 20 between North Grafton and West Brookfield and the original Route 109 between West Brookfield and US 7 in Pittsfield. Route 9's original route in Boston was along Brookline Avenue from Kenmore Square turning west onto its current path along Boylston Street.[2] Between Worcester and Boston, Route 9 follows the path of the 19th-century Worcester Turnpike, opened in 1810. This route originally included a floating bridge over Lake Quinsigamond in Shrewsbury. From Dalton to Goshen in the Berkshires, the road follows the old Berkshire Trail. The massive expansion of the University of Massachusetts Amherst transformed that part of Route 9 in the late 20th century; this otherwise rural part of the route now has several shops, restaurants, and the mid-sized Hampshire Mall. In the 20th century, Route 9 became the focus for urban sprawl in towns like Newton and Wellesley. Further west, in Framingham, Route 9 was home to one of the first modern shopping malls, the aptly named Shoppers' World.[citation needed]

In Natick, Route 9 is officially the "Ted Williams Highway", named after the Red Sox sports legend Ted Williams, who sported that number.[3] In Newton, it is officially the "United Spanish War Veterans Highway".

From 1903 to 1932, the Boston and Worcester Street Railway ran mostly via Route 9. Today the E branch of the MBTA's Green Line follows Route 9 along Huntington Avenue.[citation needed]

Major intersections[edit]

CountyLocation[1]mi[1]kmDestinationsNotes
BerkshirePittsfield0.0000.000 US 20 – Lenox, Richmond, Albany, NYWestern terminus
0.3880.624


US 7 south to US 20 east – Lenox, Lee
Western terminus of concurrency with US 7
0.5550.893
US 7 north – Lanesborough, Williamstown
Eastern terminus of concurrency with US 7
3.5925.781
Route 8 north – Cheshire, Adams
Western terminus of concurrency with Route 8
Dalton5.9599.590
Route 8 south / Route 8A – Hinsdale, Becket
Eastern terminus of Route 8 concurrency; southern terminus of Route 8A; western terminus of Route 8A concurrency
Windsor12.21619.660
Route 8A north – Savoy
Eastern terminus of Route 8A concurrency
HampshireCummington21.87435.203
Route 112 south – Worthington
Western terminus of Route 112 concurrency
Goshen28.85046.430
Route 112 north – Ashfield, Buckland
Eastern terminus of Route 112 concurrency
Williamsburg34.13854.940
Route 143 west – Chesterfield, Worthington
Eastern terminus of Route 143
Northampton42.34568.148
Route 66 west – Westhampton
Eastern terminus of Route 66
42.38068.204
Route 10 south – Easthampton, Westfield
Western terminus of Route 10 concurrency
42.65968.653
US 5 / Route 10 north – Holyoke, Springfield, Greenfield
Eastern terminus of Route 10 concurrency
43.72770.372
I-91 south – Holyoke, Springfield
Exit 25 on I-91 north
Connecticut River44.04070.876Calvin Coolidge Bridge
Hadley45.59773.381 Route 47 – South Hadley, Sunderland, Montague
48.35577.820
Route 116 north – University of Massachusetts, Sunderland, South Deerfield
Western terminus of Route 116 concurrency
Amherst49.77480.103
Route 116 south – South Hadley, Holyoke
Eastern terminus of Route 116 concurrency
Belchertown58.70394.473 US 202 – Pelham, Athol, Belchertown Ctr
59.63195.967
Route 21 south – Ludlow, Springfield, Belchertown, Holyoke
Northern terminus of Route 21; road formerly went north before construction of the Quabbin Reservoir
Ware68.966110.990
Route 32 south – Palmer, Monson
Western terminus of Route 32 concurrency
70.565113.563
Route 32 north – Gilbertville, Barre
Eastern terminus of Route 32 concurrency
WorcesterWest Brookfield74.790120.363

Route 19 south / Route 67 south – Warren, Palmer
Northern terminus of Route 19; western terminus of Route 67 concurrency
75.888122.130
Route 67 north – North Brookfield
Eastern terminus of Route 67 concurrency
Brookfield78.564–
78.596
126.437–
126.488
Route 148 – Fiskdale, Sturbridge, North Brookfield, Barre30 yards (27 m) concurrency on Route 9
Spencer83.443134.288

Route 49 south to US 20 – Sturbridge
Northern terminus of Route 49
85.004136.801
Route 31 north – Paxton, Fitchburg
Western terminus of Route 31 concurrency
85.145137.028
Route 31 south – Charlton, Dudley
Eastern terminus of Route 31 concurrency
Leicester90.004144.847 Route 56 – Oxford, Paxton, Rutland
Worcester94.286151.739
Route 12 south – Auburn, Webster
Western terminus of Route 12 concurrency
95.465153.636
Route 122 / Route 122A south – Millbury, Grafton, Paxton, Barre
Western terminus of Route 122A concurrency
96.114154.680

Route 12 north / Route 122A north – West Boylston, Holden
Eastern terminus of Routes 12 / 122A concurrency
96.983156.079


Route 70 north to I-290 east – Boylston, Clinton, Shrewsbury, Marlboro
Southern terminus of Route 70
97.229156.475


I-290 west to I-395 south – Auburn, Norwich, CT
Exit 21 on I-290
Lake Quinsigamond99.298159.805Kenneth F. Burns Memorial Bridge
Western terminus of the Boston–Worcester Turnpike
Shrewsbury101.571163.463 Route 140 – Shrewsbury, GraftonInterchange via Grafton Street
Northborough103.702166.892 US 20 – Auburn, NorthboroCloverleaf interchange
Westborough105.585169.923 Route 135 – Westboro, Hopkinton, NorthboroInterchange
107.537173.064 Route 30 – Westboro, Southboro, North GraftonInterchange
108.116173.996Computer Drive / Research DriveInterchange
109.070175.531
I-495 to I-90 / Mass Pike – Cape Cod, Lowell
Exits 59A-B on I-495
Southborough111.121178.832 Route 85 – Hopkinton, Milford, Southboro, MarlboroCloverleaf interchange
MiddlesexFramingham112.949181.774
To Route 30 – Worcester, Southboro
Interchange via Pleasant Street Connector
113.759183.077 I-90 / Mass Pike – Springfield, BostonExit 111 on I-90 / Mass Pike
113.60182.82Eastern terminus of the Boston–Worcester Turnpike; western terminus of Worcester Street
116.096186.838
Route 30 west (Edgell Road) / Main Street – Framingham, Southborough
Interchange; western terminus of Route 30 concurrency
117.122188.490
Route 30 east
Interchange; eastern terminus of Route 30 concurrency (westbound)
117.441189.003
Route 30 east / Route 126 – Framingham, Milford, Wayland, Weston
Interchange; eastern terminus of Route 30 concurrency (eastbound)
118.097190.059Ring RoadShoppers World entrance; eastbound left exit and westbound entrance
Natick118.307190.397Shoppers World DriveShoppers World entrance; westbound exit and eastbound entrance
118.944191.422

Speen Street to I-90 / Route 30 / Mass Pike – Natick
Interchange
119.957193.052 Route 27 – Natick Center, Sherborn, Cochituate, Wayland, ConcordCloverleaf interchange
NorfolkWellesley122.360196.919Weston Road – Needham, WestonInterchange
124.551200.445 Route 16 – Wellesley Hills, NatickPartial interchange
125.896202.610Cedar Street – Newton Lower Falls, West Newton, Needham, DoverInterchange
126.545203.654 I-95 / Route 128 – Canton, Providence RI, Peabody, Portsmouth NHExits 36A-B on I-95 / Route 128
Charles River126.867204.173Bridge; eastern terminus of Worcester Street; western terminus of Boylston Street
MiddlesexNewton126.984204.361Chestnut Street – Upper Falls, WabanInterchange
127.956205.925Centre Street – Needham, Dedham, Newton CentreInterchange
128.609206.976Parker Street – Newton Centre, West RoxburyInterchange
129.748208.809Hammond Pond Parkway – West Roxbury, Hyde ParkInterchange
SuffolkBoston132.936213.940Jamaicaway south / Riverway north – Dedham, Providence RIInterchange
134.599216.616 Route 2A (Massachusetts Avenue) – Cambridge, RoxburyInterchange
135.028217.307Exeter StreetSplit of eastbound and westbound lanes into Stuart Avenue and Avenue of the Arts
135.055217.350 I-90 / Mass Pike west – New YorkEastbound exit and westbound entrance; Exit 133 on I-90 / Mass Pike
135.310217.760
Route 28 south (Clarendon Street)
Eastern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c MassDOT Planning Division. "Massachusetts Route Log Application". Massachusetts Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on August 26, 2014. Retrieved September 20, 2014.
  2. ^ Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Department of Public Works, 1932 Road Map and Detour Bulletin.
  3. ^ "Route 9 through the years". Retrieved 2012-08-12.

External links[edit]

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata