Urban planning education
Urban planning education is the practice of teaching and learning urban theory, studies, and professional practices. The interaction between public officials, professional planners and the public involves a continuous education on planning process. Community members often serve on a city planning commission, council or board. As a result, education outreach is effectively an ongoing cycle.
Since planning programs are usually small, they tend not to be housed in distinct "planning schools" but rather, as part of an architecture school, a design school, a geography department, or a public policy school, since these are cognate fields. Generally speaking, planning programs in architecture schools focus primarily on physical planning and design, while those in policy schools tend to focus on policy and administration.
As urban planning is such a broad and interdisciplinary field, a typical planning degree program emphasizes breadth over depth, with core coursework that provides background for all areas of planning. Core courses typically include coursework in history/theory of urban planning, urban design, statistics, land use/planning law, urban economics, and planning practice. Many planning degree programs also allow a student to "concentrate" in a specific area of interest within planning, such as land use, environmental planning, housing, community development, economic development, historic preservation, international development, urban design, transportation planning, or geographic information systems (GIS). Some programs permit a student to concentrate in real estate, however, graduate real estate education has changed giving rise to specialized real estate programs.
- 1 Bachelor-degree in urban planning
- 2 Master of Urban Planning
- 3 Accreditation in North America
- 4 Accreditation in the Republic of India
- 5 Rankings
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Bachelor-degree in urban planning
Bachelor of Planning (B.Plan) is an undergraduate academic degree designed to train applicants in various aspects of designing, engineering, managing and resolving challenges related to urban human settlements. It is awarded for a course of study that lasts up to four years and contextual to modern challenges of urbanisation. It goes into the techniques and theories related to settlement design starting at the site planning level of a neighbourhood and moving up to the regional city planning context. Understanding relations between built forms and the citizens in cities and rural areas, and their implications on local environment, supporting utilities, transport networks, and physical infrastructure forms the core of the planning course. With an engineering orientation, the graduates emerging as urban planners are equipped with not only tools for rational comprehensive planning but also participatory and social development.
The degree may be awarded as a Bachelor of Arts in Geography with an emphasis in urban planning, Bachelor of Arts in Urban Planning, or Bachelor of Science in Urban and Regional Planning. The distinction reflects university policies, or some universities may have greater course offerings in urban planning, design, sociology, or a related degree.
Master of Urban Planning
The Master of Urban Planning (MUP) is a two-year academic/professional master's degree that qualifies graduates to work as urban planners. Some schools offer the degree as a Master of City Planning (MCP), Master of Community Planning, Master of Regional Planning (MRP), Master of Town Planning (MTP), Master of Planning (MPlan), Master of Environmental Planning (MEP) or in some combination of the aforementioned (e.g., Master of Urban and Regional Planning), depending on the program's specific focus. Some schools offer a Master of Arts or Master of Science in planning. Regardless of the name, the degree remains generally the same.
A thesis, final project or capstone project is usually required to graduate. Additionally, an internship component is almost always mandatory due to the high value placed on work experience by prospective employers in the field.
Like most professional master's degree programs, the MUP is a terminal degree. However, some graduates choose to continue on to doctoral studies in urban planning or cognate fields. The PhD is a research degree, as opposed to the professional MUP, and thus focuses on training planners to engage in scholarly activity directed towards providing greater insight into the discipline and underlying issues related to urban development.
Accreditation in North America
Accreditation is a system for recognizing educational institutions and professional programs affiliated with those institutions for a level of performance, integrity, and quality. The Planning Accreditation Board is the sole accreditor of planning programs in the United States. The Planning Accreditation Board (PAB) accredits graduate and undergraduate planning programs in the United States and Canada.
As of January 1, 2014, PAB accredits 15 undergraduate programs and 73 graduate programs in 77 North America Universities.
The Planning Accreditation Board (PAB) accredits university programs in North America leading to bachelors and masters degrees in planning. The accreditation process is based on standards approved by the PAB and its sponsoring organizations: the American Planning Association (APA); the American Institute of Certified Planners (AICP) (the professional planners’ institute within the American Planning Association); and the Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning (ACSP).
Graduation from a PAB accredited program allows a graduate to sit for the American Institute of Certified Planners (AICP) Certification Exam earlier in their career than a student with a degree from a non-accredited program or school.
Programs that desire accreditation through the PAB must apply for candidacy status. The program seeking candidacy must demonstrate that they meet the five preconditions to accreditation. The five preconditions are:
- Program graduation of at least 25 students in the degree.
- Program's parent institution must be accredited by an institutional accrediting body recognized by the Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA).
- Formal title of program and degree offered must include the term "Planning".
- Undergraduate programs must offer 4 full-time years of study or equivalent, while graduate programs must be 2 full-time years of study or equivalent.
- Program's primary goal is to educate students to become practicing planning professionals.
Once the preconditions have successfully been met by the program, the program must complete and submit a Self-Study Report. Through the Self-Study Report, the program assesses their performance and compliance with PAB's accreditation standards. This report serves as the basis of review for the Planning Accreditation Board, along with a formal meeting with the Program Administrator at the Board meeting.
If candidacy is awarded, the Planning Accreditation Board will send a three-member team to visit and formally review the program during a semester. The three member team will meet with faculty, staff, students, and members of the local planning community. The team will then submit a Site Visit Report to the Planning Accreditation Board. During the meeting of the Planning Accreditation Board, the board will review the Self-Study Report, Site Visit Report and other documentation and meet with the Program Administrator. At the conclusion of the meeting, the Board decides if the program is awarded accreditation and the length of accreditation.
Accreditation length is dependent on the extent the program complies with requirements of the Planning Accreditation Board, with the maximum length awarded is 7 years. Programs must re-apply for accreditation in the year their accreditation term expires.
Accredited planning programs
For current information on PAB accredited programs, please visit the Planning Accreditation Board website.
United States of America and Puerto Rico
|Alabama A&M University||Normal||AL||Bachelor of Science in Urban Planning||1986||Master of Urban & Regional Planning||1976||December 31, 2015|
|Auburn University||Auburn||AL||not offered||Master of Community Planning||2005||December 31, 2014|
|Arizona State University||Tempe||AZ||Bachelor of Science in Planning||2002||Master of Urban & Environmental Planning||1992||December 31, 2018|
|University of Arizona||Tucson||AZ||not offered||Master of Science in Planning||1998||December 31, 2014|
|California Polytechnic State University||San Luis Obispo||CA||Bachelor of Science in City & Regional Planning||1973||Master of City & Regional Planning||1993||December 31, 2017|
|California State Polytechnic University, Pomona||Pomona||CA||Bachelor of Science in Urban & Regional Planning||1970||Master of Urban & Regional Planning||1972||December 31, 2015|
|San Jose State University||San Jose||CA||not offered||Master of Urban Planning||1972||December 31, 2016|
|University of California, Berkeley||Berkeley||CA||not offered||Master of City Planning||1960||December 31, 2017|
|University of California, Irvine||Irvine||CA||not offered||Master of Urban & Regional Planning||1998||December 31, 2014|
|University of California, Los Angeles||Los Angeles||CA||not offered||Master of Urban & Regional Planning||1971||December 31, 2019|
|University of Southern California||Los Angeles||CA||offered but not accredited||Master of Planning||1967||December 31, 2014|
|University of Colorado, Denver||Denver||CO||not offered||Master of Urban & Regional Planning||1975||December 31, 2016|
|Florida Atlantic University||Fort Lauderdale||FL||offered but not accredited||2011||Master of Urban & Regional Planning||1995||December 31, 2015|
|Florida State University||Tallahassee||FL||not offered||Master of Science in Planning||1965||December 31, 2017|
|University of Florida||Gainesville||FL||not offered||Master of Arts in Urban & Regional Planning||1978||December 31, 2019|
|Georgia Institute of Technology||Atlanta||GA||not offered||Master of City & Regional Planning||1969||December 31, 2019|
|University of Hawaii||Honolulu||HI||not offered||Master of Urban & Regional Planning||1981||December 31, 2017|
|University of Illinois at Chicago||Chicago||IL||offered but not accredited||Master of Urban Planning & Policy||1979||December 31, 2019|
|University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign||Champaign||IL||Bachelor of Arts in Urban Planning||1953||Master of Urban Planning||1945||December 31, 2016|
|Ball State University||Muncie||IN||Bachelor of Urban Planning & Development||1995||Master of Urban & Regional Planning||1993||December 31, 2017|
|Iowa State University||Ames||IA||Bachelor of Science in Community & Regional Planning||1979||Master of Community & Regional Planning||1979||December 31, 2017|
|University of Iowa||Iowa City||IA||not offered||Master of Urban & Regional Planning||1970||December 31, 2020|
|Kansas State University||Manhattan||KS||not offered||Master of Regional & Community Planning||1961||December 31, 2017|
|University of Kansas||Lawrence||KS||not offered||Master of Urban Planning||1983||December 31, 2017|
|University of Louisville||Louisville||KY||not offered||Master of Urban Planning||2010||December 31, 2016|
|University of New Orleans||New Orleans||LA||offered but not accredited||Master of Urban & Regional Planning||1976||December 31, 2018|
|University of Southern Maine||Portland||ME||not offered||Master in Community Planning and Development**||December 31, 2014**|
|Morgan State University||Baltimore||MD||not offered||Master of City & Regional Planning||1973||December 31, 2015|
|University of Maryland at College Park||College Park||MD||not offered||Master of Community Planning||1978||December 31, 2020|
|Harvard University||Cambridge||MA||not offered||Master in Urban Planning||1923–1984; 1997||December 31, 2017|
|Massachusetts Institute of Technology||Cambridge||MA||offered but not accredited||Master in City Planning||1932||December 31, 2017|
|Tufts University||Medford||MA||not offered||Master of Arts in Urban, Environmental Policy & Planning||2004||December 31, 2018|
|University of Massachusetts Amherst||Amherst||MA||not offered||Master of Regional Planning||1987||December 31, 2014|
|Eastern Michigan University||Ypsilanti||MI||Bachelor of Science or Arts in Urban & Regional Planning||1998||offered but not accredited||December 31, 2020|
|Michigan State University||East Lansing||MI||Bachelor of Science in Urban & Regional Planning||1959||Master in Urban & Regional Planning||1959||December 31, 2014|
|University of Michigan||Ann Arbor||MI||not offered||Master of Urban Planning||1968||December 31, 2015|
|Wayne State University||Detroit||MI||not offered||Master of Urban Planning||1975–1985; 1997||December 31, 2017|
|University of Minnesota||Minneapolis||MN||offered but not accredited||Master of Urban & Regional Planning||1982||December 31, 2015|
|Jackson State University||Jackson||MS||not offered||Master of Arts in Urban & Regional Planning||2010||December 31, 2014|
|Missouri State University||Springfield||MO||Bachelor of Science in Planning||2004||not offered||December 31, 2018|
|University of Nebraska-Lincoln||Lincoln||NE||not offered||Master of Community & Regional Planning||1978||December 31, 2016|
|Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey||New Brunswick||NJ||offered but not accredited||Master of City & Regional Planning||1968||December 31, 2014|
|University of New Mexico||Albuquerque||NM||offered but not accredited||Master of Community & Regional Planning||1987||December 31, 2014|
|Columbia University||New York||NY||not offered||Master of Science in Urban Planning||1945||December 31, 2014|
|Cornell University||Ithaca||NY||offered but not accredited||Master of Regional Planning||1959||December 31, 2014|
|Hunter College, City University of New York||New York||NY||not offered||Master in Urban Planning||1969||December 31, 2017|
|New York University||New York||NY||not offered||Master of Urban Planning||1961||December 31, 2017|
|Pratt Institute||Brooklyn||NY||not offered||Master of Science in City & Regional Planning||1962||December 31, 2014|
|University at Albany, State University of New York||Albany||NY||offered but not accredited||Master of urban & Regional Planning||2000||December 31, 2016|
|University at Buffalo, State University of New York||Buffalo||NY||not offered||Master of Urban Planning||1988||December 31, 2014|
|East Carolina University||Greenville||NC||Bachelor of Science in Urban & Regional Planning||2003||not offered||December 31, 2015|
|The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill||Chapel Hill||NC||not offered||Master of City & Regional Planning||December 31, 2014|
|Cleveland State University||Cleveland||OH||not offered||Master of Urban Planning, Design & Development||1998||December 31, 2014|
|Ohio State University||Columbus||OH||Bachelor of Science in City and Regional Planning**||Master of City & Regional Planning||1961||December 31, 2018|
|University of Cincinnati||Cincinnati||OH||Bachelor of Urban Planning||1966||Master of Community Planning||1964||December 31, 2014|
|University of Oklahoma||Norman||OK||not offered||Master of Regional & City Planning||1957–1966; 1992||December 31, 2016|
|Portland State University||Portland||OR||not offered||Master of Urban & Regional Planning||1980||December 31, 2018|
|University of Oregon||Eugene||OR||not offered||Master of Community & Regional Planning||1970||December 31, 2016|
|Indiana University of Pennsylvania||Indiana||PA||Bachelor of Science in Regional Planning||not offered||December 31, 2016|
|Temple University||Ambler||PA||Bachelor of Science in Community & Regional Planning||Master of Community & Regional Planning||December 31, 2015|
|University of Pennsylvania||Philadelphia||PA||not offered||Master of City Planning||1969||December 31, 2014|
|Clemson University||Clemson||SC||not offered||Master of City & Regional Planning||1972||December 31, 2014|
|University of Memphis||Memphis||TN||not offered||Master of City & Regional Planning||1981||December 31, 2018|
|Texas A&M University||College Station||TX||not offered||Master of Urban Planning||1968||December 31, 2018|
|Texas Southern University||Houston||TX||not offered||Master of Urban Planning & Environmental Policy||2009||December 31, 2018|
|The University of Texas at Arlington||Arlington||TX||not offered||Master of City & Regional Planning||1978||December 31, 2015|
|The University of Texas at Austin||Austin||TX||not offered||Master of Science in Community & Regional Planning||1969||December 31, 2017|
|University of Utah||Salt Lake City||UT||offered but not accredited||Master of City & Metropolitan Planning||2011||December 31, 2021|
|University of Virginia||Charlottesville||VA||Bachelor of Urban & Environmental Planning||1963||Master of Urban & Environmental Planning||1968||December 31, 2020|
|Virginia Commonwealth University||Richmond||VA||not offered||Master of Urban & Regional Planning||1977||December 31, 2014|
|Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University||Blacksburg||VA||not offered||Master of Urban & Regional Planning||1961||December 31, 2014|
|Eastern Washington University||Cheney||WA||Bachelor of Arts in Urban & Regional Planning||1983||Master of Urban & Regional Planning||1983||December 31, 2014|
|University of Washington||Seattle||WA||offered but not accredited||Master of Urban Planning||1936||December 31, 2015|
|University of Wisconsin-Madison||Madison||WI||not offered||Master of Science in Urban & Regional Planning||1962||December 31, 2016|
|University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee||Milwaukee||WI||not offered||Master of Urban Planning||1974||December 31, 2018|
|Universidad de Puerto Rico||San Juan||Puerto Rico||Offered but Not Accredited||1977||Maestría en Planificación Urbana y Territorial||1997||December 31, 2017|
|Université de Montréal||Montréal||Quebec||Baccalauréat Spécialisé en Urbanisme||1982||Maîtrise en Urbanisme||1965||December 31, 2013|
|University of British Columbia||Vancouver||British Columbia||Not Offered||Master of Arts in Planning, Master of Science in Planning, and Master of Community and Regional Planning||1970||December 31, 2016|
|University of Guelph||Guelph||Ontario||Not Offered||Master of Science in Rural Planning & Development, and Master of Planning (MPlan)||1983||December 31, 2018|
|McGill University||Montreal||Quebec||Not Offered||Master of Urban Planning||1974||December 31, 2016|
|Université du Québec à Montréal||Montreal||Quebec||Baccalauréat ès sciences spécialisé en urbanisme||1984||Not Offered||December 31, 2016|
|Queen's University||Kingston||Ontario||Not Offered||Master of Urban & Regional Planning||1973||December 31, 2021|
|Ryerson University||Toronto||Ontario||Bachelor of Urban and Regional Planning, Post Degree Bachelor of Urban and Regional Planning, and Post Diploma Bachelor of Urban and Regional Planning||1973||Master of Urban & Regional Planning||2009||December 31, 2019|
|University of Saskatchewan||Saskatoon||Saskatchewan||Bachelor of Arts in Regional and Urban Planning||2009||Not Offered||December 31, 2015|
|Simon Fraser University||Burnaby||British Columbia||Not Offered||Master of Resource Management (Planning)||2004||December 31, 2015|
|University of Toronto||Toronto||Ontario||Not Offered||Master of Science in Planning||1963||December 31, 2017|
|University of Waterloo||Waterloo||Ontario||Bachelor of Environmental Studies in Planning, and Bachelor of Environmental Studies in Co-Op Planning||1968||Master of Arts in Planning, Master of Environmental Studies in Planning, and Master of Planning (MPlan)||1968||December 31, 2019|
|York University||Toronto||Ontario||Not Offered||Master of Environmental Studies in Planning||1970||December 31, 2017|
|University of Northern British Columbia||Prince George||British Columbia||Bachelor of Planning||2005||Not Offered||December 31, 2016|
|University of Manitoba||Winnipeg||Manitoba||Not Offered||Master of City Planning||1952||December 31, 2020|
|Université Laval||Quebec City||Quebec||Not Offered||Maîtrise en aménagement du territoire et développement régional||1984||December 31, 2016|
|Dalhousie University||Halifax||Nova Scotia||Bachelor of Community Design with majors in; Environmental Planning, Urban Design and Planning, and Sustainability||2003||Master of Planning||2003||December 31, 2016|
|University of Calgary||Calgary||Alberta||Not Offered||Master of Planning||2011||December 31, 2016|
|Vancouver Island University||Nanaimo||British Columbia||Not Offered||**Master of Community Planning||2015||September 30, 2016|
|University of Alberta||Edmonton||Alberta||**Bachelor of Arts in Planning, and Bachelor of Science in Planning||2012||Not Offered||June 30, 2016|
(** candidate for accreditation)
Accreditation in the Republic of India
Though Planning as a Profession is not a recognized profession under Indian law, the profession was started long back with School of Planning and Architecture in 1941 as a Department of Architecture of Delhi College of Engineering now the Delhi Technological University. It was later integrated with the School of Town and Country Planning which was established in 1955 by the Government of India to provide facilities for rural, urban and regional planning. On integration, the School was renamed as school of planning and architecture in 1959. Today it is one of the premier schools of pursuing planning studies at bachelor, masters and post doctorate levels. The Institute of Town Planners, India set up on the lines of the [Royal Town Planning Institute, London] is the body representing planning professionals in India. A small group formed itself into an Indian Board of Town Planners which after three years of continuous work formed the Institute of Town Planners, India. The Institute which was established in July 1951, Today, has a membership of over 2,800, apart from a sizable number of student members, many of whom have qualified Associateship Examination (AITP) conducted by ITPI. Institutes under ITPI offers a 4-year undergraduate degree in Planning.
|Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur||Nagpur, Maharashtra||Not Offered||Master of Technology in Urban Planning|
|School of Planning & Architecture, Delhi (SPA-D)
(Autonomous institution established by Ministry of Human Resource Development (India))
|New Delhi||Bachelor of Planning||Master of Planning|
|School of Planning and Architecture, Vijayawada (SPA-V)
(Autonomous institution established by Ministry of Human Resource Development (India))
|Vijayawada, AP||Bachelor of Planning||Master of Planning|
|School of Planning and Architecture, Bhopal (SPA-B)
(Autonomous institution established by Ministry of Human Resource Development (India))
|Bhopal, MP||Bachelor of Planning||Master of Planning|
|School of Planning, Bhaikaka Centre for Human Settlements, APIED||Vallabh Vidhyanagar, Anand, Gujrat||not offered||Master of Urban Planning|
|Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal||Bhopal, MP||Bachelor of Planning||Master of Urban Development & Planning|
|Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat||Surat, Gujarat||not offered||Master of Technology in Urban Planning|
|Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur||Kharagpur, WB||not offered||Master of Planning|
|Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee||Roorkee, UK||not offered||Master of Planning|
|Pune Institute of Engineering & Technology||Pune, MH||not offered||Master of Planning|
|College of Engineering, Pune||Shivaji Nagar, Pune, MH||B.Tech (Planning)||Master of Urban & Regional Planning|
|Centre for Environmental Planning and Technology||Ahmadabad, GJ||Bachelor of Planning||Master of Planning|
|Guru Nanak Dev University||Amritsar, PB||Bachelor of Technology (Planning)||Master of Urban Planning|
|Anna University||Chennai, TN||not offered||Master of Planning|
|University of Mysore||Mysore, KN||not offered||Master of Urban & Regional Planning|
|Bengal Engineering and Science University||Howrah, WB||not offered||Master of Urban & Regional Planning|
|Malaviya National Institute of Technology,||Jaipur (Rajasthan)||not offered||Master of Planning|
|College of Engineering,||Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala)||not offered||M. Plan (Housing)|
|Birla Institute of Technology||Ranchi (MESRA), Jharkhand||not offered||Master of Urban Planning (Town Planning)|
|Jawaharlal Nehru Technology University||Hyderabad, AP||Bachelor of Planning||Master of Planning|
| University Of Allahabad | Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh | | PG Diploma in town country Planning |}
United States of America
While there is no official ranking of the graduate programs for planning, planning-community site Planetizen and college guide Best Colleges publish periodic lists of the Top US planning graduate programs, and the AICP provides a listing of currently- and formerly-accredited programs sorted by proportion of recent graduates passing its certification exam. The Best Colleges and Planetizen top-ranked schools aren't all at the top of the exam pass-rate rankings, but the two guides broadly agree on which schools are best.
- Planning Accreditation Board
- "Accredited Planning Programs". Planning Accreditation Board. 2010. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
- "Candidacy Information". Planning Accreditation Board. 2010. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
- Application for Candidacy Status
- Self-Study Report Manual
- The Accreditation Document, Pg. 38
- "History of Accredited Programs". Planning Accreditation Board. 2010. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
- "2013 Top Urban Planning Schools". Best Colleges. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
- "2015 Guide to Graduate Urban Planning Programs". Planetizen Press. Retrieved 4 October 2014.
- "2012 Guide to Graduate Urban Planning Programs". Planetizen Press. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
- "2009 Guide to Graduate Urban Planning Programs". Planetizen Press. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
- "2006 Guide to Graduate Urban Planning Programs". Planetizen Press. Archived from the original on June 4, 2007. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
- "AICP Exam Pass Rates (2013)". American Planning Association. Retrieved 26 November 2013.