Massafra

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Massafra
Città di Massafra
Castello di Massafra.jpg
Coat of arms of Massafra
Coat of arms
Location of Massafra
Massafra is located in Italy
Massafra
Massafra
Location of Massafra in Italy
Massafra is located in Apulia
Massafra
Massafra
Massafra (Apulia)
Coordinates: 40°35′N 17°7′E / 40.583°N 17.117°E / 40.583; 17.117Coordinates: 40°35′N 17°7′E / 40.583°N 17.117°E / 40.583; 17.117
CountryItaly
RegionApulia
ProvinceTaranto (TA)
FrazioniCernera, Chiatona, Citignano, Marina di Ferrara
Government
 • MayorFabrizio Quarto
Area
 • Total128 km2 (49 sq mi)
Elevation
110 m (360 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total32,861
 • Density260/km2 (660/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Massafresi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
74016
Dialing code099
WebsiteOfficial website

Massafra (Greek: Messaphros)[citation needed] is a town and comune in the province of Taranto in the Apulia region of southeast Italy.

History[edit]

According to some hypotheses,[4] Massafra was founded in the 5th century by refugees from the Roman province of Africa, invaded by the Vandals. The first historical mention of the city dates however from the 10th century, when it was a Lombard gastaldate.

After the Norman conquest of southern Italy, it was given to a nephew of Robert Guiscard, who fortified it and restored the castle. Later it was part of the Principality of Taranto, to which, as a free town, it belonged until 1463. In 1484 it was assigned to Antonio Piscitello. In 1497 it was sacked by the troops of Charles VIII of France, and the fief went to Artusio Pappacoda, whose family held it for a century and a half. They were succeeded by the Carmignano and the Imperiale.

Main sights[edit]

  • Castle of Massafra, known from 970
  • Mother Church (16th century)
  • Natural reserves of Monte Sant'Elia and Stornara
  • Numerous rock settlements, from the Neolithic to the High Middle Ages

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  4. ^ Giuseppe Blandamura, Choerades Insulae, Taranto, Tipografia Arcivescovile, 1925.

External links[edit]