Mastoid antrum

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Mastoid antrum
Gray913.png
Coronal section of right temporal bone. ("Tympanic antrum" labeled at upper left.)
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The medial wall and part of the posterior and anterior walls of the right tympanic cavity, lateral view. ("Mastoid antrum" labeled at upper left, in dark circle.)
Details
Latin antrum mastoideum
Identifiers
Gray's p.1042
Dorlands
/Elsevier
a_50/12143566
TA A15.3.02.028
FMA 55711
Anatomical terms of bone

The mastoid antrum (tympanic antrum, antrum mastoideum, Valsalva's antrum) is an air space in the petrous portion of the temporal bone, communicating posteriorly with the mastoid cells and anteriorly with the epitympanic recess of the middle ear via the aditus to mastoid antrum (entrance to the mastoid antrum). These air spaces function as sound receptors, provide voice resonance, act as acoustic insulation and dissipation, provide protection from physical damage and reduce the mass of the cranium.[citation needed]

The mastoid air cell system is a major contributor to middle ear inflammatory diseases.[1]

Additional images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Koç, Ahmet; Karaaslan, Osman; Koç, Turgay (2004). "Mastoid air cell system" (PDF). Otoscope 4: 144–54. 

External links[edit]

  • Anatomy figure: 30:02-01 at Human Anatomy Online, SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "Illustration of the continuity of the nasopharynx with the middle ear cavity via the auditory tube."