Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth

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Secretary of the Commonwealth of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Seal of Massachusetts.svg
Incumbent
Bill Galvin
since January 1, 1995
Style His Honor
Term length Four years
Inaugural holder John Avery, Jr.
Formation 1780
Website www.sec.state.ma.us

The Massachusetts Secretary of the Commonwealth (secretary of state) is the principal public information officer of the state government of the U.S. state of Massachusetts.

The Secretary of the Commonwealth oversees the Corporations Division, the Elections Division, the Massachusetts Archives, the Massachusetts Historical Commission, the Public Records Division, the Securities Division, and the State Records Center.

The current secretary is William F. Galvin.

List of Secretaries of the Commonwealth (1780 to present)[edit]

# Secretary of the Commonwealth Years Party Electoral/appointed history
1 John Avery, Jr..png
John Avery, Jr.
January 1, 1780 –
June 7, 1806[1]
Pro-Administration/Federalist Succeeded Samuel Adams, who had been Secretary of the Province of Massachusetts Bay from August 15, 1776 until January 1, 1780. Avery died in office, June 7, 1806.[1]
2 Jonathan L. Austin 1806 –
1808
Democratic-Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
3 William Tudor 1808 –
1810
Federalist [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
4 Benjamin Homans 1810 –
1812
Democratic-Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
5 Alden Bradford 1812 –
1824
Federalist/National Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
6 Edward D. Bangs 1824 –
1836
National Republican/Whig [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
7 Mayor JP Bigelow.png
John P. Bigelow
1836 –
1843
Whig [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
8 John A. Bolles 1843 –
1844
Whig [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
9 John Gorham Palfrey.jpg
John G. Palfrey
1844 –
1848
Whig [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
10 William Barron Calhoun.png
William B. Calhoun
January 1848[2]
1851
Whig[3] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
11 Amasa Walker.png
Amasa Walker
1851 –
1853
Whig [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
12 Ephraim M. Wright 1853 –
1856
Whig [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
13 Francis De Witt 1856 –
1858
Know Nothing [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
14 Oliver Warner 1858 –
1876
Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
15 Henry Bailey Pierce.png
Henry B. Pierce
1876 –
1891
Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
16 William Milo Olin.png
William M. Olin
1891 –
April 15, 1911
Republican Died in office April 15, 1911.
Acting Isaac H. Edgett April 15, 1911 –
April 28, 1911.[4]
Republican Edgett, was the First Deputy Secretary of the Commonwealth under William M. Olin.

As the First Deputy Secretary of the Commonwealth Edgett became the acting Secretary of the Commonwealth upon Olin's death. Edgett served as the acting Secretary of the Commonwealth[5] until Albert P. Langtry was elected by the Massachusetts legislature to serve out the remainder of Olin's term.

17 Albert P. Langtry 1920.png
Albert P. Langtry
April 28, 1911[4] Republican[6] Elected by the Legislature, on April 26, 1911, to fill the vacancy caused by
the death of William M. Olin. Langtry assumed the office of Secretary of the Commonwealth on April 28, 1911.[4]
18 Frank J. Donahue.png
Frank J. Donahue
January 15, 1913 –
1915
Democratic[6] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
19 Albert P. Langtry 1920.png
Albert P. Langtry
1915 –
1921
Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
20 Frederic W. Cook.png
Frederic W. Cook
1921 –
1949
Republican[7] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
21 Edward J. Cronin.png
Edward J. Cronin
1949 –
November 24, 1958
Democratic Died in office on November 24, 1958.
Acting J. Henry Goguen December 1, 1958 –
January 20, 1959
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
22 Joseph D. Ward.png
Joseph D. Ward
January 20, 1959 –
1961
Democratic[8] [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
23 Kevin H. White 1961 –
December 20, 1967
Democratic First elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964 to a four-year term after the length of terms was extended.
Resigned to become Mayor of Boston.
24 John Davoren.png
Jack Davoren
1967 –
1974
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
25 Paul H. Guzzi 1975 –
1978
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
26 Michael J. Connolly 1979 –
1994
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
27 William Francis Galvin, Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts (cropped).png
William F. Galvin
1995 –
present
Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Roberts, Oliver Ayer (1901), History of the Military company of the Massachusetts, now called the Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Massachusetts 1637-1888. Vol. II - 1738-1821, Boston, MA: Alfred Mudge & Son, Printers, p. 196. 
  2. ^ Dexter, Franklin Bowditch (1912), Biographical Sketches of the Graduates of Yale College With Annals of the College History, Vol. VI September; 1805 - September; 1815, New Haven, Ct: Yale University Press, p. 629. 
  3. ^ William B. Calhoun at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on October 6, 2007.
  4. ^ a b c Boston Daily Globe (April 29, 1911), LANGTRY IN NEW OFFICE. The Netherlands Club Pays Him a Visit and Presents Him a Bunch of Roses., Boston, Mass: Boston Daily Globe, p. 9. 
  5. ^ Boston Daily Globe (April 18, 1911), HOUSE RECORDED FOR INCOME TAX Walker Asks Reconsideration--- Senate Adopts 54-Hour Bill. Insane Hospital Inquiry Killed--- Anti-Lorimer Resolution. IMPORTANT EVENTS AT STATE HOUSE YESTERDAY., Boston, MA: The Boston Daily Globe, p. 1 
  6. ^ a b "FOSS AND FROTHINGHAM WIN." (PDF). The New York Times. September 27, 1911. p. 2. Retrieved October 6, 2007. 
  7. ^ "MANY SEEK OFFICE IN MASSACHUSETTS". The New York Times. August 9, 1922. p. 6. Retrieved October 6, 2007. 
  8. ^ "In Memoriam". Holy Cross Magazine. Archived from the original on September 5, 2004.  Summer 2003. Retrieved on October 6, 2007.

External links[edit]