|This article does not cite any references (sources). (January 2008)|
|Origin||Franconville, Val-d'Oise, Île-de-France, France|
|Genres||Death metal, thrash metal, alternative metal|
|Labels||Shark, Phonogram, Vertigo, Rough Trade|
|Associated acts||Zero Tolerance|
Massacra was one of France's leading death/thrash metal bands in the early nineties.
After recording three demos in the 1980s, they finally landed a deal with Shark Records from Germany, and released their famous debut, Final Holocaust in 1990. Unfortunately, they found themselves at odds with the label's trend-following attitude and after two successful albums, Enjoy the Violence and Signs of the Decline, they terminated their contract in 1993.
They signed a new deal with the major label Phonogram. The band decided not to rehash the same songs over and over on later releases—by the time of their fourth album (1994's Sick) the band had transformed rather remarkably to a groove-laden mid-paced thrash album, sounding at times almost like recent Metallica musically, with the vocals more along the lines of a more aggressive Ron Broder of Coroner. An interesting listen, but doubtless a disappointment to early fans of the group expecting more death/thrash metal.
The band broke up after guitarist Fred Duval died of skin cancer on 6 June 1997 at the age of 29. Some members of the band went on to form an industrial side project called Zero Tolerance in 1996, and released one album through Active Records.
- Legion of Torture (demo, 1987)
- Final Holocaust (demo, 1988)
- Nearer from Death (demo, 1989)
- Final Holocaust (1990)
- Enjoy the Violence (1991)
- Signs of the Decline (1992)
- Sick (1994)
- Humanize Human (1995)
- Apocalyptic Warriors, Pt. 1 (compilation, 2000)
- Vocals, guitars: Fred "Death" Duval 1986–1997
- Guitars: Jean-Marc Tristani 1986–1997
- Bass: Pascal Jorgensen 1986–1997
- Drums: Chris Palengat 1988–1991
- Drums: Matthias Limmer 1992–1994
- Drums: Björn Crugger 1995–1997