Masstige is a marketing term meaning downward brand extension. The word is a portmanteau of the words mass and prestige and has been described as "prestige for the masses".
The term was popularized by Michael Silverstein and Neil Fiske in their book Trading Up and Harvard Business Review article "Luxury for the Masses". Masstige products are defined as "premium but attainable", and there are two key tenets: (1) They are considered luxury or premium products and (2) They have price points that fill the gap between mid-market and super premium.
Silverstein and Fiske cite several examples:
- Bath and Body Works Lotion that sells for $1.13 per ounce versus $0.30 per ounce.
- Pottery Barn housewares that are considered premium but are widely available at attainable price points well below super premium brands.
- Kendall-Jackson Wines that entered the market at $5 per bottle versus the standard $2 per bottle.
- Porsche Boxster
Several other examples of masstige brand positioning have been proposed by Truon, McColl, and Kitchen include:
- BMW 1 Series for $19,000 vs. traditional BMW sedans for $50,000
- Armani Jeans for $100 vs. Armani Haute Couture for $900
- Tag Heuer Formula 1 for $550 vs. Tag Heuer Link for $4,000
According to the Oxford Dictionary Online, the term originated during the 1990s. It was then popularized in 2003 by Michael Silverstein and Neil Fiske in their book Trading Up and Harvard Business Review article "Luxury for the Masses". "'Masstige' movement gains steam" by Moly Prior characterizes the product trends for the health and beauty care industries with the term. Since 2003, the marketing strategy of masstige has been used by numerous consumer goods industries that include premium level products.
Masstige market positioning
Kitchen,[clarification needed] a reasonable equilibrium between perceived prestige and price premium is critical to an effective masstige strategy. That is to say that masstige brand positioning for the consumer is to develop the brand as a premium, or reasonable level of perceived prestige yet whose price point is similar to middle-range brands as outlined in the diagram below.
New luxury brands are closer to traditional brands in terms of prestige, however in terms of price they are closer to middle range brands. Established brands command a premium at 3.1 times more expensive than new luxury brands (masstige positioning), and new luxury brands only sold for 2.2 times more than middle range brands. In terms of perceived prestige, the ratio of traditional luxury brands and new luxury brands was 1.14, while the ratio of new luxury brands and middle-range brands was 1.74. Those brands that employed masstige positioning strategy effectively differentiated themselves from middle range brands in terms of perceived prestige, and yet maintained a reasonable price premium to target middle range customers.
It has been suggested that luxury marketers thinking about developing their own masstige strategies should be aware of the possibility for brand dilution. To avoid this, it is suggested that adequate price premiums are maintained and access is limited to middle class consumers as brand dilution tends to occur when purchases from middle class consumers becomes frequent or habitual. The more available a product is the less prestigious its perception. Luxury marketers should also focus on developing a prestigious environment around the brand by advertising in glamorous magazines and prestigious stores, and holding seasonal fashion shows so that the brand appeals to consumers as an "aspirational" brand.
- Truong, Yann; McColl, Rod; Kitchen, Philip J (2009). "New luxury brand positioning and the emergence of Masstige brands". Journal of Brand Management. 16 (5-6): 375–82. doi:10.1057/bm.2009.1. SSRN .
- http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/us/definition/american_english/masstige[full citation needed]
- Silverstein, Michael J.; Fiske, Neil (2003). "Luxury for the masses". Harvard Business Review. 81 (4): 48–57, 121. PMID 12687919.
- Prior, Molly (2003). "'Masstige' movement gains steam". DSN Retailing Today. 42 (15): 22.