Massey College, Toronto
|Motto||Sapere aude (Latin)|
Motto in English
|Have the courage to be wise|
|Type||College of the University of Toronto|
|Principal||Nathalie Des Rosiers|
Massey College is a graduate residential college at the University of Toronto, established, built and partially endowed in 1962 by the Massey Foundation. It was modeled around the traditional Cambridge and Oxford collegiate system and features a central court and porters lodge. Similar to St. John's College, Cambridge and All Souls College, Oxford, senior and junior fellows of Massey College are nominated from the university community and occasionally the wider community, and are elected by the governing board of the college. The President of the University of Toronto, the Dean of graduate studies and three members of the Massey Foundation are ex officio members of the governing board, chaired by the elected member of the governing board. Members of the governing board are elected for five years; the Principal of the college is elected for seven years.
Massey College was conceived by Vincent Massey, the 18th Governor General of Canada who attended University College, Toronto, as an undergraduate. Of the establishment of a new graduate college, Massey wrote, "It is of great importance that it should, in its form, reflect the life which will go on inside it and should possess certain qualities—dignity, grace, beauty, and warmth." The Massey Foundation, for which Vincent Massey served as a trustee, provided the financial endowment.
Opened officially in 1963, the college was designed by Canadian architect Ron Thom, who subsequently designed the master plan for Trent University. Alan Beddoe designed the Massey College coats of arms.
The founding head of Massey College (1963–81) was the celebrated Canadian journalist and author Robertson Davies, CC. Professor J. N. Patterson Hume, CM, was the second one (1981–88), and Professor Ann Saddlemyer, OC, the third one (1988–95). The fourth head of the college (1995–2014) was journalist John Fraser, CM. On July 1, 2014, Hugh Segal, formerly a member of the Senate of Canada, became the 5th Principal of Massey College for a 7-year term, but he resigned in 2018. The current principal is Nathalie Des Rosiers, former Liberal member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario.
During the 2006–07 academic year, the College hosted the King and Queen of Sweden, held a special tribute in honour of the founding head of the college, Robertson Davies, and was the host of the Man Booker International Prize in April 2007.
Grounds and architecture
Ron Thom's design for Massey College was inspired by the Medieval Oxbridge style college. As in Oxford and Cambridge, the buildings of Massey College all centre around one court which is accessible through only two gates. The main gate is at the foot of the tower, along with the porter's lodge. The quad contains a large pond with fish and fountains as well as the St. Catherine's Bell in the clock tower attached to the porch. The bells are rung three times a day during the school term to mark meal times. Around the quad are a total of five residence houses on the east, north, and west sides. The ground floors of these houses contain some administration offices. The largest building, containing the majority of the public space available to members of the fellowship, is on the south side along with the principal's house. Public space at Massey College includes the large dining hall, a small private dining room, a college common room and bar, an upper library, the lower library, the "puffy couch room" (an informal common room with television and games), the Colin Friesen seminar room, a computer room, and non-resident study carrels.
Similar to Oxford and Cambridge colleges, Massey is also home to an ecumenical worship space, St. Catherine's Chapel, the interior of which was originally designed by stage designer Tanya Moiseiwitsch. The Chapel features a 17th-century Russian iconostasis and cross, as well as "portativ" pipe organ specially designed for the chapel by the Quebec organ builder, James Louder. The chapel was extensively redesigned in 2006 by the College architects, Brigitte Shim and Howard Sutcliffe, and rededicated in June 2007. In June 2017, the Chapel was designated as the third Chapel Royal in Canada and it is the first interdenominational and interfaith Chapel Royal in the country.
The college buildings are frequently studied by architecture students. In 2013, which marked its 50th anniversary, Massey College received two prestigious architecture awards. The 2013 Prix du XXe siècle, awarded by The Royal Architectural Institute of Canada, recognizes "the enduring excellence of nationally significant architecture, such as landmark buildings in the historical context of Canadian Architecture. The award can go to a building in Canada, designed by an architect from any country, or a building anywhere designed by a Canadian architect." The commentary from the award’s jury reads as follows: "Massey College is a skillful and humane interpretation of Arts and Crafts sensibilities in a modernist idiom. It is remarkable for its seamless integration of exterior and interior design, including the rich detailing of its custom furnishings and fittings. It has aged well, and is one of the University of Toronto’s most treasured modern buildings." The 2013 Landmark Award was awarded to Massey College by the Ontario Association of Architects. "Recognizing buildings that demonstrate architecture’s beauty, endurance and lasting contribution to the community and to society", a Landmark building "establishes a design excellence standard for future generations, enhances its environment and the public realm, recognizes and respects its surroundings; and contributes to the neighbourhood, the community or the city through its unique identity." Fall 2013 issue of Perspectives magazine, published by OAA, was dedicated to Ron Thom and featured Massey College.
The Robertson Davies Library, also known as the lower library, houses the college's librarian as well as an office for the University of Toronto's Book History and Print Culture Program. This library contains display cases for exhibitions curated from the collection by Book History students and Massey students.
The Library includes a collection of working 19th century printing presses. The Library's Bibliography Room has the largest collection of wood type in North America (some 350+ pieces). Several working hand presses are housed here. The most frequently used presses are two Albion presses, an Imperial Press, and a Washington Press. Some students work here as apprentices under the college printer. Printed keepsakes for college events are often made here.
Junior Fellows are postgraduate students "of distinguished ability" at the University of Toronto, either in the study of art and sciences subjects or a professional discipline such as law or medicine. Resident Junior Fellows generally live in the college for up to three years before becoming non-resident Junior Fellows for another two years. Typically, about sixty Junior Fellows are resident and another ninety are non-resident. Each year, new prospective Junior Fellows apply to the college to be elected by the governing corporation. Junior Fellows are elected based on:
- academic achievement;
- scholarships and honours; and
- community engagement outside academia.
Journalism Fellows are distinguished Canadian and international journalists in mid-career who are selected annually by a special committee that includes the president of the University of Toronto, the head of Massey College, and other members appointed by them. Journalism Fellows stay at the college for one academic year from September to May. The college participates in the Canadian Journalism Fellowship Program (formerly known as the Southam Fellowship) and the Scholar-at-Risk program for international scholars caught in sectarian, political or religious intolerance. Additionally, the college hosts a writer-in-residence chosen each year by the college and the University of Toronto's department of English.
Notable Senior Fellows and Senior Residents of the college have included John Polanyi, Ursula Franklin, Mikhail Baryshnikov, Margaret Atwood, Sir Christopher Ondaatje, James Orbinski, Peter H. Russell, Janice Stein, Michael Ignatieff, Adrienne Clarkson, Beverley McLachlin, Hal Jackman, John Ralston Saul, Michael Bliss, Anthony Pawson, Julie Payette, Chantal Hébert, Justice Rosalie Abella and Bob Rae.
Senior Fellows are elected from members of the University of Toronto faculty and other individuals who represent the academic and professional interests of the university. Senior fellows can serve as members of the governing board. The college also hosts visiting academics, generally on sabbatical leave, who are given the title of Senior Residents.
The former chancellor of the University of Cambridge (Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh) and the chancellor of University of Oxford (Lord Patten of Barnes) both served as Distinguished Honorary Fellows. The Chief of the Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nation (currently Chief Stacey LaForme) is the third honorary Senior Fellow.
- Vincent Massey (1963—1967)
- Dalton C. Wells (1973—1976)
- John Black Aird (1990—1995)
- Rose Wolfe (1996—2003)
- H.N.R. Jackman (2003—2016)
- Beverley McLachlin (2016—present)
Massey College operates as a charity that is legally registered with the Canada Revenue Agency charities directorate as The Master and Fellows of Massey College. The governing body of Massey College is its Governing Board, composed of 26 Senior Fellows and chaired by the elected member of the board, with the president of the University of Toronto and the dean of graduate studies both serving as ex officio members. Additionally, three other ex officio members are nominated to the governing board by the Massey Foundation. Massey College relies on income derived from its own endowments and endowments held for its purposes by the University of Toronto, supplemented by other income from its catering facilities and summer rental programs.
The Visitor is the ceremonial and constitutional head of the college. Officers of the college, who report to the head of the college, include the bursar, the dean and the librarian. Junior Fellows and Senior Fellows are elected to their positions by the governing board at one of its quarterly meetings. The Quadrangle Society consists of individuals who are not fellows of the college, and serves as a bridge between Massey College and the non-academic community.
Massey College is one of three exclusively graduate residential colleges in Canada which are modeled on the Oxbridge system, along with Green College and St. John's College, University of British Columbia; Massey College is the only one of the three that is self-governing.
Masters and Principals of Massey College
- Robertson Davies (1963—1981)
- J.N. Patterson Hume (1981—1988)
- Ann Saddlemyer (1988—1995)
- Stefan Dupre (1991—1992, acting)
- John Fraser (1995—2014)
- Hugh Segal (2014—2019)
- Nathalie Des Rosiers (2019— present)
In 2018, the title of "Master of Massey College" was changed to Principal due to concerns regarding the title's authoritarian and racist connotations arising from controversy over a history professor introducing the Master to a Black student by saying "You know this is your 'Master,' eh? Do you feel the lash?".
Massey College sponsors the annual Massey Lectures broadcast across the country on CBC as well as the Walter Gordon Symposium on Public Policy. In conjunction with the University of Toronto's School of Graduate Studies, Massey fellows organize an annual symposium of interest to the broader community. There is an annual magazine for all its constituent members: Senior and Junior Fellows, Alumni (which include former Senior Residents, and members of its Quadrangle Society (non-academic community members).
Massey Grand Rounds (MGR)  is composed of members of the Massey College community, including physicians, medical students and graduate students in areas related to medicine and health sciences. It convenes monthly during the school term and serves as a discussion forum for topics related to medicine, the health sciences, and issues of interest to students. Guest Mentors attend regularly. Planning for the Annual MGR Symposium is a significant element of these gatherings. The group is guided by Dr. Aubie Angel, MD, FRCPC, Senior Resident/Fellow, President of Friends of CIHR.
The college has a strong connection to the Canadian establishments and Canadian journalism. The college also strives to preserve an Oxbridge-type atmosphere by mandating the wearing of gowns at dinner, and incorporating regular High Tables—into its schedule; and balances this with very active outreach programs. The mandated goal of the college is to demonstrate through its corporate life the interconnectedness among all learning.
Massey College also hosts its own Junior Fellow Lecture Series, sometimes called WIDEN-Massey, where graduate student members of the community are invited to talk about their research in a general way to their non-specialist peers.
Local and national arts organisations are affiliated with the college. Many college events feature singers from the Canadian Opera Company or musicians from the Talisker Players as well as many talented Junior Fellows who share their music after supper or at events.
Clarkson Laureateship in Public Service
The Clarkson Laureateships in Public Service are the highest honour the College awards annually to members of its community. Over the years, notable philanthropists, academics, community organizers, politicians, and activists have been awarded a Clarkson Laureateship, including Ursula Franklin, William Davis, and Mary Eberts.
The awarding of Clarkson Laureateships was approved by the Governing Board in 2003 and the first awards were given out in 2004, during the final year that Madam Clarkson, a Senior Fellow of the College, was Governor General of Canada. The award honours her many years of service to Canada by recognizing those members of its community who also contribute to the common good.
The Laureateships are usually awarded at the first High Table in January in the presence of the Laureates’ families and Massey College peers. It is tradition for the Laureates to donate the monetary component of the award to a charitable cause of their choosing, often detailed in their acceptance speech. The evening somewhat echoes the ceremonies Madam Clarkson presided over for the Order of Canada when she was Governor General and she herself attends, often joined by past Clarkson Laureates, to honour the awardees.
- "History of Massey College". Archived from the original on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2017-09-04.
- http://collectionscanada.gc.ca/ourl/res.php?url_ver=Z39.88-2004&url_tim=2010-03-07T21%3A52%3A20Z&url_ctx_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Actx&rft_dat=104827&rfr_id=info%3Asid%2Fcollectionscanada.gc.ca%3Apam[permanent dead link] Alan Beddoe collection at Library and Archives Canada
- Judges’ list for Man Booker International 2007 Archived 2012-03-08 at the Wayback Machine
- "photographic study of Massey College". blogger / architecture student. 2012. Retrieved January 23, 2012.
- "Book History and Print Culture Collaborative Program". University of Toronto / University of Toronto. 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-01-19. Retrieved January 23, 2012.
- "Printing Fellowship Program". Massey College. 2012. Archived from the original on 2017-07-11. Retrieved July 27, 2017.
- "How to Apply". www.masseycollege.ca. Archived from the original on 2016-03-08. Retrieved 2016-03-05.
- "Massey College nixes 'Master' title four months after racist incident". Toronto Star. February 2, 2018. Retrieved June 9, 2019.
- "Massey Grand Rounds - Stimulating discussion in the healthcare community". Retrieved 28 July 2016.
- "2018 Clarkson Laureates Announced – Massey College". www.masseycollege.ca. Retrieved 2018-01-08.
- "Champion". The Right Honourable Adrienne Clarkson. Retrieved 2018-01-08.
- "Crimes of the Future". 10 August 1984. Retrieved 28 July 2016 – via IMDb.
- Judith Skelton Grant (2015) - A Meeting of Minds: The Massey College Story - University of Toronto Press.
- Judith Skelton Grant (1994). Robertson Davies: Man of Myth. Viking.
- Val Ross (2009). Robertson Davies: A Portrait in Mosaic. Random House of Canada.
- John Robert Colombo (1984). Canadian Literary Landmarks, p. 193. Dundurn Press Ltd.