Mastotermitidae is a family of termites with one sole living species, Mastotermes darwiniensis which is found only in northern Australia. The remaining genera of this family are only known from the fossil record.
Numerous fossil taxa have been described in the Mastotermitidae, as well as in the genus Mastotermes. The family seems to have had a worldwide distribution until just a few million years ago, when all but the ancestors of the giant northern termite became extinct for unknown reasons.
Genera included in the Mastotermitidae are:
- Anisotermes Zhao et al Burmese amber, Myanmar, Cenomanian
- Blattotermes Riek (Eocene-Oligocene of France, USA, and Australia)
- Garmitermes Engel, Grimaldi, & Krishna Baltic amber, Eocene
- Idanotermes Engel Baltic amber, Eocene
- Khanitermes Engel, Grimaldi, & Krishna Shar-Tolgoy Formation, Dzun-Bain Formation, Mongolia, Aptian
- Mastotermes Froggatt (Cretaceous-Recent of Europe, Central America and Australia)
- Miotermes Rosen (Miocene of Croatia, Germany, and France)
- Spargotermes Emerson (Miocene-Pliocene of Brazil)
- Valditermes Jarzembowski Weald Clay, United Kingdom, Hauterivian
- Wang, Yan-hui; Engel, Michael S.; Rafael, José A.; Wu, Hao-yang; Rédei, Dávid; Xie, Qiang; Wang, Gang; Liu, Xiao-guang; Bu, Wen-jun (2016). "Fossil record of stem groups employed in evaluating the chronogram of insects (Arthropoda: Hexapoda)". Scientific Reports. 6: 38939. doi:10.1038/srep38939. PMC 5154178. PMID 27958352.
- Krishna, K., D.A. Grimaldi, V. Krishna, & M.S. Engel (2013) Treatise on the Isoptera of the world. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 377: 1-2704.