Master/slave (technology)

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Master/slave is a model of communication where one device or process has unidirectional control over one or more other devices. In some systems a master is selected from a group of eligible devices, with the other devices acting in the role of slaves.[1][2][3]

In the context of motor control, the master/slave configuration is used for load sharing purposes when two identical motors connected to two different drives are coupled to a common load.[citation needed] One drive is defined as the master and is configured for running in the speed-control mode whereas the other defined as slave is configured for running in torque-control mode.


  • In database replication, the master database is regarded as the authoritative source, and the slave databases are synchronized to it.
  • Hydraulic and pneumatic systems may use a master cylinder to control one or several slave cylinders.
  • Peripherals connected to a bus in a computer system.
  • Railway locomotives operating in multiple (for example: to pull loads too heavy for a single locomotive) can be referred to as a master/slave configuration - with the operation of all locomotives in the train slaved to the controls of the first locomotive. See - Multiple-unit train control.
  • Duplication is often done with several cassette tape or compact disc recorders linked together. Operating the controls on the master triggers the same commands on the slaves, so that recording is done in parallel.
  • In parallel ATA hard drive arrangements, the terms master and slave are used but neither drive has control over the other. The terms also do not indicate precedence of one drive over the other in most situations. "Master" is merely another term for device 0 and "slave" indicates device 1.
  • Rmpi[4] package in R is a standard master/slaves programming model.
  • On the Macintosh platform, rebooting into Target Disk Mode allows one computer to operate as a dumb disk enclosure presenting its storage devices to another via SCSI, FireWire, or Thunderbolt, essentially a slave mode bridge.
  • A master clock that provides time signals used to synchronize one or more slave clocks as part of a clock network.

Appropriateness of terminology[edit]

In 2003, the County of Los Angeles in California asked that manufacturers, suppliers and contractors stop using "master" and "slave" terminology on products; the county made this request "based on the cultural diversity and sensitivity of Los Angeles County".[5][6] Following outcries about the request, the County of Los Angeles issued a statement saying that the decision was "nothing more than a request".[5] Due to the controversy,[citation needed] Global Language Monitor selected the term "master/slave" as the most politically incorrect word of 2004.[7]

In May 2014, Drupal changes its terminology away from "slave" in favour of "replica".[8]

In September 2016, MediaWiki deprecated instances of the term "slave" in favor of "replica".[9][10]

In December 2017, the Internet Systems Consortium, maintainers of BIND, decided to allow the words primary and secondary as a substitute for the well-known master/slave terminology. [11]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "What is master/slave? - Definition from". 
  2. ^ Description of the Microsoft Computer Browser Service from Microsoft KnowledgeBase
  3. ^ Information on Browser Operation from Microsoft KnowledgeBase
  4. ^ Yu, H. (2002). "Rmpi: Parallel Statistical Computing in R". R News. 
  5. ^ a b 'Master' and 'slave' computer labels unacceptable, officials say, CNN, November 26, 2003 
  6. ^ Master/Slave, Snopes 
  7. ^ 'Master/slave' named most politically incorrect term, Seattle PI, December 2, 2004, The computer term "master/slave," which was banned as racially offensive by a Los Angeles County purchasing department, was named the most politically incorrect term of the year.[...] Among other terms on the top 10 list of politically charged words and phrases, issued by the word usage group Global Language Monitor, were "non-same sex marriage" to describe heterosexual unions, "waitron" for waiter or waitress and "higher being" for God, a term some people found too religious. 
  8. ^ "Replace "master/slave" terminology with "primary/replica"". 2014-05-28. Retrieved 2018-04-17. 
  9. ^ "Rename DB_SLAVE constant to DB_REPLICA · wikimedia/mediawiki@950cf60". 
  10. ^
  11. ^ "ISC explanation via Twitter".