Massoud Abdelhafid

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Massoud Abdelhafid
Birth name Massoud Abdelhafid Ahmed
Nickname(s) Mr Chad
Allegiance  Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
Service/branch Libyan Army
Rank General officer
Battles/wars Chadian-Libyan conflict
2011 Libyan civil war

Massoud Abdelhafid was a prominent Libyan General during the government of Muammar Gaddafi. He held various positions in government following the 1969 coup d'etat of Muammar Gaddafi, including Commander of Military Security,[1] Governor of Southern Libya[2][3] and Head of Security in Major Cities.[4] He was a key figure in Libya's relations with neighbouring Chad and Sudan.[5] Massoud Abdelhafid was a senior commander in the Libyan Army during the Chadian-Libyan conflict.[6] Known for his leadership of Libyan-backed insurrections and wars in Chad, he was referred to as "Mr Chad".[2]

2011 Libyan civil war[edit]

The United Nations Security Council drafted a resolution naming 23 senior Libyan officials in the regime of Muammar Gaddafi to be sanctioned. The resolution, which included travel bans and asset freezes, named Massoud Abdelhafid.[7]

Following the defection of Abdul Fatah Younis, Gaddafi designated Abdelhafid as interior minister.[8] General Massoud Abdelhafid led the pro-Gaddafi forces in the city of Sabha during the Battle of Sabha and the Fezzan campaign.[2]

Abdelhafid was reported to have fled to Egypt alongside Interior Minister Nassr al-Mabrouk Abdullah.[9]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Black, CR: Deterring Libya, the Strategic Culture of Muammar Qaddafi, Page 11, The Counter Proliferation Papers, Air University, 2000.
  2. ^ a b c Ruth Sherlock and Richard Spencer in Tripoli (10 September 2011). "All eyes on the desert as the hunt for Gaddafi continues". Telegraph.co.uk. 
  3. ^ "The Right of Peoples to Self-Determination". The National Council of Tibesti. 2004. [dead link]
  4. ^ "Gaddafi Security Clan". 
  5. ^ Africa Energy Intelligence: Libya-Chad, Tidjani Thiam, Indigo Publications, 2001.
  6. ^ Correau L (2008). "RFI - 1977-79 La conquête du Nord, Habré à N'Djamena (The conquest of the North, Habre in N'Djamena)". RFI.  translated link.
  7. ^ "UN draft sanctions names 23 Libyan officials". ynet. 
  8. ^ "Ansamed". March 2011. Retrieved 2016-01-12. [dead link]
  9. ^ "Preparing for Post-Gadhafi Libya". Politeía Digest.