Master is a version of DeepMind's Go software AlphaGo, named after the account name (originally Magister/Magist) used online, which won 60 straight online games against human professional Go players from 29 December 2016 to 4 January 2017. This version was also used in the Future of Go Summit in May 2017. It used four TPUs on a single machine with Elo rating 4,858. DeepMind claimed that AlphaGo Master was 3-stone stronger than the version used in AlphaGo v. Lee Sedol.
The version of AlphaGo Master is used in a teaching tool, released by DeepMind on 11 December 2017, to analyze winning rates of different Go openings, unable to play real games. The teaching tool collects 6,000 Go openings from 230,000 human games.
The software was first used to play games against professional players on 29 December 2016 on the Tygem Go server, under the account name 'Magister' (shown as 'Magist' at the server's Chinese version). The account name was changed to 'Master' on 30 December. After playing 30 games on Tygem, it was moved to the FoxGo server on 1 January 2017.
Master played at the pace of 10 games per day. Many quickly suspected it to be an AI player due to little or no resting between games. After winning its 59th game it was revealed in the chatroom that Master was controlled by Dr. Aja Huang of the DeepMind team. On 4 January 2017, after these games were completed, Demis Hassabis, the co-founder of DeepMind, confirmed that Magister and Master both played using an updated version of AlphaGo and said, "We're looking forward to playing some official, full-length games later [in 2017] in collaboration with Go organizations and experts".
Gu Li, a 9-dan player and co-founder of FoxGo, offered a bounty of 100,000 RMB (14,400 USD) to the first human player who could defeat Master. However, no one took the bounty since Master's final online record was 60 wins and 0 losses, including three victories over Go's top ranked player, Ke Jie, who had been quietly briefed in advance that Master was a version of AlphaGo.
Master's adversaries included many world champions such as Ke Jie, Park Jeong-hwan, Yuta Iyama, Tuo Jiaxi, Mi Yuting, Shi Yue, Chen Yaoye, Li Qincheng, Gu Li, Chang Hao, Tang Weixing, Fan Tingyu, Zhou Ruiyang, Jiang Weijie, Chou Chun-hsun, Kim Ji-seok, Kang Dong-yun, Park Yeong-hun, and Won Seong-jin, and also included national champions or world championship runners-up such as Lian Xiao, Tan Xiao, Meng Tailing, Dang Yifei, Huang Yunsong, Yang Dingxin, Gu Zihao, Shin Jinseo, Cho Han-seung, and An Sungjoon. All 60 games except one were fast-paced games with three 20 or 30 seconds byo-yomi. Master offered to extend the byo-yomi to one minute when playing with Nie Weiping due to his old age.
|No.||Date||Player (dan during the game)||Time control||Moves||Master color and result|
|1||29 December 2016||Pan Tingyu (1 dan)||three 20-second byo-yomi||146||White won by resignation|
|2||29 December 2016||Zhang Ziliang (1 dan)||three 20-second byo-yomi||174||White won by resignation|
|3||29 December 2016||Ding Shixiong (3 dan)||three 20-second byo-yomi||151||Black won by resignation|
|4||29 December 2016||Xie Erhao (4 dan)||three 20-second byo-yomi||222||White won by resignation|
|5||29 December 2016||Yu Zhiying (5 dan)||three 20-second byo-yomi||113||Black won by resignation|
|6||29 December 2016||Li Xiangyu (3 dan)||three 20-second byo-yomi||131||Black won by resignation|
|7||29 December 2016||Qiao Zhijian (4 dan)||three 20-second byo-yomi||163||Black won by resignation|
|8||29 December 2016||Han Yizhou (5 dan)||three 20-second byo-yomi||104||White won by resignation|
|9||29 December 2016||Meng Tailing (6 dan)||three 20-second byo-yomi||275||Black won by 4.5 points|
|10||29 December 2016||Meng Tailing (6 dan)||three 20-second byo-yomi||148||White won by resignation|
|11||30 December 2016||Chen Hao (5 dan)||three 20-second byo-yomi||170||White won by resignation|
|12||30 December 2016||Ryu Suhang (5 dan)||three 20-second byo-yomi||144||White won by resignation|
|13||30 December 2016||Wang Haoyang (6 dan)||three 20-second byo-yomi||136||White won by resignation|
|14||30 December 2016||Yan Zaiming (3 dan)||three 20-second byo-yomi||129||Black won by resignation|
|15||30 December 2016||Park Junghwan (9 dan)||three 20-second byo-yomi||150||White won by time|
|16||30 December 2016||Lian Xiao (7 dan)||three 20-second byo-yomi||122||White won by resignation|
|17||30 December 2016||Lian Xiao (7 dan)||three 20-second byo-yomi||164||White won by resignation|
|18||30 December 2016||Ke Jie (9 dan)||three 20-second byo-yomi||228||Black won by 5.5 points|
|19||30 December 2016||Ke Jie (9 dan)||three 20-second byo-yomi||128||White won by resignation|
|20||30 December 2016||Park Junghwan (9 dan)||three 20-second byo-yomi||255||Black won by 5.5 points|
|21||31 December 2016||Chen Yaoye (9 dan)||three 20-second byo-yomi||270||White won by 5.5 points|
|22||31 December 2016||Chen Yaoye (9 dan)||three 20-second byo-yomi||277||White won by 4.5 points|
|23||31 December 2016||Kim Jung-hyun (6 dan)||three 20-second byo-yomi||135||Black won by resignation|
|24||31 December 2016||Park Junghwan (9 dan)||three 20-second byo-yomi||223||Black won by resignation|
|25||31 December 2016||Park Junghwan (9 dan)||three 20-second byo-yomi||261||White won by 0.5 points|
|26||31 December 2016||Yun Chanhee (6 dan)||three 20-second byo-yomi||217||Black won by resignation|
|27||31 December 2016||Fan Tingyu (9 dan)||three 30-second byo-yomi||215||Black won by resignation|
|28||31 December 2016||Meng Tailing (6 dan)||three 20-second byo-yomi||163||Black won by resignation|
|29||31 December 2016||Mi Yuting (9 dan)||three 30-second byo-yomi||311||White won by 0.5 points|
|30||31 December 2016||Tang Weixing (9 dan)||three 30-second byo-yomi||186||White won by resignation|
|31||1 January 2017||Li Qincheng (9 dan)||1 minute + three 20-second byo-yomi||179||Black won by resignation|
|32||2 January 2017||Gu Li (9 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||154||White won by resignation|
|33||2 January 2017||Gu Li (9 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||191||Black won by resignation|
|34||2 January 2017||Dang Yifei (9 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||149||Black won by resignation|
|35||2 January 2017||Jiang Weijie (9 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||280||White won by 1.5 points|
|36||2 January 2017||Gu Zihao (5 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||209||Black won by resignation|
|37||2 January 2017||Park Yeong-hun (9 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||173||Black won by resignation|
|38||2 January 2017||Tuo Jiaxi (9 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||239||Black won by resignation|
|39||2 January 2017||Yuta Iyama (9 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||135||Black won by resignation|
|40||2 January 2017||Meng Tailing (6 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||274||White won by 2.5 points|
|41||2 January 2017||Kim Ji-seok (9 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||170||White won by resignation|
|42||3 January 2017||Yang Dingxin (4 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||125||Black won by resignation|
|43||3 January 2017||Kang Dong-yun (9 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||165||Black won by resignation|
|44||3 January 2017||An Sung-joon (7 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||260||White won by 2.5 points|
|45||3 January 2017||Shi Yue (9 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||167||Black won by resignation|
|46||3 January 2017||Lian Xiao (7 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||144||White won by resignation|
|47||3 January 2017||Tan Xiao (7 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||191||Black won by resignation|
|48||3 January 2017||Park Junghwan (9 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||270||White won by 1.5 points|
|49||3 January 2017||Won Seong-jin (9 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||222||White won by resignation|
|50||3 January 2017||Ke Jie (9 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||178||White won by resignation|
|51||4 January 2017||Chou Chun-hsun (9 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||118||White won by resignation|
|52||4 January 2017||Fan Tingyu (9 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||202||White won by resignation|
|53||4 January 2017||Huang Yunsong (5 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||133||Black won by resignation|
|54||4 January 2017||Nie Weiping (9 dan)||1 minute + three 60-second byo-yomi||254||Black won by 7.5 points|
|55||4 January 2017||Chen Yaoye (9 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||267||White won by 1.5 points|
|56||4 January 2017||Cho Han-seung (9 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||171||Black won by resignation|
|57||4 January 2017||Shin Jin-seo (6 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||139||Black won by resignation|
|58||4 January 2017||Chang Hao (9 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||178||White won by resignation|
|59||4 January 2017||Zhou Ruiyang (9 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||161||Black won by resignation|
|60||4 January 2017||Gu Li (9 dan)||1 minute + three 30-second byo-yomi||235||White won by 2.5 points|
Future of Go Summit
Go experts were extremely impressed by Master's performance and by its non-human play style in its online games. Ke Jie stated, "After humanity spent thousands of years improving our tactics, computers tell us that humans are completely wrong... I would go as far as to say not a single human has touched the edge of the truth of Go".
In the 23rd online game Master invaded the 3-3 point at a very early stage.
|Online game 23, Master (black) v. Kim Jung-hyun|
In the 24th online game Master played six stones along the second line.
|Online game 24 Master (black) v Park Junghwan|
On 20 January 2017, DeepMind team members Fan Hui and Aja Huang disclosed that Master's operator accidentally entered a move other than AlphaGo's choice in two situations during the online games.
In the 9th online game, Master recommended point a for Move 107.
|Online game 9, Master (black) vs. Meng Tailing.|
In the 39th online game, Master recommended point a for Move 99.
|Online game 39, Master (black) vs Yuta Iyama|
|First 99 moves|
|Moves 100-186 (149 at 131, 150 at 130)|
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