Massimo Carminati

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Massimo Carminati (born May 31, 1958), allegedly nicknamed "the last king of Rome",[1] is an Italian underworld figure and former associate of far-right terrorist group Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari and criminal gang Banda della Magliana, which were at the centre of sensational allegations of state collusion and Masonic conspiracy during Italy's years of lead. Carminati was investigated for match fixing in 2012. In 2014 he was arrested with 36 others on allegations of running a corrupt network that infiltrated Rome's public administration. He was charged with fraud, money laundering, embezzlement, and the bribing of public officials. In 2017, Carminati was sentenced to 20 years in jail.

Background[edit]

Carminati frequented a bar that was a haunt of Rome criminals and political extremists. He became a particular friend of Valerio Fioravanti, leader of the far right terrorist group Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari ("Armed Revolutionary Nuclei" or NAR). Carminati introduced Fioravanti to some Banda della Magliana members, including their leader Franco Giuseppucci, who became a close friend of Carminati, and Massimo Sparti who later became the main witness against Fioravanti for the 1980 Bologna train station bombing.[2][3] After Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari and Banda della Magliana ceased to exist through arrests and violent death, Carminati managed to emerge as a figure in his own right.[1][3]

Link to Perugia trial of Andreotti[edit]

A clandestine weapons store of the Banda della Magliana was kept in the basement of a government building, it was later found to contain grenades stolen by NAR leader Valerio Fioravanti. The NAR had access to the weapon and ammunition thought likely to have come from the joint arms cache that was used to kill Carmine Pecorelli in 1979.[4] In 1993, contemporaneously with his trial for Mafia association in Palermo,[5] former Italian prime minister Giulio Andreotti, Sicilian mafia boss Gaetano Badalamenti and Carminati, were charged with the murder of Pecorelli by prosecutors in Perugia. The case was circumstantial and based on the word of Mafia turncoat Tommaso Buscetta who had not originally mentioned the allegation about Andreotti when interviewed by Giovanni Falcone[6][7] Andreotti was acquitted along with his co-defendants in 1999.[8] The prosecution successfully appealed the acquittal and there was a 2002 retrial, in which inconsistent verdicts saw Carminati and defendants accused of setting up the killing being acquitted, while Andreotti was found guilty of ordering the killing, and sentenced to 24 years imprisonment. Italians of all political allegiances denounced the conviction.[9][10] The Italian supreme court finally cleared Andreotti of the murder in 2003.[11] According to his brother, Fioravanti admitted killing Sicilian politician Piersanti Mattarella.[12] Mattarella's death was also asserted to have been linked to former prime minister Giulio Andreotti through the Sicilian Mafia, which allegedly used its contacts with politicians Salvo Lima and the Salvo cousins to complain to Andreotti about the behaviour of Mattarella, according to Mafia turncoat (pentito) Francesco Marino Mannoia.[5][13] According to the supergrass, Andreotti tried to prevent the Mafia from killing Mattarella.[13][14][15] Fioravanti was also accused of killing for Propaganda Due.[16]

Later activities[edit]

Carminati lost his left eye in a gunfight with border guards in 1981 while attempting to illicitly cross into Switzerland.[17] He was initially acquitted with Andreotti in the killing of Pecorelli, but after a prosecution appeal they were found guilty at re-trial stage trial. In 2003 Italy's highest court definitively acquitted them.[18] He received a four-year imprisonment for his complicity in a raid on the Banca di Roma strongroom deposit boxes, he was regarded as the mastermind behind the burglary. Police reportedly suspect the deposit boxes contained compromising material that Carminati used to compile dossiers on a number of high officials. In 2012 it was reported his name had come up in a match fixing investigation.[1][18]

On 2 December 2014, Carminati was arrested by the Raggruppamento Operativo Speciale on charges of criminal association with the Mafia, extortion, fraudulent transfer of assets, bribery, bid rigging and false invoicing, in the Mafia Capitale investigation.[19] On 20 July 2017, Carminati was sentenced to 20 years in jail.[20]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Noack, Rick (5 December 2014). "For Rome's mafia, more refugees means more money". The Washington Post. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  2. ^ Squires, Nick (3 December 2014). ""Mafia capital": Rome hit by mobster scandal". The Telegraph. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Mail online , 5,12, 14, The Last King of Rome is arrested at gunpoint
  4. ^ Puppetmasters: The Political Use of Terrorism in Italy, p. 87-89
  5. ^ a b The Andreotti Affair: Supergrasses target Andreotti, The Independent, April 16, 1993
  6. ^ NYT, April 12, 1996 Andreotti Is Back in Court, This Time on Murder Charge
  7. ^ Independent, 24 September 1995 ALL THE PRIME MINISTER'S MEN
  8. ^ NYT September 25, 1999, Ex-Premier Andreotti Acquitted of Mafia Murder Conspiracy
  9. ^ Oct 31 2003 Court Clears Andreotti of Murder Charge
  10. ^ NYT, November 19, 2002, Andreotti's Sentence Draws Protests About 'Justice Gone Mad'
  11. ^ Telegraph, 6 May 2013 OBIT Giulio Andreotti
  12. ^ Puppetmasters: The Political Use of Terrorism in Italy By Philip Willan, page 88-89
  13. ^ a b Dickie, Cosa Nostra, p. 423-24
  14. ^ Mob Rule - Fighting the Mafia and Renewing Sicilian Culture - Review, National Review, October 1, 2001
  15. ^ Puppetmasters: The Political Use of Terrorism in Italy By Philip Willan
  16. ^ Puppetmasters: The Political Use of Terrorism in Italy, p. 301
  17. ^ http://italychronicles.com/rome-corruption-massimo-carminati-the-terrorist-turned-criminal/
  18. ^ a b Italy Chrinicles, Massimo Carminati: The Terrorist Turned Criminal
  19. ^ Roma, perquisizioni e arresti in Regione e Campidoglio. Franco Grilli. Il Giornale. Cronaca. 2 dicembre 2014.
  20. ^ https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-40667430