Maszlee Malik

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Maszlee Malik
مزلي بن مالک
Maszlee Malik 2018 (cropped).jpg
Maszlee Malik in 2018
Minister of Education
In office
21 May 2018 – 3 January 2020
MonarchsMuhammad V
Prime MinisterMahathir Mohamad
DeputyTeo Nie Ching
Preceded byMahdzir Khalid
(Minister of Education)
Idris Jusoh
(Minister of Higher Education)
Succeeded byMahathir Mohamad
(Acting Minister of Education)
Mohd Radzi Md Jidin
(Minister of Education)
Noraini Ahmad
(Minister of Higher Education)
ConstituencySimpang Renggam
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Simpang Renggam
In office
9 May 2018 – 19 November 2022
Preceded byLiang Teck Meng
Succeeded byHasni Mohammad
Majority3,475 (2018)
7th President of the
International Islamic University Malaysia
In office
5 September 2018 – 9 November 2018
ChancellorAhmad Shah
Preceded byRais Yatim
Succeeded byMohd Daud Bakar
Personal details
Maszlee bin Malik

(1974-12-19) 19 December 1974 (age 47)
Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
Political partyBERSATU (2018–2020)
PEJUANG (August 2020–Nov 2020)
Independent (May 2020–August 2020, Nov 2020–Nov 2021)
PKR (2017–2018, 2021–present)
Other political
Pakatan Harapan
Alma mater
OccupationLecturer, Politician, Actor
Maszlee Malik on Facebook
Maszlee Malik on Parliament of Malaysia

Maszlee bin Malik (Jawi: مزلي بن مالک) is a Malaysian politician who served as the Minister of Education in the Pakatan Harapan (PH) administration under former Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad from May 2018 to his resignation in January 2020 and the Member of Parliament (MP) for Simpang Renggam from May 2018 to November 2022.[1] He is a member of the People's Justice Party (PKR), a component party of the PH opposition coalition. He was previously an independent after his Malaysian United Indigenous Party (BERSATU) membership had been terminated. [2]


Born in Johor Bahru, Johor on 19 December 1974, he is of Hakka Chinese (mother) and Bugis (father) descent.[3] He attended the English College (now Sultan Abu Bakar College) and Maahad Johor. He obtained his bachelor's degree in the Islamic Jurisprudence from University of Al-Bayt, Jordan and his master's degree in the same field from University of Malaya, Malaysia. He completed his doctorate in Political Science from Durham University with his doctoral thesis titled "Constructing the Architectonics and Formulating the Articulation of Islamic Governance: A Discursive Attempt in Islamic Epistemology".[4]

Before being elected, he taught at the International Islamic University Malaysia and studied Islam and the Middle East. Apart from speaking fluent Malay, Arabic and English, he also speaks moderate French, German, simple Mandarin Chinese and Hokkien.[5]


Maszlee made his political debut by registering as a member of PKR Ampang branch in 2017.[6] But he later joined another PH coalition's component party, BERSATU in March 2018 ahead of the 2018 general election (GE14) which he contested and defeated incumbent Liang Teck Meng for the Simpang Renggam constituency.[5] On 18 May 2018, Maszlee was appointed as Malaysia's new Minister of Education after Prime Minister Tun Mahathir Mohamad vacated the post just one day after taking it.[7] After some 20 months of his appointment, he rendered the ministerial position in January 2020 to the Prime Minister as requested by the latter.[8]

His BERSATU membership was then canceled in May 2020 after the collapsed of PH government following the party's decision to leave PH in the so-called 'Sheraton Move' 2020 political crisis and he became an Independent MP.[9] After being PH-friendly independent for more than a year, he finally rejoined PKR and PH again in November 2021.[2]

On 14 February 2022, he was confirmed to be contesting for the Layang-Layang state seat representing PH and PKR in the 2022 Johor state election. The state seat is within his Simpang Renggam federal seat. But, he lost to the UMNO incumbent, Abd. Mutalip Abd. Rahim.


Aside from his position as a parliamentarian member and a minister from 2018-2020, he used to hold various positions, including:

• President of Southeast Asia Minister of Education Organization Council (SEAMEO) • President of Malaysia National Commission for UNESCO (MNCU) • Head of the Council of Boy Scouts Malaysia • Chairman of Tunku Abdul Rahman Board of Trustees • Presideent of International Islamic University Malaysia

After the change of government in Malaysia, he is now in the opposition bench of Malaysian parliament. Maszlee is currently the chair for Malaysian Parliament Select Committee on Education, as well as the head of Pakatan Harapan special committee for education, and was appointed as the Deputy Chairman for Perbadanan Perpustakaan Awam Selangor (PPAS)/ Selangor Public Library since Dec 2021.

Books authored[edit]

  • Academic Publications

a) Foundations of Islamic Governance: A Southeast Asian Perspective, London & New York: Routledge, 2017. ISBN 978-1-138-21974-8.

b) Introduction To Good Governance: A Critical Inquiry, Kuala Lumpur: IIUM Press, (2015). ISBN 978-967-418-374-5; doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.1401.1361.

c) Good Governance, Civil Society and Islam, Kuala Lumpur: IIUM Press, (2015). ISBN 978-967-418-375-2; doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.4022.5761.

d) Asas Tadbir Urus Islam, Malaysian Institute of Translation & Books, (2019). ISBN 9789674608033

Text Books

a) “ABKK3203 POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT AND THIRD WORLD POLITICS” (with Oo Cheng Keat), Textbook for Political Development and Third World Politics Module, First Edition, December 2016. Kuala Lumpur: Open University Malaysia (OUM).

b) “ABKK2203 COMPARATIVE POLITICS” Textbook for Comparative Politics Module, First Edition, April 2016. Kuala Lumpur: Open University Malaysia (OUM).

c) ‘Arabic Language for Beginners’, CELPAD, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuala Lumpur. 2002.

Chapters in Books

a) “Reclaiming Our Brotherhood”, in Institute for Democracy and economic Affairs (IDEAS), ‘Dialog: Thoughts on Tunku’s Timeless Thinking’, IDEAS & Gerak Budaya Enterprise, Petaling Jaya (2017). pp. 191-195.

b) “Kesejahteraan di Luar Negara: ‘Ihsani’ Konsep Kesejahteraan Berbasis Masyarakat,” in Noh Harmouzi and Linda Whetstone, Islam dan Kebasan: Argumen Islam untuk Masyarakat Bebas. Institute of Economic Affairs, London & Suara Kebebasan, Indonesia (2017). Pp. 63-80.

c) “Pious way (Approach) to Development: the Ihsani Social Capital and Pertubuhan Jamaah Islah Malaysia (JIM)” (with Hamidah Mat), in Muhammad A. Quayum & Hasan Ahmad Ibrahim, Religion, Culture, Society: Reading in Humanities and Human Knowledge, Bangsar: Silverfish Books Sdn Bhd, (2017): 77-111. ISBN 978-983-3221-64-6.

d) “Welfare Beyond the State: a Conceptual Discursive of ‘Ihsani’ Societal-Based Welfare” (Chapter), in Noh Harmouzi and Linda Whetstone, Islamic Foundations of a Free Society, London: Institute of Economic Affairs, (2016): 58-76. ISBN 978-0-255-36728-8.

e) “Maqasid al-Shari’ah (the Comprehensive Objectives of Shari’ah)”, in G25 Malaysia, Breaking the Silence: Voices of Moderation, Singapore: Marshall Cavendish (2015). ISBN 978-981-46772-1-9.

f) “Immunisation from the Perspective of Maqasid Shari’ah” (With Musa Nordin), in Musa Nordin, Siti Aisyah Ismail & Chan Li Jin @ Ahaddhaniah (eds.), IMMUNISATION CONTROVERSIES, What You Really Need to Know. A Collaborative project of Islamic Medical Associations of Malaysia (IMAM) and Islamic Medical Associations and Network of Indonesia (IMANI). Selangor: Brightside Solutions (2015 & 2016): 62-74. ISBN 978-967-12462-1-4.

g) ‘Religionen in der Schule und die Bedeutung des Islamischen Religionsunterrichts’, Zentrum für Interkulturelle Islam-Studien, Universität Osnabrück, Germany, (2010): 291-304. ISBN 978-3-89971-611-5.

Popular Publications

a) ISIS: IS/ISIL/DAESH?, (editor: Maszlee Malik) Selangor: PTS Publishing House (2016). ISBN 978-967-411-895-2.

b) ISIS: Salah Faham Fiqh Jihad Sebenar (Booklet) (2016), Sungai Besi: SALAM IRAQ. ISBN 978-967-13024-6-0.

c) ISIS: Pandangan Ulama Mengenai ISIS (Booklet) (2016), Sungai Besi: SALAM IRAQ. ISBN 978-967-13024-6-0.

d) Sqiptar di Champs Elleysee (Novel), Selangor: Jejak Tarbiyah Press (2016). ISBN 978-967-14246-2-9.

e) Fiqh Taysir, Mengambil Hukum-Hakam yang Memudahkan, Kangar: Jabatan Mufti Negeri Perlis (2016). ISBN 978-967-13496-0-1.

f) Generasi Kedua Politikal islam: Wacana Baru Gerakan Islam, (eds. Maszlee Malik and Zulkifli Hasan), Petaling Jaya: ILHAM Books (2016). ISBN 978-967-13907-8-8.

g) “Pasca Islamisme atau Wacana Baru Gerakan Islam?” in Maszlee Malik and Zulkifli Hasan (eds.), Generasi Kedua Politikal islam: Wacana Baru Gerakan Islam, Petaling Jaya: ILHAM Books (2016), pp. 3-14. ISBN 978-967-13907-8-8.

h) “Ulama, Kepimpinan Ulama dan Politik di Dalam Kerangka Gerakan Islam” in Maszlee Malik and Zulkifli Hasan (eds.), Generasi Kedua Politikal islam: Wacana Baru Gerakan Islam, Petaling Jaya: ILHAM Books (2016), pp. 163-174. ISBN 978-967-13907-8-8.

i) “Tatakelola dan Gerakan Islam” in Zulkifli Hasan, Rashid al-Ghannoushi: Intelektual-Reformasi Politikal Islam, Petaling Jaya: ILHAM Books (2016), ISBN 978-967-11782-5-6.

j) “Tunisia, al-Nahda dan Gerakan Islam” in Zulkifli Hasan, Rashid al-Ghannoushi: Intelektual-Reformasi Politikal Islam, Petaling Jaya: ILHAM Books (2016), ISBN 978-967-11782-5-6.

k) “Pelajaran dari Sahifah Madinah” in Zulkifli Hasan, Rashid al-Ghannoushi: Intelektual-Reformasi Politikal Islam, Petaling Jaya: ILHAM Books (2016), ISBN 978-967-11782-5-6.

l) Orkes masyarakat Manusiawi: Catatan Islam Madani, Kuala Lumpur: Tukul Chetak (2016), ISBN 978-967-2011-00-2.

m) Pemburu Kesepian di Bumi Geordy (Travelog), Kuala Lumpur: Telaga Biru (2015). ISBN 978-967-388-196-3.

n) Risalah Pemuda Muslim, Kuala Lumpur: Telaga Biru, 2014. ISBN 978-967-388-168-0.

o) Menuju Sejahtera Meraih Bahagia: Satu Pandangan Baru Politik Islam (Siyasah Syar’iyyah), Selangor: Karya Bestari, Karangkraf, 2014. ISBN 978-967-86-0442-0.

p) “Beberapa Pelajaran Dari Pemikiran Politik al-Qaradawi”, in Zulkifli Hasan (ed.), ‘Pemikiran Yusuf al-Qaradawi dan pengaruhnya terhadap Gerakan Dakwah, Politik dan Masyarakat’. Kajang: Angkatan Belia Islam Malaysia, 2013. ISBN 978-967-117-821-8.

q) “Tatakelola Kerajaan yang Baik (Good Governance), Gerakan Islam dan Rashid al-Ghannouchi” Rachid Ghannouchi, in Zulkifli Hasan (ed.), ‘Rashid al-Ghannoushi, Intelektual Reformis Gerakan Islam, Kuala Lumpur: Angkatan Belia Islam Malaysia, 2013. ISBN 978-967-117-822-5.

r) Al-Aqsa Dalam Bahaya, Jakarta: Penerbitan al-Quds, 2008.

s) “Fiqh Ijtihad al-Qaradawi” in Ahmad Jamali Sepihie,WM Zukri CM Zin, W Muhammad W Ibrahim and Mohamed Hatta Shaharom (eds.), Pemusatan Dakwah Pengislah Dinamika Ummah: Risalah Pemimpin Jilid 8, JIMedia, Kuala Lumpur, 2007.

t) ‘Fikah Luar Negara’, PTS Milenia Publication, Selangor, Malaysia, 2006. ISBN 978-983-360-3008.

u) ‘Peluru Lawan Batu: Konflik Palestin-Israel’, Shah Alam: Karya Bestari, 2006. ISBN 978-967-860-269-3.

v) ‘HAMAS’, PTS Publication, Selangor, Malaysia, 2006 (1st), 2008 (2nd) & 2014 (3rd). ISBN 983-3604-14-5.

w) “Sekilas Usaha JIM Dalam Menangani Isu Palestin,” in Ahmad Jamali Sepihie, WM Zukri CM Zin, Endok Sempo Mohd Tahir and Mohamed Hatta Shaharom (eds.), Pemusatan Dakwah Pengislah Dinamika Ummah: Risalah Pemimpin Jilid 5, JIMedia, Kuala Lumpur, 2005.

x) ‘Al-Aqsa Dalam Bahaya’ JIMedia, Kuala Lumpur, 2005 (1st), 2007 (2nd), 2010 (3rd), 2012 (4th), 2014 (5th). ISBN 978-983-978-230-1.

y) ‘Talfiq dalam Muamalat’, Karangkraf, Kuala Lumpur, 2005. ISBN 978-967-860-257-0.

z) ‘Biografi Syeikh Ahmad Yassin’, Karya Bestari, Shah Alam, Selangor, 2004. ISBN 978-967-860-259-4.

Election results[edit]

Parliament of Malaysia[10][11][12]
Year Constituency Name Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
2018 P151 Simpang Renggam Maszlee Malik (BERSATU) 18,157 49.61% Liang Teck Meng (Gerakan) 14,682 40.11% 36,601 3,475 83.19%
Mohd Jubri Selamat (PAS) 2,983 8.15%
2022 Maszlee Malik (PKR) Hasni Mohammad (UMNO)
Mohd Fazrul Kamat (BERSATU)
Johor State Legislative Assembly[13]
Year Constituency Name Votes Pct Opponent(s) Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
2022 N27 Layang-Layang Maszlee Malik (PKR) 4,736 34.50% Abd. Mutalip Abd. Rahim (UMNO) 7,551 55.00% 13,729 2,815 54.59%
Alagenthiran Krishnan (BERSATU) 1,278 9.31%
Ahmad Shafiq Othman (PEJUANG) 164 1.19%


Year Title Role Notes
2021 Taruh Himself Short film and act as antagonist role
2022 Kudeta Jamal Banna Serial drama and act as antagonist role


  1. ^ "Dr Maszlee Malik menteri pelajaran baru (Dr Maszlee Malik the new Education minister)". 18 May 2018.
  2. ^ a b Ben Chong (27 November 2021). "Maszlee Malik officially joins PKR". Malay Mail. Retrieved 28 November 2021.
  3. ^ "Infografik: Profil Menteri Pendidikan". Bernama Radio Official. Archived from the original on 24 December 2021. Retrieved 28 November 2021 – via Instagram.
  4. ^ Malik, Maszlee (2011). "Constructing the Architectonics and Formulating the Articulation of Islamic Governance: A Discursive Attempt in Islamic Epistemology" (PDF).
  5. ^ a b 会说简单华语福建话‧教长马智礼有华人血统 [Able to speak simple Chinese and Hokkien language, Education Minister Maszlee have Chinese Descent]. (in Chinese (Malaysia)).
  6. ^ "Simpang Renggam MP Maszlee joins PKR". Bernama. The Edge Markets. 27 November 2021. Retrieved 28 November 2021.
  7. ^ Sadho Ram (19 May 2018). "Our New Education Minister Dr Maszlee Malik: Who Is He And What Are His Plans?". Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  8. ^ "Maszlee Quits As Education Minister Returns Post To Mahathir". Free Malaysia Today. 2 January 2019. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  9. ^ "Maszlee to remain PH-friendly independent, to focus on education". Free Malaysia Today. 11 November 2020. Retrieved 25 July 2021.
  10. ^ "Malaysia General Election". undiinfo Malaysian Election Data. Malaysiakini. Retrieved 4 February 2017. Results only available from the 2004 election.
  11. ^ "SEMAKAN KEPUTUSAN PILIHAN RAYA UMUM KE – 14" (in Malay). Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 17 May 2018. Percentage figures based on total turnout.
  12. ^ "The Star Online GE14". The Star. Retrieved 24 May 2018. Percentage figures based on total turnout.
  13. ^ "Dashboard SPR". Retrieved 13 March 2022.

External links[edit]