Book of Hours by Master Honoré, Stadtbibliothek, Nuremberg, circa 1290
Master Honoré was a Parisian secular artist who produced Gothic-erailluminated manuscripts for the French monarchy, particularly Philip the Fair. He is considered sculptural in the design of his figures, even capturing the light as it plays on their bodies. His Parisian workshop was on the street known today as rue Boutebrie. Master Honoré lived and worked in Paris for the court of Phillip the Fair from 1288 until 1318.
Until the 13th century illuminated manuscripts were predominantly created by monks in the scriptoria of monasteries. The 13th century saw a move away from monastic production to a commercialized production of books by lay masters in commercial workshops. Master Honoré was one such lay artisan, and one of the few whose actual name survives. In 1295 Master Honoré designed the miniatures in the Prayer Book of Philip the Fair. His figures are larger and have a relief-like modeling that seems more realistic.