Massacre of Grischino
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|Location||Pokrovsk, Ukrainian SSR|
The Massacre of Grischino was a war crime committed by members of the Red Army in February 1943 in the eastern Ukrainian towns of Krasnoarmeyskoye, Postyschewo and Grischino. A total of 596 prisoners of war, nurses, construction workers and female communication personnel (Nachrichtenhelferinnen) perished. The Wehrmacht Untersuchungsstelle also known as WuSt (Wehrmacht criminal investigating authority), announced that among the victims were 406 soldiers of the Wehrmacht, 58 members of the Organisation Todt (including two Danish nationals), 89 Italian soldiers, 9 Romanian soldiers, 4 Hungarian soldiers, 15 German civil officials, 7 German civilian workers and 8 Ukrainian volunteers.
The places were overrun by the Soviet 4th Guards Tank Corps on the night of 10 and 11 February 1943. After their recapture by the 5th SS Panzer Division Wiking with the support of the 333rd Infantry and 7th Panzer Divisions on 18 February 1943, the German soldiers discovered numerous corpses. Many of the bodies were horribly mutilated, ears and noses cut off and genitals amputated and stuffed into their mouths. The breasts of some of the nurses had been cut off, the women being brutally raped. A German military judge who was at the scene stated in an interview during the 1970s that he saw a female body with her legs spread-eagled and a broomstick rammed into her genitals. In the cellar of the main train station, around 120 Germans had been herded into a large storage room and then mowed down with machine guns. While a large part of the investigation file is lost, some investigation evidence remained in a Foreign Office brochure currently stored in the German federal state archive (Bundesarchiv).
On 21 March 1983, the West German Radio (WDR) broadcast a documentary on Soviet war crimes in the east from the files of the Wehrmacht investigative authority which also showed footage of the propaganda troops of the Wehrmacht on the massacre of Grischino and witnesses[clarification needed] of the massacre had a chance to speak.
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